This fragment of Bellini is not sung with meticulous fidelity to the score, but, as often happens with singers of his generation, his changes are slight but musically meaningful, and command our attention. We note several effective examples of rubato and an interpolated high A in the penultimate bar that modern tenors might well adopt. What we are waiting for, of course, are the two selections from Otello , in which, according to Verdi, he sang some passages—especially the love duet in Act I—better than Tamagno.
Alfonso Garulli was born in Bologna on 2 December and died there on 28 May In April he appeared at the Teatro Alighieri, Ravenna as Rambaldo in Roberto il diavolo and in La traviata— maybe as Alfredo, because he sang that role in Treviso in November, and at the Filarmonico, Verona in January , where he also sang in Macbeth. He managed slightly better when he was summoned again by Mapleson to London for the season for four performances of I pescatori di perle.
They last sang together on the stage on 7 September at the Grand-Cercle, Aix-les-Bains, in the one-act opera Adagio consolante by Pompilio Sudessi. Important engagements abroad for Garulli included seasons at the Liceu, Barcelona in and , Nice in and , Madrid in April , and , Valencia in including La jolie fille de Perth , and two Seasons in Lisbon and After Garulli appeared less frequently, his last performances being at the Teatro del Corso, Bologna: Werther in and Lohengrin in But even then his voice still preserved the timbro toccante, fatto di lacrime touching timbre , made up of tears praised by the critics.
The familiar aria from Pagliacci comes as something of a shock: have we ever heard it sung quite like this? Leoncavallo marks the aria Adagio ; perhaps, on records, only De Lucia sings it as slowly as Garulli. What we hear is almost painfully appropriate to the situation: a tenor, a lirico leggero perhaps in younger days, has suddenly blossomed into a tragic and heroic figure.
There is no vulgar outburst of unmusical sobbing. This interpretation rewards study: one has to get used to it. Garulli begins pianissimo with a hauntingly beautiful sound, despite a tendency to tremulousness. In two duets with his wife, the soprano Ernestina Bendazzi-Garulli, we hear the kind of cultivated duet singing, each voice listening to and blending with the other, so prized in those days.
Bendazzi-Garulli, daughter of the more famous Luigia Bendazzi who created Maria in Simon Boccanegra seems to sing well, with a strong, vibrant voice, but is perhaps less interesting an artist than her husband. Signorini was born in Rome in or He studied with Ottavio Bartolino and then with Tamberlik. Alfred Piatti.. He returned to La Fenice in January for performances of Ernani , his last operatic appearances.
During an extensive season in Budapest in he sang Roberto il diavolo for the first time. In he enjoyed a season in Bucharest with Sammarco, including his first Lohengrin , and sang Otello with none other than Victor Maurel. The summer of was spent in Buenos Aires and Montevideo, while the following summer found him in Santiago, Chile. His final return to Naples for one performance of Ernani in was a flop. Louis, and Berkeley.
He died in Rome in September Sheer bulk and volume of tone, with easy and trumpeting high notes, were what audiences eagerly awaited. Refinements, such as the trills and runs that even Verdi sometimes requires of his tenor, were scorned. When he rises to the F-sharp, top line, he switches disconcertingly into a rather uncomfortable sounding mixed register to produce squeezed high notes that seem to be based on the vowel E.
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However, the high B-flat is always forthcoming, though sometimes with a slightly strangled sound. On the whole Signorini is rather monotonous in his stodgy outpourings, but there are some moments of considerable distinction. The two excerpts from Il trovatore are appealing. He even seems to attempt the two trills: if so, he is the only Italian tenor on record before Bergonzi to include them.
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He mixes up the words, but that scarcely matters. He is better in the duet from Act III, in which Ines De Frate, a favorite soprano drammatico of many record collectors, also has no scruple about breathing in the middle of words. The owner of a fine and fairly well-trained voice, with some lovely head notes, she offers some curiously distorted vowels. Signorini must be thanked for having recorded this passage, but he is quite unable to make any contrast between the two sections: each is lustily bawled, to brilliant effect in the bravura passage at the close, with repeated ascents to the high B-flat.
The complete recording can be heard on Marston Garbin was born in Padua on 12 March Coming from a poor family, he was working as a stable boy when his voice was discovered. He sang the opera again in Buenos Aires in In his lucky year Garbin met the soprano Adelina Stehle, his future wife, who is said to have had a great influence in perfecting his technique and helping him form an individual style.
Other highlights of this long and busy career include a season at Barcelona from November to April Storchio joined him again for Madama Butterfly and La traviata. Later in the year he returned to Barcelona. He died in Brescia on 12 April His distinctive style is a mixture of the caressing, lovingly lingering manner of the previous generation De Lucia with the forthright, impetuous, and even barn-storming phrasing of the new verismo school. Garbin has his importance as a first-generation interpreter both of Verdi and Puccini.
Both voices are well recorded and Sammarco is at his best, his rich baritone well focused. The elderly Marconi manages this long phrase in one breath. Within their limitations, they do, indeed, teach us something about the manners of early Puccini singers. He underlines his points with unwritten, though convincing rallentando. There is a smile always present, and a youthful ardor.
Non cessar! Here Garbin manages to express the passionate hysteria of De Grieux without ever distorting the musical line; he wrings out the last drop of anguish without resorting to sobbing. His technique is more sophisticated than it might at first seem, and he is able to control the sounds he wants to make.
However, the other tenors mentioned are all far more polished, and however ambitious Garbin may be, his effects are not always accomplished with complete success; sustained notes at the end of phrases tend to lose support. With the tenor hidden behind the curtain, it must have been difficult for a conductor to keep singer and harp together with such liberal rubato and so many pauses; the vocal line is graced with many a mordent.
These ornaments will be familiar to those who know the Caruso record. Camporelli is an excellent Musetta a role she sang at La Scala , humorous without heaviness, and Sammarco is at his best as Marcello. Garbin phrases well, but here again one wishes he would introduce more shading. Although Garbin is not as accurate as Caruso in the execution of the gruppetti , this is a meltingly lovely performance in which he manages to observe all the contrasting dynamic requirements of the score. He died of yellow fever in Guadalajara in In February and April , at Modena and Verona, he may have been the first tenor to sing both Cav and Pag on the same evening.
After his public appearances seem to have been confined to concert work. He died in Parma on 28 March His is an attractive lyric tenor capable of the squillanti high notes required by Italian audiences of his day; he is able to darken or brighten the tone at will.
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He is a truly lovable Walther, and at La Fenice he was called upon to encore several passages. Like most tenors, he does not attempt the final ascent to high B-flat pp as written, but his animated and individual phrasing with altered words commands our attention and respect. In the music of his contemporary, Giordano, he strikes exactly the right stylisitic pose: both dignified and fiery.
In these salon songs Giraud does not have available the lustrous timbre of a Battistini or a Caruso, neither has he perfected the intimate shadings of a Schipa, but he woos and wins us with a combination of sensitive phrasing and exquisite enunciation, based on a sound legato line; he very rarely interpolates an unwritten high note. His father, Procurator of the College of Notaries of Cordova, obliged him to study law, but the young Valero was more interested in the opera house.
He also studied painting. One day Martin Salzar, professor of singing at the Royal Conservatory of Madrid, heard him singing by chance and gave him his first lessons. In Madrid he was befriended by the great tenor Tamberlik, who gave him advice and taught him some roles. In he added Mignon and Don Pasquale.
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He ended the year with performances at the Malibran and Rossini theaters, Venice, and the Pagliano, Florence. The autumn brought his first visit to Buenos Aires and Montevideo. His last appearances in Madrid, in , were as Lohengrin with Emma Eames. He sang a similar repertoire at the Metropolitan, joining Patti also in Lucia di Lammermoor. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. The CIRS showed good divergent validity vis a vis functional disability in predicting mortality and hospitalization.
The illness severity and comorbidity composites performed equally well in predicting longitudinal outcomes. Volume 43 , Issue 2. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username. Patricia A. Paul D. Ira R. Search for more papers by this author. Read the full text.
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