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He was a student under L. Aelius Stilo Praeconinus, a scholar of the equestrian order, widely versed in Greek and Latin literature and especially interested in the history and antiquities of the Roman people. He studied philosophy at Athens, with Antiochus of Ascalon. With his tastes thus formed for scholarship, he none the less took part in public life, and was in the campaign against the rebel Sertorius in Spain, in He was an officer with Pompey in the war with the Cilician pirates in 67, and presumably also in Pompey s campaign against Mithradates.

He was pardoned by Caesar, and lived quietly at Rome, being appointed librarian of the great collection of Greek and Latin books which Caesar planned to make. But he himself escaped death by the devotion of friends, who concealed him, and he secured the protection of Octavian, vii. Throughout his life he wrote assiduously. His works number seventy-four, amounting to about six hundred and twenty books ; they cover virtually all fields of human thought : agriculture, grammar, the history and antiquities of Rome, geography, law, rhetoric, philosophy, mathematics and astronomy, education, the history of literature and the drama, satires, poems, orations, letters.

Of all these only one, his De Re Rustica or Treatise on Agriculture, in three books, has reached us complete. The other works are represented by scattered fragments only. De Antiquitate Litierarum, in two books, addressed to the tragic poet L. Accius, who died about 86 b. De Origine Linguae Latinae, in three books, addressed to Pompey.

Uipl XapaKT jpcov, in at least three books, on the formation of words. Quaestiones Plautinae, in five books, containing. De Similitudine Verhorum, in three books, on regularity in forms and words. De Utilitate Sermonis, in at least four books, in which he dealt with the principle of anomaly or irregularity. De Sermone Latino, in five books or more, addressed to Marcellus, which treats of orthography and the metres of poetry.

Disciplinae, an encyclopaedia on the Uberal arts, in nine books, of which the first dealt with Grammatica. The extant fragments of these works, apart from those of the De Lingua Latina, may be found in the Goetz and Schoell edition of the De Lingua Latina, pages ; in the collection of Wilmanns, pages ; and in that of Funaioli, pages see the Bibliography. The first book was an introduction, containing at the outset a dedication of the entire work to Cicero. The remainder seems to have been divided into four sections of six books each, each section being by its subject matter further divisible into two halves of three books each.

Books Il. Of this portion, Books 1 1. Book II. Books v. They treat of the origin of words, the sources from which they come, and the manner in which new words develop. Book V. Books VIII. The first three treated especially the conflict between the principle of Anomaly, or Irregularity, based on consuetudo popular usage, and that of Analogy, or Regularity of a proportional character, based on ratio relation of form to form.

Varro s own solution of the conflicting views, with his decision in favour of its existence. Of these twenty-five books, we have to-day, apart from a few brief fragments, only Books V. The most considerable of them are passages in the Nodes Atticae of Aulus Gellius ii. They may be found in the edition of Goetz and Schoell, pages 3, lid, , and in the collections of Wilmanns and FunaioU see the Bibliography.

On such topics reference may be made to the works of Barwick, Kowalski, Dam, Dahlmann, Kriegshammer, and Frederik Muller, and to the articles of Wolfflin in the eighth volume of the Archil fiir lateinische Lexikographie, all listed in our Bibliography. Codex Laurentianus li. It is known as F. Little doubt can remain as to its actual readings. In , Petrus Victorius and lacobus Diacetius collated F with a copy of the editio princeps of the De Lingua Latina, in which they entered the difFerences which they observed. Their copy is preserved in Munich, and despite demonstrable errors in other portions, it has the value of a manuscript for v.

For this portion, their recorded readings are known as Fv ; and the readings of the editio princeps, where they have recorded no variation, are known as Fv. It was. It is still at Monte Cassino, and was transcribed by Keil in It was pubhshed in facsimile as an appendix to Sexti lulii Frontini de aquaeductu Urbis Romae, a phototyped reproduction of the entire manuscript, Monte Cassino, The grammarian Priscian, who flourished about A.

The passage is given in H. Keil s Grammatici Latini iii. There are many manuscripts, the oldest and most important being Codex Parisinus , of the ninth century. Codex Laurentianus U. It was examined by B. Niebuhr for Koeler, and his records came into the hands of L. It is known as H. Codex Gothanus, parchment, of the sixteenth century, now at Gotha ; it was examined by Regel for K. Mueller, who published its important variants in his edition, pages Codex Parisinus , paper, of the fifteenth century, now at Paris ; this and the next two were examined by Donndorf for L.

Spengel, who gives their different readings in his edition, pages It is known as a. Codex Parisinus , paper, of the fifteenth. It is known as 6, Codex Parisinus , paper, of the sixteenth century ; it contains only v.

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It is known as c. Codex Vindohonensis Ixiii. Spengel s edition. Codex Basiliensis F iv. Spengel in It is known as p. Codex Guelferbytanus , of the sixteenth century, at Wolfenbiittel ; examined by Schneidewin for K. Mueller, and afterwards by L. It is known as M. Codex B, probably of the fifteenth century, now not identifiable ; its variants were noted by Petrus Victorius in a copy of the Editio Gryphiana, and either it or a very similar manuscript was used by Antonius Augustinus in preparing the so-called Editio Vulgata.

These are the manuscripts to which reference is made in our critical notes ; there are many others, some of greater authority than those placed at the end of our list, but their readings are mostly not available. In any case, as F alone has prime value, the variants of other than the first four in our list can be only the attempted improvements made by their copyists, and have accordingly the same value as that which attaches to the emendations of editors of printed editions. Fuller information with regard to the manuscripts may be found in the following :.

O, Mueller, edition , pages xli-xxxi. Andreas Spengel, edition , pages ii-xxviii. Goetz et F. Schoell, edition 19 10 , pages xi-xxxv. There are a number of important lacunae, apart from omitted lines or single words ; these are due to losses in its archetype. Leonhard Spengel," from the notations in the manuscript and the amount of text between the gaps, calculated that the archetype of F consisted of 16 quaternions, with these losses : Quaternion 4 lacked fohos 4 and 5, the gap after V.

Quaternion 7 lacked folio 2, the end of vi. Quaternion 15 lacked folios 1 to 3, the gap after x. The amount of text lost at each point can be cal" tyber die Kritik der Varronischen Biicher de Lingua Latina, pp. There is a serious transposition in F, in the text of Book V.

Mueller," who identified the transposition and restored the text to its true order in his edition, showed that the alteration was due to the wrong folding of folios 4 and 5 in the first quaternion of an archetype of F ; though this was not the immediate archetype of F, since the amount of text on each page was different. This transposition is now always rectified in our printed texts ; but there is probably another in the later part of Book V.

The sequence of topics indicates that v. The disorder in the text had previously been noticed by G. Buchanan, Turnebus, and Scaliger, and discussed by L. Spengel, Emendationum Varronianarum Specimen I, pp. The text of F is unfortunately very corrupt, and while there are corrections both by the first hand and by a second hand, it is not always certain that the corrections are to be justified.

Moreover, as this work is on language, Varro has intentionally varied some spellings to suit his etymological argument ; any extensive normalization might, and probably would, do him injustice in some passages. Further, Varro quotes from earlier authors who used an older orthography ; we do not know whether Varro, in quoting from them, tried to.

I have therefore retained for the most part the spellings of F, or of the best authorities when F fails, replacing only a few of the more misleading spellings by the familiar ones, and allowing other variations to remain. These variations mostly fall within the following categories : 1.

II ix. The manuscript testifies to its use in the following : plebei gen. Ql, in a quotation v. Q5 uire. OE and U : The writing OE is kept where it appears in the manuscript or is supported by the context : moerus and derivatives v. OE in other words is the standard orthography. The examples are novom ix. Examples of the opposite practice are aequum vi, 71 ; duum x. Our text preserves the manuscript readings.

The examples are : Pacuhis v. Pacui v. Initially : uvidus v. The orthography of the manuscript has been retained in our text, though it is likely that Varro regularly used U in these types : The superlative and similar words : albissumum viii. Compounds of -fex and derivatives : pontufex v, 83, pontufices v. Ill, etc. Miscellaneous words : monumentum v. In the country it was likely to be dropped in pronunciation ; and the manuscript shows variation in its use.

We have restored the H in our text according to the usual orthography, except that irpices, v. Examples of its omission are Arpocrates v. These are normalized in our text, along with certain other related spellings : sepulchrum vii. Doubled Consonants : Varro s practice in this matter is uncertain, in some words. F regularly has littera only Uteris v. Communis has been made regular, though F usually has one M ; casus is invariable, except for de cassu in cassum viii. Numo xi. Decusis ix. In a few words the normal orthography has been introduced in the text : grallator vii.

For combinations resulting from prefixes see the next paragraph. Consonants of Prefixes : Varro s usage here is quite uncertain, whether he kept the unassimilated consonants in the compounds. Apparently in some groups he made the assimilations, in others he did not. The evidence is as follows, the variant orthography being retained in our text : Ad-c- : always ace-, except possibly adcensos vii.

Ad-l- : always all-, except adlocutum vi. Ad-m- : always adm-, except ammonendum v. Ad-sc-, ad-sp-, ad-st- : always with loss of the D, as in ascendere, ascribere, ascriptos vii. Ad-t- : always att-, except adtrihuta v. Con-p- : always comp-, except conpernis ix. Ex-f- : always eff-, except exfluit v. Ex-sc- : exculpserant v. Ex-sp- : always expecto etc. Ex-sq- : regularly EsquiUis ; but Exquilias v. Ex-st : extat v.

In-l- : usually ill-, but inlicium vi. In-p- : always imp-, except inpos v. Ob-c-, ob-f-, ob-p- : always occ-, off-, opp-. Ob-t- : always opt-, as in optineo etc. Per-l- : pellexit vi. Sub-t- : only in suptilius x. Trans-v- : in travolat v. Trans-d- : in traducere. DE and DI : The manuscript has been followed in the orthography of the following : direcio vii. Second Declension : Nom.

The gen. Third Declension : The abl. In view of dentum viii. Varro s distribution of the two endings seems to have been purely empirical and arbitrary, and the manuscript readings have been retained in our text. Fourth Declension : Gen. Nonius Marcellus M. The De Lingua Latina gives the following partial examples of this ending : usuis ix.

Examples of this form ending in US are kept in our text : fructus V. The form with one U is found in tribum v. Note the following forms in the manuscript : cornuum v. Heteroclites : There are the following : gen. Greek Forms : There are the following : ace. Aethiopa viii. Aeolis v. Quor is found only corrected to cur, viii. Quoius is written viii. Quoi nowhere appears, unless it should be read for qui vi. Both qui and quo are used for the abl. In quo is used with a plural antecedent of any gender : v.

Contracted Perfects : Only the contracted perfects are found, such as appellarunt v. PONO in Perfect : The text always has posui and its forms, except twice, which we have standardized : imposiverunt viii. The adverbial compounds of versus have with one exception been retained in our text as they appear in the manuscript : susus versus v. Editio princeps, edited by Pomponius Laetus ; without statement of place and date, but probably printed at Rome by Georgius Lauer, It rests upon a manuscript similar to M.

A second printing, also without place and date, but probably printed at Venice by Franc. Renner de. Editio vetustissima, edited by Angelus Tifernas with but shght variation from the edition of Laetus ; probably printed at Rome by Georgius Sachsel de Reichenhal, It shows improvement over the edition of Laetus, by the introduction of readings from relatively good manuscripts. Editio Veneta, similar to the preceding, but in the same volume with Nonius Marcellus and Festus ; first printed in , and reprinted in by Nicolaus de Ferraris de Pralormo L.

A Venice edition of , printed by loh, de Colonia and loh. Manthem de Gherretzen, was used by Goetz and Schoell and cited as Ed. Editio Baptistae Pii, edited by Baptista Pius, an eclectic text based on previous editions, but with some independent emendations ; printed at Milan by Leonardus Pachel, Editio Aldina, edited by Aldus Manutius after the edition of Pius, but with some changes through his own emendations and in accordance with manuscript testimony, possibly including that of -F ; printed at Venice by Aldus, The printing shows some improvements see 7.

Editio Par mensis, edited by Michael Bentinus, and essentially following the Aldine of , for which Bentinus collated a number of manuscripts and used their readings ; it includes also the Castigationes or Corrections of Bentinus, a series of critical and explanatory comments. Editio Gryphiana, similar to the preceding, including the Castigationes of Bentinus, and the fragments of the Origines of M.

Porcius Cato ; for its preparation, Petrus Victorius had transcribed the readings of B as far as ix. It was published at Lyons by Sebastian Gryphius, Luchinus in and again by Antonius Bladus in Despite his errors, he has made a number of valuable emendations, as will be seen from the citations in our apparatus criticus. The text of this edition was rather closely followed by all editors except Vertranius and Scioppius, and. Editio Vertranii, edited by M. Vertranius Maurus, following the edition of Augustinus, but discarding the spellings of the type quom and the use of EI for long I, and making a large number of his own conjectural emendations ; printed at Lyons by Gryphii Heredes, Coniectanea in M.

Terentium Varronem de Lingua Latina, by Josephus Scaliger ; not an edition, but deserving a place here, as it contains numerous textual criticisms as well as other commentary ; written in , and published at Paris in Both these Coniectanea and an Appendix ad Coniectanea the original date of which I cannot determine are pi inted with many later editions of the De Lingua Latina.

Editio Turnebi, edited by Adrianus Turnebus, who used a manuscript very similar to p and made numerous emendations ; printed at Paris by A. Wechelus, Turnebus died Opera quae supersunt, with Scaliger s Coniectanea, printed at Paris by Henr. Edition of Dionysius Gothofredus, containing only an occasional independent alteration ; in Auctores Linguae Latinae in unum corpus redacti, printed at Geneva by Guilelmus Leimarius, Edition, with the notes of Ausonius Popma ; printed at Leiden ex officina Plantiniana, Editio Gaspari Scioppii, edited by Gaspar Scioppius, who relied on data of Gabriel Faernus and on collations of Vatican manuscripts by Fulvius Ursinus ; it contains many valuable textual suggestions, though perhaps most of them belong to Ursinus rather than to Scioppius who expressly gives credit to Faernus,.

It was printed at Ingolstad in ; reprinted in Editio Bipontina, in two volumes, the second containing a selection of the notes of Augustinus, Turnebus, Scaliger, and Popma ; issued at Bipontium Zweibriicken in Bavaria , Terenti Varronis de Lingua Latina libri qui supersunt, edited by Leonhard Spengel of Munich ; the first scientific edition, resting on readings of F but only as represented by Fv , H, B, a, h, c, and a comparison of all, or almost all, the previous editions.

It was printed in Berlin bv Duncker und Humbloth, Terenti Varronis de Lingua Latina librorum quae supersunt, edited by Karl Ottfried Mueller, who added the readings of G to his critical apparatus. Mueller has the merit of setting the paragraphs of V. This edition was printed at Leipzig by Weidmann, Varronis librorum de Lingua Latina quae supersunt, reprinted after Mueller s edition with a very few textual changes by A. Egger ; issued at Paris by Bourgeois-Maze, Libri di M. Terenzio Varrone intomo alia lingua latina, edited and translated with notes by Pietro Canal ; in the Biblioteca degli Scrittori Latini with.

Antonelli, t It was reprinted in , with addition of the fragments, to which notes were attached by Fed. This edition is httle known, and deserves more attention than it has received, although Canal was very free with his emendation of the text ; but he used a number of additional manuscripts which are in the libraries of Italy. Terenti Varronis de Lingua Latina libri, edited by Andreas Spengel after the death of his father Leonhard, who had been working on a second edition for nearly fifty years when he died ; printed at Berlin by Weidmann, This edition is notable because of the abundant critical apparatus.

This edition is very conservative, many corrupt passages being marked with a dagger and left in the text, while excellent emendations for the same are relegated to the apparatus criticus or to the Annotationes at the end of the volume ; but it has great value for its citation of abundant testimonia and its elaborate indexes. Two errors of earlier editors may be mentioned at this point. Further, Varro s remark in viii. It is convenient to list here, together, the special treatments of the passage on the city of Rome, v. Van der Post Juniorem, Jordan, Topograpkie der Stadt Rom im Altertkum u.

Dix annees de pkilologie classique , i. Marouzeau L Annee philologique i. Marouzeau fF. I c 2 xxxiii. I92I-I : Bursians Jrb. For the period before the edition of L. Spengel in , it is unnecessary to do other than refer to the list of editions ; for other writings on Varro were few, and they are mostly lacking in importance, apart from being inaccessible to-day. The following selected list includes most of the literature since , which has importance for the De Lingua Latina, either for the text and its interpretation, or for Varro s style, sources, and method ; but treatises dealing with his influence on later authors have mostly been omitted from the Hst : Antonibon, Giulio : Contributo agli studi sui libri de Lingua Latina ; Rivista di Filologia xvii.

Antonibon, G. Varrone ; Bassano, Barw"ick, K. Bednara, Ernst : Archiv fur lateiniscke Lexikographie xiv. Bergk, Th. Birt, Th. Boissier, Gaston : Etude siir la vie et les ouvrages de M. Varron ; Paris, , 2nd ed.

Boot, J. Brakmann, C. Brinkmann, A. Buecheler, F. Christ, Wilhelm : Philologus xvi. Christ, Wilhelm : Archiv fur lateinische Lexikographie ii. Dahlmann, Hellfried : M. Dam, R. ElHs, Robinson : Hermathena xi. Fay, Edwin W. Foat, W. Fraccaro, Plinio : Studi Varroniani ; Padova, Galdi, M.

bound the bound tetralogy book 1 Manual

Georges, K. Goetz, Georg : Gottingische Gelehrte Anzeigen, , Gesellschaft d. Goetz, Georg : Berliner Pkilologiscke Wockensckrift, , Groth, Adolfus : De M. Haupt, Moritz : Hermes i. Haupt, Moritz : Opuscula 3 vols. Melk, Melk, I Henry, Victor : De sermonis kumani origine et natura M. Terentius Varro quid senserit ; Insulis, Hirschfeld, O. Hultsch, Fr. Jahn, Otto : Hermes ii. Jeep, J.

Posen, Jordan, Heinrich : Hermes ii. Huelsen, ; vol. Kent, R. Kowalski, G. Lachmann, Karl : In T. Lucretii Cari de Rerum Natura libros Commentarius , passim ; 4th ed. Lahmeyer, Gustav : Philologus xxii. Lersch, Laurenz : Die Sprackpkilosophie der Alien i. Lobeck, Chr. Luebbert, Ed.

Mette, H. Mueller, C. Mueller, K. Mueller, Lucian : Rheinisches Museum xxiv. Muller Jzn, Fridericus : De veterum imprimis Romanorum studiis etymologicis, pages ; Utrecht, Nettleship, H. Neukirch, J. Norden, Eduard : Rheinisches Museum xlviii. Jahrhundert vor Christus bis in die Zeit der Renaissance i. Oxe, C. Varronis etymis quibusdam commentatio ; Gymn. Programm, Kreuznach, Terenti Varronis lihrorum de lingua Latino argumentum ; Gymn. Programin, Kreuznach, Pape, Wilhelm : Lectiones Varronianae ; Berlin, Plasberg, O.

Reiter, Hugo : Quaestiones Varronianae grammaiicae ; Konigsberg, Reiter, Hugo : Observationes criticae in M. Terenti Varronis de lingua Latina libros ; Jahresbericht, Gymn.

Braunsberg, Reitzenstein, R. Riese, Alexander : Philologus xxvii. Ritschl, Fr. Roehrscheidt, K. Roessner, Otto : De praepositionum ab de ex usu Varroniano ; Halle, Roth, K. Terentius Varro ; Gymn. Programm, Basel, also separately issued. Samter, Ernest : Quaestiones Varronianae ; Berlin, Schwabe, L.


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Programm, Tauberbischofsheim, Skutsch, F. Skutsch, F, : Rkeinisches Museum Ixi. Spengel, L. Terentii Varronis de lingua Latina ; Munich, to F. Thiersch, on semicentennial of the doctorate. Stieber, G. Stowasser, J. Stuenkel, Ludwig : De Varroniana verborum formatione ; Strassburg, CI , Voigt, Moritz : Rkeinisches Museum xxiv. W—, H. Wackernagel, J. Walter, Fritz : Philologus Ixxv. Walter, F. Wilmanns, August : De M.

Terenti Varronis libris grammaticis particiila ; Bonn, Wolfflin, Eduard : Archiv fur lateinische Lexikographie ii. Zander, K. Zippmann, A. Programm, Scheidemiihl, Zumpt : review of L. Spengel s edition ; Jahrbiicher fiir rvissenschaftliche Kritik, , It happens that while some of the corrupt passages in this work are quite desperate, many can be restored, and many gaps can be filled, with some degree of confidence, since Festus, Nonius Marcellus, and others have quoted practically verbatim from Varro ; with the aid of their testimonia, many obscure passages can be restored to clarity.

This has been the procedure in the present volumes ; if any departures from the manuscript authority seem violent, they are required as a basis for a translation. Yet the present text is throughout as conservative as is consistent with the situation. The text has in fact been so arranged as to show, with least machinery, its relation to the best tradition. With the use of italics and of pointed brackets, and the aid of the critical apparatus, any reader may see for himself exactly what stands in the manuscript.

The use of symbols and the like is explained on pages xlix Each of the Bakugan are associated with a different element ranging from Pyrus the attribute of fire , Subterra the attribute of earth , Haos the attribute of light , Darkus the attribute of darkness , Aquos the attribute of water , and Ventus the attribute of wind. Drago is the leader of the Bakugan with strong convictions and morals, and is arguably the most powerful of all the bakugan. Together wi. It also hosts the headquarters of the Asian Development Bank. Largest companies This list shows companies included in the Forbes Global , which ranks companies based on four measures: sales, profit, assets and market value.

A diagram showing two different drifting techniques Drifting is a driving technique where the driver intentionally oversteers, with loss of traction in the rear wheels or all tires, while maintaining control and driving the car through the entirety of a corner. The technique causes the rear slip angle to exceed the front slip angle to such an extent that often the front wheels are pointing in the opposite direction to the turn e. The sport of drifting is not to be confused with the four wheel drift, a classic cornering technique established in Grand Prix and sports car racing.

As a motoring discipline, drifting competitions were first popularized in s Japan, and today are held worldwide and are judged according to the speed, angle, showmanship and line taken through a corner or set of corners. It was intended to be released on September 29, as part of Super Robot Wars' 20th Anniversary but got pushed back to November 29, Gameplay Developed by the same team behind Super Robot Wars Original Generation Gaiden, the game uses high-energy, dynamic action for the in-game battle sequences.

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Taking advantage of the console's functions, they increased the action elements from the series based on the system previously. It is Hyundai's first rear-wheel drive sports coupe, and shares its basic platform with the Hyundai Genesis luxury sedan. However, it is expected to receive a new name for the next generation to avoid confusion with the luxury brand. Playable characters In the world of Elsword, players are able to choose classes by choosing a character, each with their own backgrounds and characteristics.

As their level advanced, players are able to choose one out of three available job path four for Rose. Each job path specializes in different fields and background story, as well as affecting a character's personality. An ambitious but hot-headed young swordsman, he was trained by the commander of the Crimson Knights—his older sister—Elesis. Prior to the start of the game, Elesis left Elsword to lead a mission, never to return. Elsword is the leader of the El search party and is now searching the land for two things—El, the precious gems that power his kingdom, and his missing sister.

As a swordsman, he. The causes of the foehn effect in the lee of mountains. Adapted from [1]. It is a rain shadow wind that results from the subsequent adiabatic warming of air that has dropped most of its moisture on windward slopes see orographic lift. As a consequence of the different adiabatic lapse rates of moist and dry air, the air on the leeward slopes becomes warmer than equivalent elevations on the windward slopes.

Causes The warm moist air from northern Italy is blocked on the windward side, loses much of its water vapour content, and descends on the F. Captain James Hook is a fictional character, the main antagonist of J. The character is a pirate captain of the brig Jolly Roger. His two principal fears are the sight of his own blood supposedly an unnatural colour and the crocodile who pursues him after eating the hand cut off by Pan. An iron hook replaced his severed hand, which gave the pirate his name. Creation of the character Hook did not appear in early drafts of the play, wherein the capricious and coercive Peter Pan was closest to a "villain" but was created for a front-cloth scene depicting the children's journey home.

Later, Barrie expanded the scene, on the premise that children were fascinated by pirates, and expanded the role of the captain as the play developed. The character was originally cast to be played by Dorothea Baird, the actress playing Mary Darling, but Gerald du Maurier, already playing George Darling. The 18th Disney animated feature film, The Sword in the Stone was the final Disney animated film to be released before Walt Disney's death. Directed by Wolfgang Reitherman, the film is based on the novel of the same name, which was first published in as a single novel.

It was later republished in as the first book of T. White's tetralogy The Once and Future King. The Sword in the Stone was released to theatres on December 25, to mixed reviews, though it was a box office success. He is affiliated with Himawari Theatre Group. One of his best-known roles early in his career was as Roxas in the Kingdom Hearts video game series. He voiced Gin in the anime film Hotarubi no Mori e which has played at many film festivals around the world. This list includes fictional characters in animated cartoons, adult animation, and anime.

History Harry Benshoff and Sean Griffin write that animation has always "hint[ed] at the performative nature of gender" such as when Bugs Bunny puts on a wig and a dress, he is a rabbit in drag as a human male who is in drag as a female. Some LGBT characters in animation are derived from graphic art works and video games. The story centers on the lives of creatures called Bakugan and the battle brawlers who possess them.

Nelvana Enterprises produced an English version which aired on the Canadian television network Teletoon in July Cartoon Network, an American television station also premiered the series on February 24, Four pieces of theme music are used for the series; two opening themes by Psychic Lover and two closing themes. The official name in english is Japan Women's Football League, and the former league's english name was L. From to it adopted an Apertura and Clausura system, similar to the J. League system of that era.

From to the clubs were divided into East and West groups and then the top clubs of each would go into a championship group, with the bottom clubs in a relegation group. In the single-table format was brought back. Players from the 8 Japan. Media Factory published 20 volumes between June and February The series was left unfinished due to the author's death on April 4, ,[3] but was later concluded in two volumes released in February and February with a different author, making use of notes left behind by Yamaguchi.

The story features several characters from the second year class of a magic academy in a fictional magical world with the main characters being the inept mage Louise and her familiar from Earth, Saito Hiraga. Between and , the series was adapted by J. Staff into four anime television series and an additional original video animation episode. The first anime series was licensed by Geneon Entertainment in English, but the license expired in Sentai Filmworks has since re-licensed and re-released the firs.

Yoko Shimomura composed and arranged the series' music, which consists of arranged Disney songs and original works by Shimomura. The music of the Kingdom Hearts video game series was composed by Yoko Shimomura with orchestral music arranged by Kaoru Wada. They also feature several vocal songs, the most notable being the two main theme songs, "Hikari" and "Passion". The two themes were written and performed by Japanese American pop star Hikaru Utada; in addition to Japanese, English versions of both songs were produced, titled "Simple and Clean" and "Sanctuary", respectively.

Although the majority of the music has been released only in. Scrooge is an elderly Scottish anthropomorphic Pekin duck with a yellow-orange bill, legs, and feet. He typically wears a red or blue frock coat, top hat, pince-nez glasses, and spats. He is portrayed in animations as speaking with a Scottish accent. Named after Ebenezer Scrooge from the novel A Christmas Carol, Scrooge is an incredibly wealthy business magnate and self-proclaimed "adventure-capitalist" whose dominant character trait is his thrift.

Within the context of the fictional Duck universe, he is the world's richest person. His "Money Bin"—and indeed Scrooge himself—are oft. Justin Burford describes "Fussy" as "the struggle between the light and dark sides of human personality". In the original film, Cinderella is voiced by American singer and actress Ilene Woods. For the sequels and subsequent film and television appearances, Woods was replaced by American actresses Jennifer Hale and Tami Tappan, who provide the character's speaking and singing voices respectively.

In the wake of her father's untimely demise, Cinderella is left in the unfortunate care of her cruel stepmother and jealous stepsisters, who constantly mistreat her, forcing Cinderella to work as a scullery maid in her own home. When Prince Charming holds a ball, the evil stepmother does not allow her to go. Cinderella, aided by her kind Fairy Godmother and equipped with a beautiful gown and a unique pair of glass slippers, attends, only to have to leave at midnight when the Fairy Godmother's spell is bro.

Ventus Gaming Emerges , gaming. Ventus bears a strong resemblance Folders related to Ventus Kingdom Hearts : Fictional characters with air or wind abilities Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional characters with amnesia Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional explorers in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Ventus topic Look up ventus in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

The series centers on Sora's search for his friends and his encoun Folders related to Characters of Kingdom Hearts: Female characters in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Video game characters introduced in Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional women soldiers and warriors Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Aqua is the only protagonist in Birth by Sleep whom Tetsuya Nomura did not have a point of reference to design from, and thus was designed f Folders related to Aqua Kingdom Hearts : Video game characters with water abilities Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional explorers in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Video game characters who use magic Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Sora was originally designed by Kingdom Hearts series director Folders related to Sora Kingdom Hearts : Fictional knights in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional characters with amnesia Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Video game characters who use magic Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. He was developed to be reminiscent of series antagonist Xehanort as he appears in p Folders related to Terra Kingdom Hearts : Fictional explorers in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Video game characters with superhuman strength Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional characters with earth or stone abilities Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Universe of Kingdom Hearts topic The Kingdom Hearts video game series, developed by Square Enix in collaboration with Disney, is set in a universe consisting of numerous self-contained worlds based on intellectual properties from both companies. The Kingdom Hearts games have been both critically acclaimed and commercially successful and the design of the worlds has been praised for its Folders related to Universe of Kingdom Hearts: Fictional castles and fortresses Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional populated places Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional warrior races Revolvy Brain revolvybrain.

Since his cameo appearance, director Tetsuya Nomura has said that Roxas is an important character in the series, and in order to explain his bac Folders related to Roxas Kingdom Hearts : Fictional knights in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional characters with amnesia Revolvy Brain revolvybrain Fictional explorers in video games Revolvy Brain revolvybrain. Laud him. Anyways, look forward, try and wait for the mind-and-body-separated future. Seek the gnarl. Everything about this book feels a generation behind, from the bullshit hippie lingo that's the foundation of Rucker's stiff, barely-competent prose to the Stand On Zanzibar version of a future with advancing technology but social values that didn't change with them.

Yeah, fine, drugs are more acceptable, but no culture of responsible drug use developed? The characters are flat, and they seem to have few motivations for how they behave. The plot doesn't move forward based on the needs o Everything about this book feels a generation behind, from the bullshit hippie lingo that's the foundation of Rucker's stiff, barely-competent prose to the Stand On Zanzibar version of a future with advancing technology but social values that didn't change with them. The plot doesn't move forward based on the needs or desires of the characters, it's just a tangled mess of things that happen because things need to happen in books.

What little personality the characters have comes primarily from exposition so heavy with a pastiche of antique slang it's almost impossible to parse half the time, so the net effect is more like someone explaining the plot of a novel to you rather than reading an actual novel.

All in all, this feels like a series of science fiction novels written from , not Sep 18, Simon Bailey rated it liked it. It's hard not to echo other people's views on the tetralogy. Starts off very well IMO, it's engaging and plausible, the characters are actually pretty good and I found myself enjoying this all the way through until about the last book. At that point, Rucker's imagination was extended to a full limit I think. He had taken the concept of materialism and applied a meta-physics to it that while it gave him an unlimited possibility for story lines, became a limiting factor for the story because where It's hard not to echo other people's views on the tetralogy.

He had taken the concept of materialism and applied a meta-physics to it that while it gave him an unlimited possibility for story lines, became a limiting factor for the story because where do you go once you've explored a race that can control matter with thought? Spirituality, art, creativity, war, sex, drugs, these all are explored but I think in the end the story fizzles out because once you have explored these areas, that's pretty much it. It's like playing a game of sim city, building the best city and then thinking, well, not much more I can do now and wandering off to read a book.

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I don't think I'm a fan of the whole series, but did like books one and two very much. May 17, Julie Salyards rated it it was amazing. This is a collection of Rucker's "Ware" novels, which follow the descendants of Cobb Anderson - a brilliant robot engineer and emancipator - and a handful of other characters over many decades amid ever changing AI technology.

Although, I am not sure if AI or "robot" are appropriate words for Rucker's creations; they are robots, but they are also living and that is what is so intriguing about these books: the technology. It is cool, especially the idea of uploading personalities described in Sof This is a collection of Rucker's "Ware" novels, which follow the descendants of Cobb Anderson - a brilliant robot engineer and emancipator - and a handful of other characters over many decades amid ever changing AI technology.

It is cool, especially the idea of uploading personalities described in Software and the cosmic ray aliens in Freeware. I loved the technology and I liked that the same characters' lives were followed throughout the series. These books are very cool and a bit surreal. Dec 07, Mike rated it really liked it. This review has been hidden because it contains spoilers. To view it, click here. It kicks off in a weird, hippie and quirky way, and ends up more or less the same, but there's quite a lot of memorable moments in between and definitely a lot of half-asked questions that an interesting book should leave its reader with.

It didn't significantly change my life, but definitely made it fuller. I think I agree with the conclusion - we're not worth certain things, just yet I guess I will be adding some of the nifty vocabulations invented by Mr Rucker to my private dictionary. Sep 02, Rafael Fuente added it. It takes awhile to get in to the drug filled alt- lingo 60's hippie inspired setting, but once you do it is a lot of fun. I really like how the series characters are all interconnected. The character's story arcs in the sequels really don't sync up with the way they were established.

This probably was due to the fact that the first one wasn't written with sequels in mind. I really enjoyed this cyber punk read. It isn't the best book ever but it is fun. I am actually reading it for a second time It takes awhile to get in to the drug filled alt- lingo 60's hippie inspired setting, but once you do it is a lot of fun.

I am actually reading it for a second time right now. Mar 23, Joshua rated it it was amazing Shelves: cyberpunk , scifi. This is definitely the wildest set of cyberpunk stories I've ever read. It's filled with sex, drugs, and robots Each book in the series gets more gonzo than the previous one. Imagine a book co-written by Isaac Asimov and Hunter S. Thompson and Douglas Hofstadter: lots of interesting speculation about robots and consciousness set in a world populated by utterly depraved people. All four of the books are fun reads, but I think the second book, "Wetware", is probably the be This is definitely the wildest set of cyberpunk stories I've ever read.

All four of the books are fun reads, but I think the second book, "Wetware", is probably the best of the four. Feb 16, Samuel Polacek rated it it was amazing. Its rare to find such unpredictable science fiction. Too often authors present technology as the bane or the great solution of our existence. In this series, it is quite clearly a little from column A, a little from column B, and plenty of column C pops out of nowhere too. A crazy ride through crazy developments leads us from wet machines through photoelectric circuitry and fungally aided electronics and ultimately leaves us surfing beams of light across the universe.

Somehow mind-bogglingly insa Its rare to find such unpredictable science fiction. Somehow mind-bogglingly insane while utilizing believable geopolitics and technology. Apr 21, Trevor Mcpherson rated it really liked it. This book is like a firmware update for your brain. Rucker does a good job of making the scientific and mathematical concepts that inform his fictional worlds reader friendly. At least this reader thinks so. Granted, those who are not fascinated by nanotechnology, emergent sentience and Artificial Intelligence may not be as taken as a geek like me, but so be it.

Without an overly geeky warp to your outlook, the books Tetralogy consists of 4 related novels still offer up some solid story lines, in This book is like a firmware update for your brain. Without an overly geeky warp to your outlook, the books Tetralogy consists of 4 related novels still offer up some solid story lines, interesting characters, and inventive language. Dec 09, Viking Litespear rated it really liked it. I debated giving this a three star review. Rucker is a great writer, he's out there in the same way Phillip K. Dick was, but I found the writing a little sloppy at times.

There were characters added who didn't really contribute that much the two entities in Joke's head for example , and some things never quite connected for me however; if you like the cyberpunk genre, this is certainly worth a read. Feb 25, Guy Ferguson added it Shelves: cyberpunk , science-fiction , series. A classic. And a great collection. Realware sticks out as written differently..

I think Stross took his Accelerando idea from this series For Stross it was Manfred and Anuko or whatever the hell his Lobster p0wned cat was called. Upload and Live! Aug 16, Nicholas Tollervey rated it liked it. It was fun at times but also full of "meh". That it took so long to finish indicates that I got bored of it but would eventually return for reasons that I still can't comprehend.

Probably the thought that some of it had been quite entertaining boppers and I was hoping it'd get better. Mar 01, Jeremy Brooks rated it really liked it. An epic tale of technology changing in unexpected ways, the way humans depend on technology, and the nature of consciousness and God. As always, Rucker's imagination creates a world that is familiar and bizarre. Excellent content, and flows one book right into another I love the few Rudy Rucker books I have read.

Dec 20, Neil Clarke rated it really liked it. Classic Rucker cyberpunk. I read the books in the volume when they were originally published years ago. Nice to see all of them back in print. I designed the ebook edition for this volume. If you find mistakes, feel free to drop me a line. Aug 16, Donald rated it it was amazing Shelves: public-library , favorites , paperback. I was apparently unconscious when these came out. Because, they are really good reads, the topics are right up my alley.