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Is this place or activity suitable for all ages? Thanks for helping! Share another experience before you go. Reviews Write a Review. Filter reviews. Traveler rating. Excellent Very good 4. Average 2. Poor 0. Terrible 0. Traveler type. Time of year. Language English. All languages. English Show reviews that mention. All reviews rock shop interesting things geodes minerals collection rocks cactus species. Selected filters. Updating list Reviewed April 24, Many stones and cactus to view. Date of experience: April Thank Romingabout.
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Nearby Hotels See all 8 nearby hotels. When the skip throws the vice-skip takes his or her role. The skip , or the captain of the team, determines the desired stone placement and the required weight , turn , and line that will allow the stone to stop there. The placement will be influenced by the tactics at this point in the game, which may involve taking out, blocking or tapping another stone. The skip may communicate the weight , turn , line, and other tactics by calling or tapping a broom on the ice.
In the case of a takeout, guard, or a tap, the skip will indicate the stones involved. Before delivery, the running surface of the stone is wiped clean and the path across the ice swept with the broom if necessary, because any dirt on the bottom of a stone or in its path can alter the trajectory and ruin the shot. Intrusion by a foreign object is called a pick-up or pick. The thrower starts from the hack.
The thrower's gripper shoe with the non-slippery sole is positioned against one of the hacks; for a right-handed curler the right foot is placed against the left hack and vice versa for a left-hander. The thrower, now in the hack , lines the body up with shoulders square to the skip's broom at the far end for line.
The stone is placed in front of the foot now in the hack. Rising slightly from the hack, the thrower pulls the stone back some older curlers may actually raise the stone in this backward movement then lunges smoothly out from the hack pushing the stone ahead while the slider foot is moved in front of the gripper foot, which trails behind. The thrust from this lunge determines the weight and hence the distance the stone will travel. Balance may be assisted by a broom held in the free hand with the back of the broom down so that it slides.
One older writer suggests the player keep "a basilisk glance" at the mark. There are two common types of delivery currently, the typical flat-foot delivery and the Manitoba tuck delivery where the curler slides on the front ball of his foot. When the player releases the stone a rotation called the turn is imparted by a slight clockwise or counter-clockwise twist of the handle from around the two or ten o'clock position to the twelve o'clock on release.
The stone must be released before its front edge crosses the near hog line, and it must clear the far hog line or else be removed from play hogged ; an exception is made if a stone fails to come to rest beyond the far hog line after rebounding from a stone in play just past the hog line. In major tournaments the "eye on the hog" sensor is commonly used to enforce this rule.
The sensor is in the handle of the stone and will indicate whether the stone was released before the near hog line. The lights on the stone handle will either light up green, indicating that the stone has been legally thrown, or red, in which case the illegally thrown stone will be immediately pulled from play instead of waiting for the stone to come to rest. After the stone is delivered, its trajectory is influenced by the two sweepers under instruction from the skip.
Sweeping is done for several reasons: to make the stone travel farther, to decrease the amount of curl, and to clean debris from the stone's path. The stones curl more as they slow down, so sweeping early in travel tends to increase distance as well as straighten the path, and sweeping after sideways motion is established can increase the sideways distance.
One of the basic technical aspects of curling is knowing when to sweep. When the ice in front of the stone is swept a stone will usually travel both farther and straighter and in some situations one of those is not desirable. For example, a stone may be traveling too fast said to have too much weight but require sweeping to prevent curling into another stone. The team must decide which is better: getting by the other stone but traveling too far or hitting the stone. Much of the yelling that goes on during a curling game are the skip and sweepers exchanging information about the stone's line and weight and deciding whether to sweep.
The skip evaluates the path of the stone and calls to the sweepers to sweep as necessary to maintain the intended track. The sweepers themselves are responsible for judging the weight of the stone, ensuring the length of travel is correct and communicating the weight of the stone back to the skip. Many teams use a number system to communicate in which of 10 zones the sweepers estimate the stone will stop. Some sweepers use stopwatches to time the stone from the back line or tee line to the nearest hog line to aid in estimating how far the stone will travel.
Usually, the two sweepers will be on opposite sides of the stone's path, although depending on which side the sweepers' strengths lie this may not always be the case. Speed and pressure are vital to sweeping. In gripping the broom, one hand should be one third of the way from the top non-brush end of the handle while the other hand should be one third of the way from the head of the broom. The angle of the broom to the ice should be so that the most force possible can be exerted on the ice. The precise amount of pressure may vary from relatively light brushing "just cleaning" - to ensure debris will not alter the stone's path to maximum-pressure scrubbing.
Sweeping is allowed anywhere on the ice up to the tee line , once the leading edge of a stone crosses the tee line only one player may sweep it. Additionally, if a stone is behind the tee line one player from the opposing team is allowed to sweep it.
This is the only case that a stone may be swept by an opposing team member. In international rules, this player must be the skip; or if the skip is throwing, then the sweeping player must be the third. Occasionally, players may accidentally touch a stone with their broom or a body part. This is often referred to as burning a stone.
Players touching a stone in such a manner are expected to call their own infraction as a matter of good sportsmanship. Touching a stationary stone when no stones are in motion there is no delivery in progress is not an infraction as long as the stone is struck in such a manner that its position is altered, and is a common way for the skip to indicate a stone that is to be taken out. When a stone is touched when stones are in play, the remedies vary   between leaving the stones as they end up after the touch, replacing the stones as they would have been if no stone were touched, or removal of the touched stone from play.
In non-officiated league play, the skip of the non-offending team has the final say on where the stones are placed after the infraction. Many different types of shots are used to carefully place stones for strategic or tactical reasons; they fall into three fundamental categories as follows:. Guards are thrown in front of the house in the free guard zone , usually to protect a stone or to make the opposing team's shot difficult.
Guard shots include the centre-guard , on the centreline and the corner-guards to the left or right sides of the centre line. See Free Guard Zone below. Draws are thrown only to reach the house. Draw shots include raise , come-around , and freeze shots. Takeouts are intended to remove stones from play and include the peel , hit-and-roll and double shots. For a more complete listing, see Glossary of curling terms.
The free guard zone is the area of the curling sheet between the hog line and tee line, excluding the house. Until five stones have been played three from the side without hammer, and two from the side with hammer , stones in the free guard zone may not be removed by an opponent's stone, although they can be moved within the playing area.
If a stone in the free guard zone is knocked out of play, it is placed back in the position it was in before the shot was thrown and the opponent's stone is removed from play. This rule is known as the five-rock rule or the free guard zone rule previous versions of the free guard zone rule only limited removing guards from play in the first three or four rocks. This rule, a relatively recent addition to curling, was added in response to a strategy by teams of gaining a lead in the game and then peeling all of the opponents' stones knocking them out of play at an angle that caused the shooter's stone to also roll out of play, leaving no stones on the ice.
By knocking all stones out the opponents could at best score one point, if they had the last stone of the end called the hammer. If the team peeling the rocks had the hammer they could peel rock after rock which would blank the end leave the end scoreless , keeping the last rock advantage for another end. This strategy had developed mostly in Canada as ice-makers had become skilled at creating a predictable ice surface and newer brushes allowed greater control over the rock. While a sound strategy, this made for an unexciting game. Observers at the time noted that if two teams equally skilled in the peel game faced each other on good ice, the outcome of the game would be predictable from who won the coin flip to have last rock or had earned it in the schedule at the beginning of the game.
The Brier Canadian men's championship was considered by many curling fans as boring to watch because of the amount of peeling and the quick adoption of the free guard zone rule the following year reflected how disliked this aspect of the game had become. The free guard zone rule was originally called the Modified Moncton Rule and was developed from a suggestion made by Russ Howard for the Moncton cashspiel in Moncton , New Brunswick , in January This method of play was altered by restricting the area in which a stone was protected to the free guard zone only for the first four rocks thrown and adopted as a four-rock free guard zone rule for international competition shortly after.
Canada kept to the traditional rules until a three-rock free guard zone rule was adopted for the —94 season. After several years of having the three-rock rule used for the Canadian championships and the winners then having to adjust to the four-rock rule in the World Championships, the Canadian Curling Association adopted the four-rock free guard zone in the — season.
One strategy that has been developed by curlers in response to the free guard zone Kevin Martin from Alberta is one of the best examples is the "tick" game, where a shot is made attempting to knock tick the guard to the side, far enough that it is difficult or impossible to use but still remaining in play while the shot itself goes out of play.
The effect is functionally identical to peeling the guard but significantly harder, as a shot that hits the guard too hard knocking it out of play results in its being replaced, while not hitting it hard enough can result in it still being tactically useful for the opposition. There is also a greater chance that the shot will miss the guard entirely because of the greater accuracy required to make the shot.
Because of the difficulty of making this type of shot, only the best teams will normally attempt it, and it does not dominate the game the way the peel formerly did. Steve Gould from Manitoba popularized ticks played across the face of the guard stone. These are easier to make because they impart less speed on the object stone, therefore increasing the chance that it remains in play even if a bigger chunk of it is hit. With the tick shot reducing the effectiveness of the four-rock rule, the Grand Slam of Curling series of bonspiels adopted a five-rock rule in The last rock in an end is called the hammer and throwing the hammer gives a team a tactical advantage.
Before the game, teams typically decide who gets the hammer in the first end either by chance such as a coin toss , by a "draw-to-the-button" contest, where a representative of each team shoots to see who gets closer to the centre of the rings, or, particularly in tournament settings like the Winter Olympics, by a comparison of each team's win-loss record.
In all subsequent ends the team that did not score in the preceding end gets to throw second, thus having the hammer. In the event that neither team scores, called a blanked end , the hammer remains with the same team. Naturally, it is easier to score points with the hammer than without; the team with the hammer generally tries to score two or more points.
If only one point is possible, the skip may try to avoid scoring at all in order to retain the hammer the next end, giving the team another chance to use the hammer advantage to try to score two points. Scoring without the hammer is commonly referred to as stealing , or a steal , and is much more difficult. Curling is a game of strategy, tactics and skill. The strategy depends on the team's skill, the opponent's skill, the conditions of the ice, the score of the game, how many ends remain and whether the team has last-stone advantage the hammer. A team may play an end aggressively or defensively.
Aggressive playing will put a lot of stones in play by throwing mostly draws; this makes for an exciting game and is very risky but the reward can be very great. Defensive playing will throw a lot of hits preventing a lot of stones in play; this tends to be less exciting and less risky. A good drawing team will usually opt to play aggressively, while a good hitting team will opt to play defensively. If a team does not have the hammer in an end, it will opt to try to clog up the four-foot zone in the house to deny the opposing team access to the button.
This can be done by throwing "centre line" guards in front of the house on the centre line, which can be tapped into the house later or drawn around. If a team has the hammer, they will try to keep this four-foot zone free so that they have access to the button area at all times. A team with the hammer may throw a corner guard as their first stone of an end placed in front of the house but outside the four-foot zone to utilize the free guard zone.
Corner guards are key for a team to score two points in an end, because they can either draw around it later or hit and roll behind it, making the opposing team's shot to remove it more difficult. Ideally, the strategy in an end for a team with the hammer is to score two points or more. Scoring one point is often a wasted opportunity, as they will then lose last-rock advantage for the next end. If a team cannot score two points, they will often attempt to "blank an end" by removing any leftover opposition rocks and rolling out; or, if there are no opposition rocks, just throwing the rock through the house so that no team scores any points, and the team with the hammer can try again the next end to score two or more with it.
Generally, a team without the hammer would want to either force the team with the hammer to only one point so that they can get the hammer back or "steal" the end by scoring one or more points of their own. Generally, the larger the lead a team will have in a game, the more defensively they should play. By hitting all of the opponent's stones, it removes opportunities for their getting multiple points, therefore defending the lead. If the leading team is quite comfortable, leaving their own stones in play can also be dangerous. Guards can be drawn around by the other team, and stones in the house can be tapped back if they are in front of the tee line or frozen onto if they are behind the tee line.
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A frozen stone is difficult to remove, because it is "frozen" in front of and touching to the opponents stone. At this point, a team will opt for "peels", meaning that the stones they throw will be to not only hit their opposition stones, but to roll out of play as well. Peels are hits that are thrown with the most amount of power. It is not uncommon at any level for a losing team to terminate the match before all ends are completed if it believes it no longer has a realistic chance of winning.
Competitive games end once the losing team has "run out of rocks"—that is, once it has fewer stones in play and available for play than the number of points needed to tie the game. Most decisions about rules are left to the skips, although in official tournaments, decisions may be left to the officials. However, all scoring disputes are handled by the vice skip.
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No players other than the vice skip from each team should be in the house while score is being determined. In tournament play, the most frequent circumstance in which a decision has to be made by someone other than the vice skip is the failure of the vice skips to agree on which stone is closest to the button. An independent official supervisor at Canadian and World championships then measures the distances using a specially designed device that pivots at the centre of the button. When no independent officials are available, the vice skips measure the distances. The winner is the team having the highest number of accumulated points at the completion of ten ends.
Points are scored at the conclusion of each of these ends as follows: when each team has thrown its eight stones, the team with the stone closest to the button wins that end; the winning team is then awarded one point for each of its own stones lying closer to the button than the opponent's closest stone. Only stones that are in the house are considered in the scoring. A stone is in the house if it lies within the foot 3. Since the bottom of the stone is rounded, a stone just barely in the house will not have any actual contact with the ring, which will pass under the rounded edge of the stone, but it still counts.
This type of stone is known as a biter. It may not be obvious to the eye which of two rocks is closer to the button centre or if a rock is actually biting or not. There are specialized devices to make these determinations, but these cannot be brought out until after an end is completed. Therefore, a team may make strategic decisions during an end based on assumptions of rock position that turn out to be incorrect. The score is marked on a scoreboard , of which there are two types; the baseball type and the club scoreboard.
The baseball-style scoreboard was created for televised games for audiences not familiar with the club scoreboard. The ends are marked by columns 1 through 10 or 11 for the possibility of an extra end to break ties plus an additional column for the total. Below this are two rows, one for each team, containing the team's score for that end and their total score in the right hand column. The club scoreboard is traditional and used in most curling clubs. Scoring on this board only requires the use of up to 11 digit cards, whereas with baseball-type scoring an unknown number of multiples of the digits especially low digits like 1 may be needed.
The numbered centre row represents all possible accumulated scores, and the numbers placed in the team rows represent the end in which that team achieved that cumulative score. If the red team scores three points in the first end called a three-ender , then a 1 indicating the first end is placed beside the number 3 in the red row. This scoreboard works because only one team can get points in an end. However, some confusion may arise if neither team scores points in an end, this is called a blank end.
The blank end numbers are usually listed in the farthest column on the right in the row of the team that has the hammer last rock advantage , or on a special spot for blank ends. The following example illustrates the difference between the two types. The example illustrates the men's final at the Winter Olympics. Eight points — all the rocks thrown by one team counting — is the highest score possible in an end, and is known as an " eight-ender " or "snowman". Scoring an eight-ender against a relatively competent team is very difficult; in curling, it is considered the equivalent of pitching a perfect game in baseball.
Probably the best-known snowman came at the Players' Championships. Competition teams are normally named after the skip, for example, Team Martin after skip Kevin Martin. Amateur league players can and do creatively name their teams, but when in competition a bonspiel the official team will have a standard name.
Top curling championships are typically played by all-male or all-female teams. It is known as mixed curling when a team consists of two men and two women. For many years, in the absence of world championship or Olympic mixed curling events, national championships of which the Canadian Mixed Curling Championship was the most prominent were the highest-level mixed curling competitions.
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A mixed tournament was held at the Olympic level for the first time in , although it was a doubles tournament, not a four-person. Curling tournaments may use the Schenkel system for determining the participants in matches. Curling is played in many countries, including Canada, the United Kingdom especially Scotland , the United States, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, Denmark, Finland and Japan, all of which compete in the world championships.
Curling is particularly popular in Canada. Improvements in ice making and changes in the rules to increase scoring and promote complex strategy have increased the already high popularity of the sport in Canada, and large television audiences watch annual curling telecasts, especially the Scotties Tournament of Hearts the national championship for women , the Tim Hortons Brier the national championship for men , and the women's and men's world championships. Despite the Canadian province of Manitoba 's small population ranked 5th of 10 Canadian provinces , Manitoban teams have won the Brier more times than teams from any other province.
The Tournament of Hearts and the Brier are contested by provincial and territorial champions, and the world championships by national champions. Curling is the provincial sport of Saskatchewan. From there Ernie Richardson and his family team dominated Canadian and international curling during the late s and early s and have been considered to be the best male curlers of all time. When she died two years later from cancer , over 15, people attended her funeral, and it was broadcast on national television.
More so than in many other team sports, good sportsmanship, often referred to as the "Spirit of Curling", is an integral part of curling. The Spirit of Curling also leads teams to congratulate their opponents for making a good shot, strong sweeping or spectacular form. Perhaps most importantly, the Spirit of Curling dictates that one never cheers mistakes, misses or gaffes by one's opponent unlike most team sports and one should not celebrate one's own good shots during the game beyond modest acknowledgement of the shot such as a head nod, fist bump or thumbs-up gesture.
Modest congratulation, however, may be exchanged between winning team members after the match. On-the-ice celebration is usually reserved for the winners of a major tournament after winning the final game of the championship. It is completely unacceptable to attempt to throw opposing players off their game by way of negative comment, distraction or heckling. A match traditionally begins with players shaking hands with and saying "good curling" or "have a pleasant game" to each member of the opposing team. It is also traditional in some areas for the winning team to buy the losing team a drink after the game.
It is not uncommon for a team to concede a curling match after it believes it no longer has any hope of winning. Concession is an honourable act and does not carry the stigma associated with quitting, and also allows for more socializing. To concede a match, members of the losing team offer congratulatory handshakes to the winning team. Thanks, wishes of future good luck and hugs are usually exchanged between the teams. To continue playing when a team has no realistic chance of winning can be seen as a breach of etiquette.
Curling has been adapted for wheelchair users and people otherwise unable to throw the stone from the hack. These curlers may use a device known as a "delivery stick". The cue holds on to the handle of the stone and is then pushed along by the curler. At the end of delivery, the curler pulls back on the cue, which releases it from the stone.
The delivery stick was specifically invented for elderly curlers in Canada in The ice in the game may be fast keen or slow. If the ice is keen, a rock will travel farther with a given amount of weight throwing force on it. The speed of the ice is measured in seconds. One such measure, known as "hog-to-hog" time, is the speed of the stone and is the time in seconds the rock takes from the moment it crosses the near hog line until it crosses the far hog line.
If this number is lower, the rock is moving faster, so again low numbers mean more speed. The ice in a match will be somewhat consistent and thus this measure of speed can also be used to measure how far down the ice the rock will travel. Once it is determined that a rock taking for example 13 seconds to go from hog line to hog line will stop on the tee line, the curler can know that if the hog-to-hog time is matched by a future stone, that stone will likely stop at approximately the same location. As an example, on keen ice, common times might be 16 seconds for guards, 14 seconds for draws, and 8 seconds for peel weight.
The back line to hog line speed is used principally by sweepers to get an initial sense of the weight of a stone. As an example, on keen ice, common times might be 4. Especially at the club level, this metric can be misleading, due to amateurs sometimes pushing stones on release, causing the stone to travel faster than the back-to-hog speed.
In the 19th century several private railway stations in the United Kingdom were built to serve curlers attending bonspiels , such as those at Aboyne , Carsbreck and Drummuir. The Beatles participate in a game of curling during one scene of their film Help! The villains booby-trap one of the curling stones with a bomb; George sees the "fiendish thingy" and tells everyone to run.
The bomb eventually goes off after a delay, creating a big hole in the ice. Curling is featured prominently in " Boy Meets Curl ", the twelfth episode of the comedy series The Simpsons ' twenty-first season. The episode aired on the Fox network in the United States on 14 February Men with Brooms is a Canadian film that takes a satirical look at curling. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Team sport played on ice. This article is about the sport. For other uses, see Curling disambiguation. Not to be confused with hurling. This article needs additional citations for verification.
Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Curling games taking place during the Tim Hortons Brier. First event in retroactively made official in Demonstration sport in , and Officially added in Main article: Curling at the Winter Olympics. This section needs additional citations for verification. Main article: Wheelchair curling. For an extensive glossary of terminology, see Glossary of curling. Main article: Lists of curling clubs. Notable curling clubs. Paul, Minnesota — Founded in Club with largest active membership in the United States over members.
Scotland portal Sports portal Olympics portal. Archived from the original on 2 March Archived from the original on 25 February Retrieved 4 August Princeton Allumni Weekly. Archived from the original on 23 July Retrieved 10 October The Curling News. Archived from the original on 15 May Wisconsin Historical Society. Archived from the original on 5 November Retrieved 14 October Retrieved 15 February Scottish Curling.