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Details if other :. Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Two erotic and perverse works of interracial femdom from Kurt Steiner in one volume. In "The Inferior", a middle-aged English writer finds himself increasingly enslaved, both physically and emotionally, by his young and female Indian housekeeper; while, with "Vincennes", it's a young Cakcutta waitress who infatuates the visiting English businessman and decimates his life.

CO Two erotic and perverse works of interracial femdom from Kurt Steiner in one volume. Get A Copy. Kindle Edition , pages. More Details Other Editions 1. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book. This book is not yet featured on Listopia. Community Reviews. Showing Rating details. Both factors will likewise influence the longevity of any new restorative concepts. Nevertheless, amalgam restorations remain the standard against which alternative materials are evaluated.

Dental health requirements have evolved substantially over the years.


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Various reasons maybe attributed to this development especially in the 21st century. Changes in food habits, environmental manifestations, genetic mutations, as well as behavioral trait variations have played an important role in manifesting dental diseases. Dental care is a very important part of our modern life. The human body is a very complex biological system which comprises of molecules hence, the availability of molecular nanotechnology will permit dramatic progress to address medical problems and will use molecular knowledge to maintain and improve human health at the molecular scale.


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Greatness does not come from size on the other hand surprises come from small packages. Nanotechnology is rapidly developing subdivision that affects many fields. Medicine is also influenced by nanotechnology. Nanomaterials are of interest from a fundamental point of view because with new materials, come new properties, which result in new opportunities for technological and commercial development, and applications of nanoparticles have been proposed in areas as diverse as microelectronics, coatings and paints, and biotechnology.

From these applications has come the development of nano-pharmaceuticals, nanosensors, nanoswitches, and nanodelivery systems. Nanotechnology offers advances particularly in each and every field of human activity such as electronics, industry, telecommunications, environmental science, medical and health care sciences etc. Since s, nanotechnology has been exploited for potential medical and dental applications.

Nanotechnology holds promise for advanced diagnostics, targeted drug delivery and biosensors.

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It is based on the idea of creating functional structures by controlling atoms and molecules on a one-by-one basis. What makes nano-particles interesting and bestows unique features upon them is the fact that their size is smaller than the critical lengths defining many physical events. Dentistry is undergoing yet another change to benefit mankind, this time by transforming itself to the nano-dentistry.

Preventive dentistry has also utilized the same concept to develop the nano-materials for inclusion in a variety of oral healthcare products. However, due to insufficient evidence on potential hazards on human health and environment, nanotechnology has become a controversial issue. It is documented that nanomaterials can enter the human body through several routes and can pose a threat to human health by interacting with the DNA. Although the effect of nanotechnology on dentistry is limited to the use of currently available materials, rapidly progressing investigations will ensure that developments that seem unbelievable today are possible in the future.

The future utilization of the advantages of nanotechnology will facilitate improvements in oral health. As one of the most demanding tasks facing the restorative dentist, planning and executing an occlusal rehabilitation should not be undertaken lightly. The stakes are high and failure is costly. Treatment planning decisions should be undertaken on the basis of scientific evidence, where this is available, or on the basis of documented experience where it is not. Identify the major biological and clinical considerations used when planning an occlusal rehabilitation. The aim was to present a case of occlusion rehabilitation in a patient with multiple carious teeth and few grossly decayed teeth.

A 21 yr old female patient had grossly decayed 36,45, 46 and had class -I caries in her 26, 27 16, Root canal treatment was done in 36, 45, 46, Followed by Glass Fibre Post in Then Full crown coverage was given in all the teeth treated. Finally composite restoration was done w. Nuclear medicine imaging is one of the latest and cutting-edge innovations in maxillofacial diagnosis. Nuclear medicine imaging often play a significant role in the diagnosis and treatment of oral and maxillofacial diseases.

The artificial manufacture of gamma ray emitting isotopes like gallium or Tc99m and development of gamma scintillation cameras has made the diagnostic modality of radio nucleotide a reality. This modality allows for dynamic visualization of basic uptake and secretion from many of tissues of human body. This technique can be used to detect areas of increased metabolism, termed as hot spot or areas of decreased metabolism called as cold spot.

This technology is used in detection of metastatic tumors, salivary gland pathologies, TMJ tumors and lymphatic pathology. PET can be used in pretreatment staging process, during radiotherapy planning and in the post treatment work-up. The aim of this poster is to portray the applications of Nuclear medicine in the oral and maxillofacial diagnosis as well as their merits and demerits. Tissue engineering is a novel and exciting field that aims to re-create functional, healthy tissues and organs in order to replace diseased, dying, or dead tissues. It is based on harvesting the progenitor or stem cells expanding and differentiating them into cells that have potential to form new tissue and organ.

Pulpal regeneration after tooth injury is not easy to accomplish, because of the infected pulp requires tooth extraction or root canal therapy. Current treatment modalities offer high levels of success for many conditions; an ideal form of therapy might consist of regenerative approaches in which diseased or necrotic pulp tissues are removed and replaced with healthy pulp tissue to revitalize teeth. Many of the current tissue engineering research is directed towards the area of cell manipulation and scaffold design. Oral hygiene and dietary habits are established during preschool days and the parents, especially mothers function as role models for their children.

This poster is designed to begin from the grass root level to create knowledge and awareness regarding infant oral health care among dental and medical students and parents of rural and urban areas. The basic approach in controlling the disease is to identify the disease. This requires knowledge about dental disease process and to reduce the risk factors. Oral hygiene procedures for the child should begin as the first tooth erupts.

Educating parents regarding cleaning and massaging of gums which helps in establishing healthy oral flora and to aid in teething. Parents should establish dental home for infants by 12 months of age. Infant oral health care is a foundation on which a lifetime of preventive education and dental care is build up in order to achieve caries free childhood and adulthood. Ozone has been successfully used in Medicine for over a hundred years due to its microbiological effects.

Its use has been investigated in the treatment of ocular diseases, viral, fungal and bacterial infections, dermatological disorders, and in pulmonary, renal, hematological and neurodegenerative pathologies. Infant oral colonisation is alarmingly proportional to the maternal Mutans Streptococcus counts, oral hygiene, periodontal health and socioeconomic status. Yet, in rural India, promotion of infant oral health IOH care still remains an oblivious concept.

The current workstation in most dental offices requires that the practitioner lean forward, flex his neck forward and laterally, hold his shoulders abducted and his arms flexed, with this position being held statically for most of the workday. The human body is not built to handle these kinds of stresses, which place them at great risk for developing MSDs. The aim of the study was to compare and evaluate the success rate of Pressed-ceramic veneers and Zirconia based veneers.

Bacterial invasion of the root canal system is crucial for the onset and maintenance of periapical diseases. Thus, one goal of endodontic treatment is to kill microorganisms in the root canal system. Although biomechanical preparation and root canal shaping, irrigants and intracanal medicaments effectively reduce microbiota, these procedures do not completely eliminate bacteria and there are chances of failure.

Oral health is an integral and essential component of general health and this is the epitome that all of us strive to achieve. Dental caries and periodontal diseases are the most common oral health problems of Indian population. Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and disease worldwide. Currently, approximately 5. Stem cells are biological cells found in all multicellular organisms that can divide and differentiate into diverse specialized cell types and can self-renew to produce more stem cells.

A stem cell is essentially the building block of the human body. Root canal morphology is a critically important part of conventional and surgical endodontics root canal therapy. Many studies have recorded the scales and average sizes of root canals, but there have been few clinical attempts to determine the working width. In the absence of such that defines the original width and optimally prepared horizontal dimensions of canals, clinicians are making treatment decision without any support of scientific evidence.

Most of the research for the root canal instrumentation has not addressed the importance of the horizontal dimensions or working width of the root canal system. In preparing, the long oval or flat canals, the working width concept plays a more critical role that alerts the operator to the possibilities of incomplete root canal preparation.

The perspectives on the current concepts and techniques to handle working width -the horizontal dimension of the root canal system and its clinical implications are much needed. The goal of endodontic treatment is to clean, shape and fill the root canal space thoroughly to prevent apical and coronal leakage.

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Gutta-percha has been used in dentistry for over years, and in combination with sealers is the filling material of choice, but can be used in a variety of ways to fill the root canal system. The poster shows two of the obturation techniques and comparison between them. Gutta flow 2 is shown to be superior among the two in comparing there apical microleakage. The primary objective of the pulp therapy is to maintain the integrity and health of damaged teeth and there supporting tissues.

Direct pulp capping involves the application of a medicament, dressing or dental materials to the exposed pulp in an attempt to preserve the vitality. The rationale behind this treatment is to encourage the pulp to initiate the reparative dentin formation at the exposure site. Many materials have been advocated as pulp capping agents. Calcium hydroxide is being accepted as gold standard. These materials overcome the potential disadvantages associated with the calcium hydroxide such as its high solubility, subject to dissolution over time, no inherent adhesive qualities and poor seal.

The aim of this poster is to give an insight of these newer materials. The introduction of NiTi alloy for hand filing and later the launch of engine driven instruments have significantly altered the canal shaping procedure over past two decades. Several studies have concluded that none of the instrumentation techniques or devices currently used can completely clean root canals, especially curved roots. The thickness of the remaining dentine following intraradicular procedures may be the most important iatrogenic factor that correlates to incoming fracture resistance of the root.

Excessive flare of coronal third is not necessary, since flaring could considerably reduce the residual dentin leading to greater susceptibility to vertical root fractures. Moreover, preparation of the apical third can also reduce residual dentin resulting in weakened apical root structure. This is particularly important in a root with an oval cross section.

On the other hand, there are other studies that report dentin removal may not necessarily increase the risk of fracture and that there was no significant difference in fracture load between teeth prepared by SS hand instruments or those prepared by Ni-Ti rotary instruments. Regardless of the instrumentation technique, cleaning and shaping procedures invariably lead to dentine removal from the canal walls. Residual dentin thickness of all multitapered rotary and reciprocating instruments and single file rotary instruments show that they remove less dentin as compared to hand instruments.

There has been a paradigm shifted in cariology with greater emphasis on promotion of remineralization of early caries using therapeutic agents rather than restorative treatment. This is possible only when caries lesions are detected at an incipient stage at which implementation of caries therapeutic regimes would enable early caries lesions to be remineralized before the need for restorative intervention. Current techniques like visual, tactile and radiographs do not have sufficient sensitivity and specificity not to mention operator bias.

New diagnostic modalities allow early lesions of caries to be quantified, thereby creating the opportunity to monitor caries progression, or resolution by remineralization. To implement this concept of preventative approach to the management of caries, it is important to keep abreast of developments in diagnostic systems.

In narrow and round canals this goal can easily be achieved. Nevertheless, oval canals present a challenge that requires some additional considerations. Cleaning and shaping of such oval canals represent the first challenge, as debris remaining in or packed into un-instrumented recesses may prevent adequate 3D adaptation of the root filling to the canal walls. Various methods that are designed to allow effective cleaning of these areas and problems and solutions to achieve good 3D obturation of oval canals will be discussed.

Today the biological perception of vital pulp therapy associated with deep caries takes into account the treatment and evaluation of the unexposed pulp with the maintenance of a dentine barrier toward the pulp; and the exposed pulp. Traditionally, the indication for the treatment of deep caries has been the same, but the excavation procedures aiming to avoid pulp exposure has been chosen or more pulp invasive treatments such as pulp capping or pulpotomy. There is a treatment variation for patients having a deep caries lesion, which is not optimal.

We choose partial or complete caries excavation or we select pulp capping or pulpectomy in adults? The poster aims to discuss the status of vital pulp therapy and deep caries in adults. A newly developed self-adjusting file SAF was designed to address the shortcomings of traditional rotary files by adjusting itself to the canal cross section. This instrument consists of a compressible opened NiTi tube that, on placement into a root canal, will exert pressure against the canal wall. The SAF is used in an in-and-out motion powered by a handpiece and under constant irrigation.

The SAF represents a new approach in endodontic rotary file design and operation. Successful root canal treatment is dependent on effective debridement and shaping of the root canal system. The lack of glide path establishment and enlargement is often the cause of ledge formation, transportation, blockage of root canals followed by obturation short of the apical constricture.

The aim of this study was to compare the changes in the root canal anatomy after creation of glide path in mandibular first molars using two different NiTi rotary instruments with stainless steel instruments. The technical outcomes were compared at 0, 1, 2, 3, 5 and 7mm intervals. The results were statistically analyzed using t-test and Chi-square test. There was a statistical difference between the root canal curvatures and working time between the two groups P 0. The changes in the volume were statistically significant only at 2mm interval P 0.

Smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the world. It is estimated that 6 million people die every year due to tobacco products, out of which almost 6,00, death are of secondary or passive smokers. Smoking is the only legal product that kills on following instruction. Light has been used as a therapeutic agent for many centuries. The earliest use of an exogenous photo sensitizer to absorb light and render a therapeutic effect dates back toB.

Since then many potential applications for using light for therapeutic purposes came into the limelight. One such application of use of light energy is the laser science. Photodynamic therapy also known as photo radiation therapy, photo therapy or photo chemo-therapy involves the use of photoactive dye photo sensitizer that is activated by the exposure to light of specific wavelength in the presence of oxygen.

The transfer of energy from the activated photo sensitizer to available oxygen results in the formation of toxic oxygen species such as singlet oxygen and free radicals. These very reactive species can damage proteins, lipids, nucleic acids and other cellular components. Applications of photodynamic therapy are growing rapidly: treatment of premalignant lesions and oral cancer, bacterial and fungal infection therapies and the photodynamic diagnosis of malignant transformation of oral lesions.

It also represents a therapeutic approach in management of oral biofilms. The absence of genotoxic and mutagenic effects of photodynamic therapy are an important factor for long term safety. This poster highlights the mechanism, physics, indications, contraindications, advantages and disadvantages of use of photodynamic therapy pertaining to the oral cavity.

Nickel-titanium NiTi rotary instruments are commonly used for endodontic practice to improve root canal preparations. These instruments offer many advantages as they are more flexible and have increased cutting efficiency and superelasticity of these instruments allows the clinicians to produce the desirable tapered root canal form with a reduced tendency to canal transportation. In clinical practice these instruments are associated with an increased risk of fracture, mainly because of failure by fatigue and torsional shear stresses.

Recently, NiTi instruments were introduced that advocated the concepts of reciprocation. These are manufactured with M-Wire NiTi alloy. They claim to shape the root canal with only one file thus saving time. Thus, it seems that the reciprocatory motion appears to be advantageous as compared to the rotary instrumentation. The success of any prosthodontics treatment modality relies, to a large extent on accurate replication of the substrate. For more than years, impression materials have been optimized for improved replication.

However, as good as the enhancements to these impression materials have been, patient comfort in the new millennium is foremost in trend design for dental products. Consequently, digitalization in the area of dental impressions has developed in full earnest.

Digital approaches were created to circumvent the traditional obstacles of the existing impression materials. Dedicated digital impression system eliminate cumbersome dental task, such as selecting trays, preparing and using materials , disinfecting impressions and sending impressions to the laboratory. It can be anticipated that software developments and refinements will continue in the areas of scanning and imaging of preparations and laboratory in process images during the creation of restoration.

A post is used to retain the coronal restoration when significant amount of coronal toth structure is mising. Previously rigid metal posts were used which resisted the lateral forces without distortion but resulted in stres transfer to the les rigid dentin causing rot cracking and fracture.

To compare the compressive strength of Nano ionomer with Composite resin and light cure glass ionomer cement. Retreatment is an attempt to re-establish healthy periapical tissues after inefficient treatment or reinfection of an obturated canal because of coronal or apical leakage. Aim: To compare the efficacy of R-Endo, Mtwo retreatment and Protaper D Files for the removal of gutt precha using cone beam computed tomography and stereomicroscope. This poster aims to present the outcome of non — surgical root canal treatment.

A review of literature on the methodology and approaches available to assess root canal retreatment outcome are analysed. Strategy for prediction of the prognosis following root canal retreatment and retreatment protocols in the literature are discussed. One of the most challenging pulpo pathological condition is resorption. Internal and External resorption signifies a complex pathological intraction of cells of pulp periradicular and periodontal tissues.

Three case reports describing management of internal and external resorption with two year follow up using CBCT. CBCT is contemporary radiological imaging system in which there is enhance appreciation of the anatomy being assessed hence there is improved detection of the endodontic disease resulting in more effective treatment planning.. Cleaning and disinfection, the greatest challenge in endodontics. Photon induced photoacoustic streaming [ PIPS] — available only with Fontona lasers is a revolutionary method for cleaning and debriding the root canal system using Er:YAG laser energy at sub-ablative power levels.

The containment of the shockwaves thoroughly streams the solutions through the entire canal system, enhancing their effectiveness. The canals and subcanals are left clean and the dentinal tubules are free of smear layer. Moreover, with the trend toward more conservative canal preparation and single instrumentation techniques, canal disinfection with an irrigating needle that cannot deliver sufficient volume to the canal terminus, PIPS seems likely to remove the gross canal enlargement impediment.

The fact that the PIPS photoacoustic effect does not create thermal damage and will travel 3-dimensionally wherever there is fluid, makes it advantageous as a treatment modality for removing biofilms. What is a glide path? Does it help in root canal procedure? Glide-path is a smooth radicular tunnel from canal orifice to physiologic terminus foraminal constriction.

The Glidepath must be discovered if already present in the endodontic anatomy or prepared if it is not present. Glide path creation is essential for prevention of rotary file separation and most effective rotary use. Creating an. Glidepath can be further described as a manual glide path created with handfiles, or a mechanical glide path created with rotary files.

Routine glide path establishment and enlargement with glide path files can increase the lifespan of rotary instruments with a reduced risk of instrument fracture. Aim is to provide information about glide path with which we can maintain the original canal anatomy with less modification of canal curvature and fewer canal aberrations. Endodontists have frequently boasted they can do much of their work blindfolded simply because there is "nothing to see.

The most important revolution has been the introduction and then the widespread adoption of the ultrasonics, microsurgical instruments and operating microscope. These developments have improved the precision with which endodontics can be performed. These advances have enabled clinicians to complete procedures which were once considered impossible or which could be performed only by extremely talented or lucky clinicians. Since the late s, the use of ultrasonic technology has become a staple in endodontic practices around the world for hygiene and periodontal procedures. More recently, endodontists have introduced us to the clinical advantages of their use in root canal therapy, and are just beginning to see their effectiveness for endo-restorative and micro-restorative work.

The purpose of this poster is to review the consortium between ultrasonic and magnification. More recently endodontists have introduced us to the clinical advantages of their use in root canal therapy and we are just begining to see their effectiveness for endo-restorative and micro-restorative work. This poster will review the expanded function that ultrasonic technology has taken in root canal therapy; their current clinical uses and advantages in both ultrasonic equipments and tips; and some of the science behind the technology. Antibiotics have been the miracle drugs of modern medicine that are often prescribed to kill or stop the growth of micro-organisms.

As antibiotics possess potential killing and inhibitory properties over bacteria and other microorganisms, when these microorganisms grow the ability to survive with the lethal doses of an antibiotic drugs, it is called Antibiotic Resistance. As every living being in this world either plant or animal is going through and will go through continuous changing in genetic coding, the genetic material of microorganisms is also going through spontaneous changing or mutation.

As a result, these bacteria are not only upgrading with new genetic material but also improving their resistance to fight against antibiotics. Antibiotic resistance is an environmental or biological pressure for bacteria to keep their existence from extinct. So if a microorganism fails to find out the survival techniques today, the next generation will obviously discover the techniques with improved genetic model and the drugs that we are using now may not work in future.

As the potential drugs are losing effectiveness, the misuse or overuse of these drugs may lead us to a day when we will not find any alternative to stop these microorganisms. Secondhand smoke SHS or environmental tobacco smoke refers to the passive inhalation of smoke generated by consumption of various smoked forms of tobacco. The active and passive smoke both almost have similar compositioncontaining over chemicals, most of them being chemical irritants and carcinogens.

Recent scientific research suggests association between various prenatal and postnatal health issues and SHS exposure. Low birth weight and decreased in-utero brain growth are two major proposed effects of prenatal tobacco smoke exposure on child neurodevelopment. Additionally both prenatal and postnatal exposure is remarkably consistent in showing associations with increased incidences of behavioural problems, including irritability, oppositional defiant behaviour, conduct disorders and attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.

Also exposure to secondhand smoke in infants and children is known to cause sudden infant death syndrome SIDS , acute lower respiratory infections such as bronchitis and pneumonia, increase in frequency and severity of asthma attacks, respiratory symptoms, including cough, phlegm, wheeze, and breathlessness and increased risk for ear infections.

Hence, the suggestive evidences show a causal relationship between secondhand smoke and adverse outcomes in children, straining on the requirement of a smoke-free environment for a healthier future. The temporomandibular disorders TMDs are a heterogeneous group of painful musculoskeletal conditions that include masticatory muscle pain. TMD is a common condition but its etiology is poorly understood.

Although TMD can be quite disabling, most patients presenting with symptoms improve regardless of treatment type. In the past year, physical therapy has been increasingly advocated as a standard part of the multidisciplinary approach in treating temporomandibular disorders.

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The primary role of physical therapy in the treatment of patients suffering from chronic pain is aimed at functional physical restoration. Within the sphere of practice, we as oral physicians have to expertise to advocate a wide choice of physical agents frequently referred to as physical modalities that may be used to attenuate pain.

This poster focuses on the physiotherapeutic management of TMDs. Imaging is an important diagnostic adjunct o the clinical asesment of the dental patient. The introduction of panoramic radiography in the s and its widespread adoption throughout the s and s heralded major progres in dental radiology. However, Intraoral and extraoral procedures, used individualy or in combination, sufer from the same inherent limitations of al planar two-dimensional 2D projections: magnification, distortion, superimposition, and misrepresentation of structures.

The Inferior & Serving Sreelatha - Two-Novels-in-One-Novel

Numerous eforts have ben made toward thre-dimensional 3D radiographic imaging eg stereoscopy, tuned aperture CT and although CT has ben available, its application in dentistry has ben limited because of cost, aces, and dose considerations. The introduction of cone-beam computed tomography CBCT specificaly dedicated to imaging the maxilofacial region heralds a true paradigm shift from a 2D to a 3D approach to data acquisition and image reconstruction.

CBCT imaging provides comprehensive data and the ability to dynamicaly manipulate that data, viewing anatomy from multiple perspectives. CBCT images can provide cros-sectional buco-lingual , axial, coronal, sagital, and panoramic views. CBCT can be performed within a second range therefore beneficial in extremely uncoperative pediatric patients who are unable to hold stil for a period of time.

Anil Dhingra, Anil K. Complete obliteration of the root canal system and development of a fluid tight seal are among the most important factors of success endodontic treatment. Most endodontic failures are due to inadequate cleaning and shaping or insufficient obturation. Endodontic surgery is thought to be a therapy of last resort and has advanced in recent years to increase the clinician ability to achieve more predictably successful clinical outcomes.

When used they stimulates the healing of periradicular tissue to almost normal condition.

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Thus it shows favourable sealing ability against leakage and superior marginal adaptability. The objective of this poster is to present the effectiveness of combined therapy of cancer utilizing radiation, chemotherapy, and hyperthermia only, avoiding the surgical modality. Hyperthermia increases blood flow to the warmed area, doubling the perfusion in tumors, which enhances the delivery of medications. Hyperthermia also increases oxygen delivery to the area, which may make radiation more likely to damage and kill cells, as well as prevent cells from repairing the damage induced during the radiation session.

This poster deals with the principles, indications, advantages, disadvantages of this new revolutionary technology in the treatment of oral cancer. The endodontist is in dilemma today because of single-file systems. Use of only one instrument to shape and clean root canals is very useful and easy knowledge regarding the properties and working of these single-file systems are few. Two different concepts of these single-file systems are in endodontics, one instruments which are used in a reciprocal motion and are made of a special nickel-titanium alloy called alpha M-wire and instruments made of conventional NiTi alloy used in a full clockwise rotation.

The poster aims to compare their shaping ability, safety, and cleaning effectiveness. Ozone is a triatomic molecule, consisting of three oxygen atoms. It is an allotrope of oxygen that is much less stable than the diatomic allotrope O2. Ozone is a powerful oxidizing agent, far more stronger than O2.

Gingivitis and periodontitis are characterized by a local hypoxia of tissues and also by presence of various microbial florae. Both gaseous and aqueous ozone application may have potential as an adjunct to mechanical treatment in periodontitis patients. The beneficial biological effects of ozone, its anti-microbial activity, oxidation of microbial toxins implicated in periodontal diseases, immune modulating, healing and tissue regeneration properties, makes the use of ozone well indicated in all stages of gingival and periodontal diseases. The use of ozone around implants shows that ozone not only effectively sterilizes the surfaces of both the implant and bone, but also switches on the reparative mechanisms allowing tissue regeneration around implant surfaces.

Irrigation of surgical site with ozonated water speeds healing and reduce possibility of infection. The treatment is completely painless and increases the patients' acceptability and compliance with minimal adverse effects. This poster highlights the applications of Ozone therapy as a novel approach to treatment of periodontal diseases offering an alternative to conventional treatment.

There is growing evidence that Human Papillomavirus HPV may act as a co-carcinogen, along with tobacco in the causation of oral cancers. Overexpression of p16 has been demonstrated to be strongly related to the presence of HPV. Shankargouda Patil, Roopa. Rao, Premalatha B. Pedodontists aim to detect caries as early as possible and treat it by minimally invasive techniques.

Progression of caries in primary teeth is faster than in permanent teeth and therefore a fast, accurate and non invasive diagnostic aid is imperative in pediatric dentistry practice. Present imaging techniques have limitations in that, they cannot capture images of non-cavitated lesions on the tooth surface. Optical Coherence Tomography OCT is a non invasive, non destructive cross sectional imaging technique that can provide 2D or 3D images with resolution as low as the single micron level.

The scans can quantitatively and qualitatively visualize and document the process of demineralization and remineralization of carious lesions. OCT can not only promote early detection of caries at incipient stage but monitor its regression with therapeutic agents or improved oral hygiene thereby quantifying process of remineralization. It thus determines the effectiveness of preventive measures by quantitatively monitoring the changes in mineral status of the caries over time.

Visual indication and quantification of the progress in the treatment acts as a motivation factor for the patient for adopting and following an improved oral hygiene regime and return for regular recall visit.

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The e-poster aims to shed light on this device that can meet the challenges of prevention and early intervention in minimally invasive dentistry. In recent years, progress in understanding and regulating the natural immune system has led to the research and development of new treatments for blood cancers called immunotherapies. This observation has led to more research to learn how immune cells might help us to treat cancer. This fact sheet provides information about the different types of immunotherapies and their roles in the treatment of blood cancers.

Immunotherapies are relatively new and promising treatment options for patients with blood cancers. Their development is based on the concept that immune cells or their products, such as antibodies, can be engineered to recognize and kill cancer cells.