Parallels are being drawn between the French use of torture against resistance fighters in Algeria and the U. It recreates the brutal conflict between native Algerians and French colonists in which the two sides exchange acts of intensifying violence, leading to the introduction of French paratroopers to root out the Algerian National Liberation Front—known as the FLN.
Paratroops are shown employing torture, intimidation, and murder to defeat the resistance. But the film was banned in France for many years following its release. In , the film again made the news after the Pentagon offered a screening just months after the United States declared the war against Iraq officially over. Children shoot soldiers at point-blank range. Women plant bombs in cafes. Soon the entire Arab population builds to a mad fervor.
Sound familiar? The French have a plan. It succeeds tactically, but fails strategically. To understand why, come to a rare showing of this film. It would be better if we, too, had planes. Give me the bombers, and you can have the baskets. Now, this is another scene a little later in the movie with the colonel from the French paratroopers holding a news conference with reporters. In an earlier statement that same spokesman said that because the prisoner said he would escape on the first possible occasion, it was thought advisable to keep him permanently bound hand and foot.
According to you, Colonel, is a man in this condition capable of ripping up a shirt, making a rope and tying it to the window bars? And so, even though I recognize that he was dangerous, I pay homage to his memory.
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Could you say something on this? The one presupposes the other. It would be better to call a spade a spade. You have no questions? We would like the answers. We ask questions as in any police operation against an unknown gang. In , Algeria became a French military colony and, in , was declared by the constitution of to be an integral part of France and divided into three French departments Algiers, Oran and Constantine.
Algeria was unique to France because, unlike all other overseas possessions acquired by France during the 19th century, only Algeria was considered and legally classified an integral part of France. March 10, at pm. March 12, at pm. Kindly let me know in order that I could subscribe. Posted on Jun 23, in Ireland. Posted on Apr 16, in latest.
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Posted on May 1, in Ireland. EyeBycle commented on Mar 14, Wand massager review commented on Mar 14, Forgot your password? Click here. Posted by The Skibbereen Eagle March 3, 2. About Latest Posts. In France officially admitted that torture was systematic and routine. Specializing in ambushes and night raids to avoid direct contact with superior French firepower, the internal forces targeted army patrols, military encampments, police posts, and colonial farms, mines, and factories, as well as transportation and communications facilities.
Kidnapping was commonplace, as was the murder and mutilation of civilians. Throat slitting and decapitation were commonly used by the FLN as mechanisms of terror. Counter-insurgency tactics developed during the war were used elsewhere afterwards, including the Argentinian Dirty War in the s. In a book, journalist Marie-Monique Robin alleges that French secret agents taught Argentine intelligence agents counter-insurgency tactics, including the systemic use of torture, block-warden system, and other techniques, all of which were employed during the Battle of Algiers.
The Battle of Algiers film includes the documentation. In France, the war was known as " la guerre sans nom " "the war without a name" while it was being fought as the government variously described the war as the "Algerian events", the "Algerian problem" and the "Algerian dispute"; the mission of the French Army was "ensuring security", "maintaining order" and "pacification", but was never described as fighting a war; while the FLN were referred to as "criminals", "bandits", "outlaws", "terrorists" and " fellagha " a derogatory Arabic word meaning "road-cutters", but which was popularly mistranslated as "throat-cutters"-a reference to the FLN"s favorite method of execution, namely making people wear the "Kabylian smile" by cutting their throats, pulling their tongues out and leaving them to bleed to death.
As the war was officially a "police action", for decades no monuments were built to honor the about 25, French soldiers killed in the war while the Defense Ministry refused to classify veterans as veterans until the s. In , the British historian Alistair Horne published A Savage War of Peace , which is generally regarded as the leading book written on the subject in English, though written from a French perspective rather the Algerian. In a column published in The Times Literacy Supplement reviewing the book A Savage War of Peace by Alistair Horne, the Iraqi-born British historian Elie Kedourie vigorously attacked Horne as an apologist for terrorism, accusing him of engaging the "cosy pieties" of bien-pensants as Kedorie condemned those Western intellectuals who excused terrorism when committed by Third World revolutionaries.
Before the war, Algeria was a favored setting for French films with the British French professor Leslie Hill having written: "In the late s and s, for instance, North Africa provided film-makers in France with a ready fund of familiar images of the exotics, mingling, for instance, the languid eroticism of Arabian nights with the infinite and hazy vistas of the Sahara to create a powerful confection of tragic heroism and passionate love". From time to time, the memory of the Algerian War surfaced in France.
When will Massu be in Algeria! On 15 June , Le Monde published an interview with Louisette Ighilahriz, a former FLN member who described in graphic detail her torture at the hands of the French Army and made the sensational claim that the war heroes General Jacques Massu and General Marcel Bigeard had personally been present when she being tortured for information. Richaud one last time to thank him personally Dr. Richaud it turned out had died in Convinced that they had to act with resolution in order to protect themselves against their enemies, they deliberately chose an authoritarian path.
The Algerian War remains a contentious event today. According to historian Benjamin Stora , one of the leading historians on the Algerian war, memories concerning the war remain fragmented, with no common ground to speak of:. There is no such thing as a history of the Algerian War; there is just a multitude of histories and personal paths through it. Everyone involved considers that they lived through it in their own way, and any attempt to understand the Algerian War globally is immediately rejected by protagonists. Even though Stora has counted 3, publications in French on the Algerian war, there still is no work produced by French and Algerian authors cooperating with one another.
Even though, according to Stora, there can "no longer be talk about a 'war without a name', a number of problems remain, especially the absence of sites in France to commemorate" the war. Furthermore, conflicts have arisen on an exact commemoration date to end the war. Although many sources as well as the French state place it on March 19, , the Evian agreements , others point out that the massacres of harkis and the kidnapping of pieds-noirs took place afterwards.
Stora further points out, "The phase of memorial reconciliation between the two sides of the sea is still a long way off. Alongside a heated debate in France, the February 23, , law had the effect of jeopardizing the treaty of friendship that President Jacques Chirac was supposed to sign with President Abdelaziz Bouteflika —a treaty no longer on the agenda. Chirac finally had the law repealed through a complex institutional mechanism. Indeed, the Algerian War is not even the subject of a specific chapter in textbook for terminales  Henceforth, Benjamin Stora stated:.
As Algerians do not appear in an "indigenous" condition, and their sub-citizens status, as the history of nationalist movement, is never evoked as their being one of great figures of the resistance, such as Messali Hadj and Ferhat Abbas. They neither emerge nor are being given attention. No one is explaining to students what colonization has been. We have prevented students from understanding why the decolonization took place. It is impossible to understand the third-generation of Algerian immigrants to France without recalling this bicultural experience.
After having denied its use for 40 years, the French state has finally recognized its history of torture; although, there was never an official proclamation about it. General Paul Aussaresses was sentenced following his justification of the use of torture for "apology of war crimes. But academic research has proven both theses false. The suppression of these riots officially saw 1, other deaths, but N. Bancel, P. Blanchard and S. Lemaire estimate the number to be between 6, and 8, Note: concerning the audio and film archives from the Institut national de l'audiovisuel INA , see Benjamin Stora's comments on their politically oriented creation.
He also argues that the least controversial of all the numbers put forward by various groups are those concerning the French soldiers, where government numbers are largely accepted as sound. Most controversial are the numbers of civilians killed. On this subject, he turns to the work of Meynier, who, citing French army documents not the official number posits the range of 55,—60, deaths. Meynier further argues that the best number to capture the harkis deaths is 30, If we add to this, the number of European civilians, which government figures posit as 2, Meynier's work cited was: Meynier, Gilbert.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Not to be confused with Algerian Civil War. Algerian War. Part of a series on the. Middle Ages. Modern times. Contemporary era. Related topics.
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Main article: French conquest of Algeria. Play media. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: Battle of Algiers — Main article: May crisis. Main article: Women in the Algerian War. Main articles: Algiers putsch of and Evian agreements. Main article: History of Algeria since Main article: Torture during the Algerian War. Algeria portal France portal War portal Colonialism portal s portal s portal. The Algerian War — Osprey Publishing.
Hargreaves Lexington Books. The death knell of the French empire was sounded by the bitterly fought Algerian war of independence, which ended in Exile Cultures, Misplaced Identities. The Algerian War came to an end in , and with it closed some years of French colonial presence in Algeria and North Africa. Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. The independence of Algeria in , after a long and bitter war, marked the end of the French Empire.
University of Wales Press. The difficult relationship which France has with the period of history dominated by the Algerian war has been well documented. A Savage War of Peace: Algeria — A Military History of Africa [3 volumes]. Retrieved Mass Atrocity Endings. Oxford University Press. Referring to Evans, Martin. Algeria: France's Undeclared War. New York: Oxford University Press.
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Algeria, A Short History. Armand Colin. International Business Times. Le Monde diplomatique. In Bloxham, Donald; Moses, A. Dirk eds. The Oxford Handbook of Genocide Studies. Palgrave Macmillan US. Within the first three decades, the French military massacred between half a million to one million from approximately three million Algerian people.
Yale University Press. In Algeria, colonization and genocidal massacres proceeded in tandem. From to , its European settler population quadrupled to , Of the native Algerian population of approximately 3 million in , about , to 1 million perished in the first three decades of French conquest. The Making of Contemporary Algeria, Thomas Biographical Dictionary of European Labor Leaders.
Greenwood Publishing Group. The Guardian. Meanwhile, Muslim villages were destroyed and whole populations forced to move to accommodate European farms and industry. As the pieds-noirs grew in number and status, the native Algerians, who had no nationality under French law, did not officially exist.
In Beckett, Ian F.
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New York: St Martin's Press. Journal of Strategic Studies. Strategic Studies Institute. Archived from the original PDF on Michael and the Dragon: Memoirs of a Paratrooper. Houghton Mifflin.
Eh bien! The Eloquence of Silence. London: Routledge, p. Social Research Vol. Archived from the original on 26 July International Journal, Vol. A Savage War of Peace. Monde s. La guerre froide globale. International Affairs. Le Monde. Archived from the original on 19 February The California Review. The Telegraph. Berghahan Books. The Journal of African History. Outline Index. French colonial conflicts. Cold War. Arms race Nuclear arms race Space Race. Category Commons Timeline List of conflicts. Holidays, observances, and celebrations in Algeria.
New Year's Day 1 Yennayer Valentine's Day 14 Tafsut Summer vacation varies. Children's Day 1 Father's Day Independence Day 5. International Day of Peace International Day of Non-Violence 2 Halloween Revolution Day 1. Bold indicates major holidays commonly celebrated in Algeria, which often represent the major celebrations of the month. See also: Lists of holidays. Namespaces Article Talk.
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