Sometimes these coffins resembled houses or bathtubs with large handles. The Phoenicians developed a white marble anthropoid sarcophagus of the Egyptian type in the 5th century bce , and in Hellenistic times they specialized in making leaden coffins and elaborately carved marble sarcophagi.
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In Italy from about bce onward the Etruscans used both stone and terra-cotta sarcophagi, and after bce sculptured sarcophagi were used by the Romans. These often had carved figures of the deceased reclining on the couch-shaped lids. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind. Your contribution may be further edited by our staff, and its publication is subject to our final approval.
Here's what was inside the Egyptian sarcophagus that was opened on live TV - Business Insider
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Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. See Article History. Read More on This Topic. The imagery of sarcophagi followed an evolution similar to that of the catacomb paintings. The same biblical and Gospel subjects were introduced….
Learn More in these related Britannica articles:. The same biblical and Gospel subjects were introduced into pagan or neutral compositions. In the second or third quarter of the 3rd century, the oldest Christian sarcophagi were hardly distinguishable…. Sarcophagi with the sculptured figures of the husband and his wife reclining on the lids seem to have begun late in the 6th century, the date of the haunting sarcophagus from Caere Villa Giulia, Rome. Sarcophagi—used in many civilizations—were made of various materials: terra-cotta in Etruria, Greece, southern India prior to the 2nd century bce , and Japan; wood and stone in Japan; and marble in late Rome and in the Christian world.
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They are often richly decorated with symbolic or…. The Egyptian coffins, or sarcophagi, were the largest stone coffins known and were generally highly polished and covered with hieroglyphics that usually told a history of the deceased. Coffin, the receptacle in which a corpse is confined.
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The Greeks and Romans disposed of their dead both by burial and by cremation. Greek coffins were urn-shaped, hexagonal, or triangular, with the body arranged in a sitting posture. The material used was generally burnt clay and in some cases had…. History at your fingertips.
Sign up here to see what happened On This Day , every day in your inbox! By signing up, you agree to our Privacy Notice. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. More About Sarcophagus 5 references found in Britannica articles Assorted References art of painting In painting: Portraiture history of coffins In coffin sculpture In Western sculpture: Italy In Western sculpture: Sarcophagi use in death rites In ceremonial object: Objects used in rites of passage.
More Definitions for sarcophagus. See the full definition for sarcophagus in the English Language Learners Dictionary. Rhyming Dictionary: Words that rhyme with sarcophagus. Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for sarcophagus. Spanish Central: Translation of sarcophagus.
Thousands-year-old Egyptian sarcophagus opened on live TV
Nglish: Translation of sarcophagus for Spanish Speakers. What made you want to look up sarcophagus? Please tell us where you read or heard it including the quote, if possible. Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. Subscribe to America's largest dictionary and get thousands more definitions and advanced search—ad free! Whether it's a jaunt or a junket, remember sunblock.
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Ancient Egyptian Sarcophagus of High Priest Opened by Discovery Explorers Live on TV
Definition of sarcophagus. Synonyms Did You Know? Example Sentences Learn More about sarcophagus. Synonyms for sarcophagus Synonyms bier , box , casket , coffin , pall Visit the Thesaurus for More. Did You Know? Examples of sarcophagus in a Sentence the crypt under the abbey church contains the sarcophagus of the monastery's founding abbot. Recent Examples on the Web Mystery surrounded the sarcophagus since its discovery was announced last month.