Search this site. Thisoversized issue is a must have for any fan! Alter Sack, was nun? Augmented Reality bis Mobile Commerce. Bounce Rate. Business Publishing: mit RagTime 5. Cloud Computing - Chance oder Risiko? Das Axxxxloch Prinzip: Humor ist wenn man trotzdem lacht. Die besten Witze: Weil lachen gesund ist! Die Produkte des Online-Marketing. DMZ Vol. Ein Tanz mit Mr.
Grey: Wer hat eigentlich die Wassermelone getragen? Rainer Gros. Farbmodelle der Computergrafik. Fix und Foxi - Regatta sich, wer kann! Evidence based medicine at medical school: a three week course on the basis of problem based learning [Erlernen evidenz-basierter Medizin in der medizinischen Ausbildung. Ein drei Wochen Blockkurs auf der Grundlage des problemorientierten Lernens. Full Text Available [english] Profound conceptual knowledge in evidence based medicine is required as basic competence for practising physicians.
Therefore contents of courses in medical statistics have moved from mere biostatistical methods to practice oriented concepts like EbM. To train these competences a course for medical statistics was developed and implemented. Course quality and learning objectives were evaluated by questionnaire and exams. Results show that students feel to have reached the learning objectives, feel enabled to understand and to critically appraise relevant literature, and feel well prepared for their own scientific work.
Course contents were judged from satisfying to good. The following items were rated very positively: learning objectives, clinical orientation of the course, integration of subjects, positive learning climate, and content and organization of the course. Exam results were above average. Positive evaluation and exam results recommend this course as blueprint for teaching and learning evidence based biostatistics in medical education.
Als Konsequenz daraus entwickelten sich Lehrinhalte der studentischen Ausbildung in der Biomathematik von der reinen Lehre statistischer Methoden zu praxisorientierten Konzepten, wie dem der evidenzbasierten Medizin. Bildanalyse in Medizin und Biologie. Heutzutage sind bildgebende Verfahren aus medizinischen Untersuchungen nicht mehr wegzudenken. Durch die Flut der erzeugten Bilddaten kommt der Bildverarbeitung im Allgemeinen und der Bildanalyse im Besonderen eine immer wichtigere Rolle zu.
The brown coal open mining. Significance, planning, operation, technology, environment; Der Braunkohlentagebau. Bedeutung, Planung, Betrieb, Technik , Umwelt. Bergbau und Spezialtiefbau; Muellensiefen, Klaus eds. Sparte Tagebau; Stoll, Rolf Dieter. Darueber hinaus ist es fuer Studierende der Ingenieur- und speziell der Rohstoffwissenschaften und damit zukuenftige Fuehrungskraefte im Bergbau oder von artverwandten Industrien gedacht.
Der Schwerpunkt der Betrachtung liegt auf den heute foerdernden grossen Revieren in Deutschland: Lausitz, Mitteldeutschland und Rheinland. Mit wenigen Beispielen wird jedoch auch auf andere interessante Aspekte von Gewinnungstechniken ausserhalb der deutschen Grenzen eingegangen. Der Themenbogen spannt sich von der Entstehung der Lagerstaetten ueber die planerische Vorbereitung der Braunkohlengewinnung einschliesslich der rechtlichen Grundlagen, den Betrieb und die Technik bis zu den Aspekten der Umsiedlung und Rekultivierung sowie des Umweltschutzes.
State of the art for noise reduction in biogas plants. Sound technical analyses, research, investigations; Stand der Technik zur Laermminderung bei Biogasanlagen. Schalltechnische Analysen, Recherchen, Untersuchungen. Approximately biogas plants are currently being built in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, which were mainly built in an agricultural context. At the beginning of about 15 percent of the country's electricity was generated by domestic biogas plants.
This publication is intended to serve as a guide to the authorities, planners and engineers, in order to be able to plan, erect and operate biogas plants in the most conflict-free manner. Anfang des Jahres wurde etwa 15 Prozent des Stroms im Land durch einheimische Biogasanlagen erzeugt. Diese Veroeffentlichung soll den Behoerden, Planern und Ingenieurbueros als Handlungsleitfaden dienen, um Biogasanlagen unter Beruecksichtigung des Standes der Technik moeglichst konfliktfrei planen, errichten und betreiben zu koennen. The authors of this book have chosen examples from their individual life stories to illustrate the interpretative character of technology.
Phlebography of the upper extremity. Technique and findings in examinations; Die Phlebographie der oberen Extremitaet. Technik und Befunde bei Untersuchungen. The detailed method of examination as well as anatomical variants of the vessels are explained. The group of patients was analysed concerning its composition and was subdivided with regard to clinically relevant diagnoses.
Contrary to statements in the literature, the number of pathological findings in men or women were equal. The main age was between 40 and 50 years. The brachial vein was found to be doubled so often that this might be accepted as a normal situation. Phlebographic examinations were performed in the right arm twice as often as in the left one.
Die Untersuchungstechnik wird ebenso wie anatomische Gefaessvarianten dargestellt. Das Patientenkollektiv wurde sowohl hinsichtlich seiner Zusammensetzung analysiert als auch nach klinisch relevanten Diagnosegruppen hin aufgearbeitet. Entgegen den Literaturangaben waren Patienten mit pathologischen Armphlebographien gleichhaeufig maennlich oder weiblich. Der Altersgipfel lag zwischen 40 und 50 Jahren.
Prof. Marian A. HERMAN
Phlebographien wurden doppelt so oft am rechten als am linken Arm durchgefuehrt. The production of biofuels in Germany. State of the art and optimization approaches; Die Biokraftstoffproduktion in Deutschland. Stand der Technik und Optimierungsansaetze. Determining the status quo of existing biofuel plants in Germany, an extensive database of process configurations was received.
This information was used to develop simulation models of virtual biofuel plants, which are now available for further investigations. The GHG emissions of biofuels can partly be improved by the studied optimization approaches. The studied optimization approaches can hence contribute to the increasing requirements for GHG reductions of biofuels. The integration of multiple optimization approaches in one concept would improve its GHG balance further. In addition to the investigated technical measures, emissions could also be reduced by adapting the energy supply.
The use of biofuels for heat generation, for example, could have an additional reducing effect on total GHG emissions, because a fossil fuel-based heat and electricity supply is the main driver of the GHG balance. From the communication with contacts in the industry it can be said that the German biofuel industry operates production plants that have already reached a high level of efficiency. At many locations, additional measures and modifications are planned, not only driven by economic reasons but also to further improve the GHG balance.
Photorefractive lithium niobate crystals for applications in photonics; Photorefraktive Lithiumniobatkristalle fuer Anwendungen in der Photonik. Crystals are investigated at room temperature and at elevated temperatures. As a result 'classical' photorefractive holographic volume-phase gratings, originating from space charge fields and the electro-optic effect, and 'non-classical' photorefractive volume-phase gratings, which can be traced back to strong absorption gratings, emerge. Single domain and periodically poled crystals PPLN are investigated.
PPLN is typically used in non-linear optics for frequency conversion. The crystals also show non-linear photorefractive response during holographic recording with isotropically polarized light beams of equal intensity and, in the case of PPLN, by mixing of domain and holographic gratings. Development of a high performance drivage by 'Bolter-Miner' technology; Entwicklung eines Hochleistungsvortriebs mittels Bolter-Miner- Technik. Vierhaus, R.
This benchmarking project coming from the australian mining industry was put into practice for the first time in the german hard coal industry. It was rapidly turned out, that the demands of the roadways concerning the number and length of the required bolts and as well as the safety aspects are very different to the visited headings in Australia. Dieses Benchmarking-Projekt aus dem australischen Bergbau wurde erstmalig im deutschen Steinkohlenbergbau umgesetzt.
Es zeigte sich sehr schnell, dass die Anforderungen der Strecken in bezug auf die Anzahl und Laenge der einzubauenden Anker sowie die sicherheitlichen Aspekte zu den besuchten Vortrieben in Australien stark differierten. Delphi report on developments in science and technology. Its emphasis is on technology demand and the relevance of technologies to social issues. Although the Mini-Delphi study was primarily aimed at further refining the methodology employed, it nevertheless contains a wealth of information and details on circumscript questions. The requisite database is provided by tables on the results of two inquiry rounds among Japanese and German experts.
Im Vordergrund steht der Gedanke des Technikbedarfs und die Relevanz fuer gesellschaftliche Fragestellungen. Die im Bericht. CT-guided brachytherapy. A novel percutaneous technique for interstitial ablation of liver malignancies; CT-gesteuerte Brachytherapie. Eine neue perkutane Technik zur interstitiellen Ablation von Lebermetastasen. Ricke, J. Ergebnisse: Die mittlere Tumorgroesse betrug 4,6 cm 2, cm. Ein Patient entwickelte eine Obstruktion des Ductus choledochus durch ein strahleninduziertes Tumoroedem in unmittelbarer Nachbarschaft.
Leberenzymparameter und Bilirubinwerte zeigten regelhaft diskrete Anstiege ohne klinisches Korrelat. Schiussfolgerung: CT-gesteuerte Brachytherapie ist sicher und effektiv. Die Technik ermoeglicht gegenueber thermischen Ablationsverfahren eine breitere Indikationsstellung hinsichtlich Tumorgroesse und Tumorlokalisation. CT-guided percutaneous neurolysis methods. State of the art and first results; CT-gesteuerte Neurolysen. Stand der Technik und aktuelle Ergebnisse. Schneider, B. Radiodiagnostik, Radiologische Universitaetsklinik Heidelberg Germany.
Irreversible Komplikationen werden bei Einhalten der korrekten Technik und Verwendung duenner oder gg. Wir beobachten bei 20 durchgefuehrten lumbalen Sympathikolysen 7 klinische Verbesserungen und 13 Amputationen. Die Hypothese, eine Extremitaetenerwaermung nach Sympathikolyse sei nur durch Stealeffekte zugunsten der Hautdurchblutung bedingt, konnte durch Flussmessungen widerlegt werden. Waehrend bei der lumbalen Sympathikolyse vor allem die Vorselektion des Patientenguts die unterschiedlichen Erfolgsraten erklaert, spielen bei den anderen Verfahren vor allem die Indikationsstellungen eine herausragende Rolle.
Patienten mit palmarer Hyperhidrose profitieren mehr von der perkutanen Neurolyse als Patienten mit Raynaudsymptomatik, Patienten mit Pankreaskarzinom mehr als solche mit Pankreatitis. The study was carried out in an urban area featuring altered relief and use of land. This caused problems with draining the terrain, particularly at times of increased rainwater and meltwater supply. In order to identify the causes of the occurring problems, we compared land relief prior and after the plot was developed, as well as indicated the directions of surface water runoff Fig. Time-consuming and expensive geological research activities were restricted to minimum Tab.
Thermische Therapieanwendungen zeigen im Vergleich zur Placeboanwendung wenig Wirksamkeitsunterschied. Aplikace SEO technik pro marketing. The aim of this thesis is to describe in detail the current ways of optimizing websites for search engines SEO and to apply them in a broader marketing strategy of italian restaurant La Casa Degli Amici.
The thesis presents evidence about the importance of SEO for marketing and can be used as a template for optimizing you own website. This thesis is divided into two main parts - theoretical and practical. The theoretical part explains the concepts used in the design and implementation of th Ernst Mach: pedagog a technik.
A field report on "Medical Interaction" as part of a problem-based curriculum at the Ruhr University in Bochum, Germany. Full Text Available [english] Handling strong emotions like sorrow, anger, shame, and fear in patients with somatic disease in an adequate way is a key issue for the future physician.
Up to now, this aspect of the doctor? The course presented is given by the Department of General Medicine. The course is composed of six modules one introductory and one for each leading affect. The main teaching methods are realistic role plays in a small group setting with video feedback, whereby one main requirement is that each student plays the role of both the patient and the doctor.
Each session is introduced and analyzed by a general practitioner experienced in psychosomatic medicine. Evaluation of the course has shown a high acceptance among students. This motivates us to conduct a public discussion on the possibilities of applying this concept in other medical studies as well. Zielsetzung ist die Verbesserung der emotionalen und kommunikativen Kompetenz des Studierenden. Um dies zu erreichen soll dem eigenen emotionalen Erleben in der Arzt. Kalle, T. Radiologisches Inst. Bewertet wurden die aorto-iliakalen, femoralen, popliteo-kruralen und pedalen Arterien.
Ursache einer diagnostischen Einschraenkung war in 24 der 80 Faelle die Ueberlagerung der Arterien durch kontrastierte Venen Protokoll A vs. Schlussfolgerung: Die CEMRA in Hybridtechnik ist der konventionellen kraniokaudalen Tischverschiebe- Technik hinsichtlich stoerender Ueberlagerung durch kontrastierte Venen deutlich ueberlegen und eignet sich besser vor allem fuer die diagnostische Darstellung der kruro-pedalen Region.
Full Text Available [english] Aims: Despite many efforts by support groups, mental health professionals and health care policy-makers, a stigmatization of psychiatry as a specialty and of mentally ill people is still prevalent in the general population. Earlier studies have shown that the stigma is prevalent even among psychiatric professionals and students of medicine and psychology.
However, past studies on this issue often used questionnaires with a limited validity. Also questionnaires do not necessarily allow a neutral assessment of the underlying concepts of the student. Methods: In this study students were asked to create mind maps on psychiatry. Stigma-associated negative concepts were more prevalent than positive connotations. Conclusions: Overall, it was shown that mind maps can be used with ease and quantified according to constructivist learning theory to explore disease concepts without the need for predefined or poorly validated questionnaires.
Methodik: In der vorliegenden Studie wurden Studierende gebeten. Die Operation war erfolgreich. Diese Kopie wurde mit Cyclotron for medicine and research; Zyklotron fuer Medizin und Forschung. A heavy-duty crane hoisted the new compact cyclotron to its destination, an underground concrete bunker. There it will from summer produce radionuclides for the synthesis of radiopharmaca, by which it is possible among others to detect tumors, to pursue metabolic processes, and to investigate the mechanisms of action of drugs.
Bibliometrie 2. Full Text Available [english] The general digital change leads to profound transformation in research and publication processes. New ways of communication are being increasingly used for scientific exchange. The data used for the measurement of this science communication are called alternative metrics or Altmetrics.
Figures such as downloads or views, social networks, blogs, bookmarking services and reference management systems are included. The determination of useful numbers from the variety of different types of publications, such as articles, data sets, blog posts, online-evaluation systems, social networks, usage numbers, requires huge effort. Providers of Altmetrics services develop concepts to integrate these metrics on an own platform and to provide additional functions for further data processing.
Aspects of interest were coverage, usability, accountability and openness of the systems. In addition, the question was discussed to what extent Altmetrics are already being used in medicine. The results showed significant differences in several ways. These included the analyzed data material artifacts, the individual metrics, evaluation methods, interfaces, reporting options and the respective business model.
Full Text Available [english] Objective: The selection of a future medical specialty is a challenge all medical students face during the course of their studies. Students can choose from more than sixty specialties after graduation. There is usually no structured career counselling program available at German medical faculties. So far only little data on acceptance, formats and effects of different career counselling programs are available.
The aim of this study is to describe an innovative format of career counselling for medical students including its evaluation of acceptance and its possible influence on medical specialty preferences. Methods: The need for career counselling became evident after the analysis of mentor-mentee conversations held within the mentoring program of our medical faculty, an online-based survey, an ad-hoc focus group and a pilot event.
Students evaluated all events separately with a questionnaire and changes in medical specialty choice preferences were documented using an Audience-Response-System ARS. The FacharztDuell is organized regularly and supported by faculty teaching funds. On average, Conclusion: FacharztDuell was well accepted by medical students of all semesters and seems to be supportive for their selection of a future medical specialty. However, longitudinal studies are necessary to better understand the decision making process of medical students along their career path. The FacharztDuell is easily transferrable to other faculties with respect to organization, staff and technical resources.
The book contains abstracts on: 1 Pathogenesis, course and therapy of diabetes mellitus; 2 recent developments in the treatment of infectious diseases; 3 chronic bronchitis; 4 pathogenesis, prevention and therapy of arteriosclerosis, 5 present problems in thyroid diseases. Papers were read on the subjects of cardiology, angiology, clinical immunology, heamatology, metabolism, rheumatology endocrinology, gastroenterology, psychosomatics, intensive care, diabetology, haemostasiology, infectious diseases, hepatology, pneumology, nephrology, clinical pharmacology, hypertension, and oncology.
MG [de. Nuclear medicine Abstracts; Nuklear Medizin Technology for profounds; Technik fuers Tiefgruendige. The entire planning of offshore wind farms is based on a reliable preliminary exploration of the sea bed. Thus, researchers have developed a new method with which the sea bed can be inspected much more accurate than before. For this, the Fraunhofer Institute for Wind Energy and Energy System Technology Bremerhaven, Federal Republic of Germany has developed a preliminary exploration procedure that examines the sedimentary structure by means of sound waves.
Compared to conventional methods, this preliminary exploration procedure has two advantages: 1 A special air pressure pulser airgun is used as a special air pressure pulse. The airgun produces air bubbles that are pumped into the water exercising pressure and thus producing an acoustic signal; 2 The reflected acoustic signals are recorded not only by a single detector, but also by 60 hydrophones that are pulled at a tube behind the boat.
Engineering and the constitution. Technik und Verfassung. We can see at every turn how instruments once used for the good of mankind become blunt right before our very eyes. They still serve their purpose, but each further step brings about less additional benefit 'residual benefit'. This is a fundamental problem rather than a detail problem, as it is the self-concept, reliability and stability of our public order that is at risk. Medizinbibliothekarische Bibliografie The present study is based on the integration of remote sensing techniques on Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer ASTER , geochemical data analysis consisting of stream sediment and lithogeochemical samples, within geological field observations and mineralographical studies to identify Cu prospect.
These methods revealed that three types of alterations: argillic, phyllic, and iron oxide zones occurring at the NE and SE of Abhar sheet, while the propylitic and silica zones are developed in NW and SW of the studied area. Geochemical anomalies were separated by number-size N-S method.
Interpretation of N-S log-log plots of Cu in the area may be a result of the three steps of enrichment, i. Field checks and Mineralgraphical studies also confirm the existence of suitable copper mineralization. Sovereignty in engineering and ergonomics; Souveraen in Technik und Ergonomie. The new S-Class is taking off with a demonstrative overall concept, trendsetting safety and the highest degree of driving comfort.
Agility and driving dynamics resulting from a harmonic interaction of design, technology and ergonomics provide a maximum comfort. Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe Technik und Umwelt. Research and development programme The Karlsruhe Research Center is a national research establishment placed under the responsibility of the Federal Republic of Germany and the Federal Land of Baden-Wuerttemberg, and as a member of the Hermann von Helmholtz-Gemeinschaft Deutscher Forschungszentren belongs to the most important and independent research centers in Germany working in the fields of the natural sciences and engineering sciences.
The center's research and development activities are defined in coordination with the policy and programmes of the two responsible Federal and Land Governments and span the range from pre-industrial research through to product and process development, research of a provident nature, and fundamental scientific research work, with almost all R and D activities of the center relating in one way or other to technology and the environment.
The research programme of the center today covers subjects and aspects relating to the environment, energy, key technologies, and fundamental research, whereas at the time the center was founded, nuclear science and engineering was the dominating field of activities. The current spectrum of activities reflects the evolution in the past and is characterized by a great complexity of problems involved, which requires cross-disciplinary cooperation, and foresight in the definition of tasks and time horizons.
Technology, threat or hope. Technik , Bedrohung oder Hoffnung. The booklet intends to be a contribution to the objective investigation of social political problems of hostility towards technology. Technology is presented as a force of innovation for the social and economic development. The contribution from the most different perspectives of social groups do not intend to be a record of the discussion but rather a contribution to a dialogue which must be increasingly carried on through all groups socially relevant.
Battery systems. State of the art; Batteriesysteme. Stand der Technik. Due to the emergence of electromobility and the increase in the fluctuating supply of renewable energy wind and PV electrical storage systems are gaining in importance again.
In the area of electromobility they have even become a key technology. In the electromobile sector a clear decision in favour of Li ion batteries has already been evident for some time. None of the other technologies are being discussed any longer with regard to this application.
Hybrid vehicles today mostly use NiMH storages, but this area too will see the entry of Li ion batteries. In the microhybrid area the improvements achieved with lead batteries will play an important role. Regarding stationary systems there is as yet no such clear-cut focus on any single technology to be observed, but rather a number of technologies being developed and tested concurrently. Redox flow batteries and high temperature batteries will play an important role here.
However, lithium ion systems will try to get a foot in the door in this area as well. Esperanto for technical systems; Esperanto fuer die Technik. There are more than enough internet-based monitoring systems, but they all have their limits when it comes to integrating them into control systems. A communication standard is urgently required. Economics - politics - technology. Wirtschaft - Politik - Technik. The themes of the various aspects of the energy sector collected in this volume and discussed by different authors are: Energy policy, energy demand-research and forecasts, energy supplies, new technologies for future energy supply, generation of electrical energy by nuclear power stations, effect on the environment of energy plants, legal problems of site planning, and the authorisation of energy plants.
Research and development program The five main fields of research and the activities under the R and D program are explained in great detail in five chapters with the following captions: 1. The sixth chapter presents cross-cutting activities under the program: Technology transfer and marketing TTM. The concluding chapter lists and briefly presents the activities of the scientific and technical institutes of the Karlsruhe Research Center.
CB [de. Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Technik und Umwelt. Progress report The points of main effort which are discussed reflect the institution's R and D scheme. The summaries submitted by the different institutes and departments are compiled by the topics and fields they deal with.
The report gives an account of the progress under each of the KfK R and D projects. This correlation facilitates comparisons between the targets and actual achievements and elucidates the general relation between the individual tasks which often are in the care of several institutes at a time. The departments and institutes and their respective tasks are introduced, and a comprehensive appendix is attached which lists the publications. Technology for the future; Technik fuer die Zukunft.
The presented case study by the Fraunhofer Institute ISE shows that the market for stationary electrochemical storage prices are currently too high for economical operation. In winter, a battery in Germany is not always fully loaded because of low sunlight. Therefore, the combination of a battery with a PV system at this time of year does not have enough full cycles to be economical.
For more complete cycles of the year and consequently lower specific storage cost wind turbines or other power generators can be connected. Since - in contrast to lead acid batteries - there is no experience with long-term storage in lithium and redox flow batteries, this study is based on current forecasts. Compared to lithium-ion batteries, lead-acid and redox flow batteries have a lower efficiency, so that the investment costs of the battery must be lower because fewer savings can be achieved.
Especially for short-term storage, the production costs must be reduced. The cost reduction potential of redox flow and lithium-ion batteries is due to the current technical state of development compared to lead acid batteries very high. This means that an economic operation in the future is possible with constant development of electricity and battery prices.
Im Winter wird eine Batterie in Deutschland aufgrund der niedrigen Sonneneinstrahlung nicht immer komplett geladen. Fuer mehr Vollzyklen im Jahr und demzufolge geringere spezifische Speicherkosten koennen Windkraftanlagen oder andere Stromerzeuger angeschlossen werden. Im Vergleich zu Lithium-Ionen-Batterien haben Bleisaeure- und Redox-Flow-Batterien einen geringeren Wirkungsgrad, so dass die Investitionskosten des Speichers geringer sein muessen, da weniger Einsparungen erzielt werden koennen.
Vor allem fuer Kurzzeitspeicher muessen die Herstellungskosten gesenkt werden. Das Kostenreduktionspotenzial von Redox-Flow- und Lithium-Ionen-Batterien ist aufgrund des aktuellen technischen Entwicklungsstands verglichen mit Bleisaeure-Batterien sehr hoch.
Dies bedeutet, dass bei bleibender Entwicklung der Strom- und Batteriepreise ein wirtschaftlicher Betrieb in Zukunft moeglich ist. The smart - development and technology; Der smart - Entwicklung und Technik. The smart is the first representative of a radically new vehicle concept, with minimum space requirements and trend-setting in terms of ecology, safety, and individualism.
The new design is not rooted in any tradition. The contribution describes the development process and constructional features of the smart. Bei kleinstem Raumbedarf soll er neue Massstaebe bei Oekologie, Sicherheit und Individualitaet setzen. Entstanden ist eine konsequente Neukonstruktion, die sich von bisherigen Traditionen loest. In diesem Beitrag sind der Entwicklungsprozess sowie die Konstruktionsmerkmale des smart beschrieben.
Technology, society and nature. Technik , Gesellschaft und Natur. This paper intends to counter with a demand for systematics the boom of ecological oriented criticism passed on technical science and engineering and on the fact that individual sciences make a subject of engineering. It deals with the theoretical foundations of relationships between technology, society and nature. An interdisciplinary approach attempts to do justice to the multi-dimensionality of engineering and ''technology''.
This approach includes the formulation of questions and the findings of social sciences, philosophy, and technology. The object is to determine technology as a form of social practice - a practice which includes the vital adjustment of man to his natural environment as well as the organisation of his social behaviour.
Humanism and technology. Yearbook Humanismus und Technik. The present situation of primary energy in the WOCC-countries world outside communist countries and especially in the Federal Republic of Germany gives cause to anticipate that coal, in addition to nuclear energy, will gain increasingly more importance as a substitutional energy for petroleum and natural gas in medium-term, i.
Furthermore, coal will be the bridge between the present which is characterised mainly by fossil primary energies and the future which is likely to be based on nuclear energy, solar energy and hydrogen. The article deals with the question of whether coal is able to play this role of a substitutional and bridging energy.
Is is shown that this seems to be possible as far as the natural resources and reserves and todays mining and transport technologies and the present situation of the world coal market are concerned. Abstracts — eine facettenreiche Textsorte der Wissenschaft. Im ersten Teil des Beitrags werden die unterschiedlichen Arten von Abstracts anhand von Textbeispielen aus der Linguistik, der Medizin und den Technikwissenschaften expliziert. Im zweiten Teil untersucht der Beitrag anhand von Abstracts, die von deutschen Studierenden der Technik - und Ingenieurwissenschaften im Rahmen ihrer fachbezogenen Englischausbildung verfasst wurden, inwieweit die textsortenimmanenten Merkmale auch von Lernenden in der Textproduktion in der Fremdsprache umgesetzt wurden.
Fear of technology - trust in creation. A dialogue between technologists and theologists. Angst vor der Technik - Vertrauen in die Schoepfung. Techniker und Theologen im Dialog. With the assistance of science and technology, man has been altering all areas of life and the environment in an increasingly varying manner, particularly since the time of the industrial revolution. Even the environment of future generations has already been affected. Concern over this development has brought together well-known representatives from the areas of science, technology, theology and ethics for an exchange of views on the technological and ethical problems.
The basic conflict between nature and technology, ecology and economy, between the task of creation and the egoistic wishes of mankind is presented in this book in a very readable way by experts. Full Text Available [english] Background: Learning on the ward as a practice-oriented preparation for the future workplace plays a crucial role in the medical education of future physicians. Students were divided into four different focus groups. The protocols were transcribed and a content analysis was conducted based on grounded theory.
Results: We gathered a total of relevant individual statements. The students hope for a successful integration within the ward team, reliable and supportive supervisors and supervision in small groups. They expect to face the most common diseases, to train the most important medical skills, to assume full responsibility for their own patients and to acquire their own medical identity. The students fear an insufficient time frame to achieve their aims.
They are also concerned they will have too little contact with patients and inadequate supervision. Conclusion: For the development and standardization of effective student internships, the greatest relevance should be attributed to guidance and supervision by professionally trained and well-prepared medical teachers, entailing a significant increase in staff and costs. Ritter Welcome Address W. Kotnarowska et al. Myalski et al. Hiratsuka Contributed presentation Selection of oils for porous bearings A.
Giemza et al. Neyman et al. Pauschitz Invited presentation 9: Nano- and microscopic characterization of surfaces of engineering materials K. Drabik et al. Nearly 1, technical professionals from around the world are expected to attend. The conference program will feature more than presentations in 48 sessions devoted to state-of-the-art research and industry practice, with presenters from academia, government and industry. An expanded exhibit program will feature more than 85 companies and organizations presenting the latest in products and services for the lubrication professional.
Information and registration materials for the Annual Meeting and Exhibition will be mailed in January to STLE members, past attendees, and interested parties. To request registration materials or more information, visit the STLE website at www. Brionne email: brionne ensic. Bartz Referenten: Prof. Mai Veranstaltung Nr. The two-day workshop is being organized by CSEM. The objective is to provide a forum for experts in fabricating microsystems and tribologists involved in micro and nanotribology to discuss problems and find solutions for the critical tribological issues associated with microsystems.
The Invited Speakers at this workshop will be tentatively : Prof. Please contact Ms. Abstract Submission: You are invited to submit an abstract for an oral presentation at the meeting. For further information please visit the workshop website: www. Ingham email: amt6dbi amsta. A large portion of this conference addresses mechanical engineering aspects of data storage and information processing applications and hence, might be of interest to you.
Some important dates of the conference are as follows. Deadline would be extended somewhat because of the Thanksgiving holiday in US. Thank you very much for your attention of this issue. Look forward to receiving your contribution. Yasunaga Mitsuya Nagoya University Dept. Johan K. Thomas Gempp,Dipl. Christof Klesen,Prof. Rainer Nordmann,Dr. Traxler,Bruno Wagner,Dipl. Otto Linnemann,Dr. Keuper Hotline: Wilfried. Ellmer, Ingenieure Prof.
Materials for publication should be submitted before April 15, abstracts and before June 30, articles. Chairman of the organizing committee Samara Kozlov D. Chairman of the organizing committee Samara Veretennikov V. Kuznetsov Samara Doronin V. Kuznetsov Samara Kirilin A. Collections of abstracts and articles will be published on the basis of the conference materials. Applications for participation should be submitted to our address before April 15, Registration fee is US dollars three hundred roubles for Russian citizens. Program and collection of abstracts will be handed out to participants on the day the conference opens.
Materials are to meet the following requirements: Language publications Russian or English Number of pages: abstract up to 2; article up to 7 Text: - typewritten hard copy and diskette 3. Then after a space comes the complete name of the organisation and city after another space follows the text printed with one space between the lines. Contact telephones: - 2 - ; ; e-mail: fdla ssau. Bartz Hotline: Wilfried. Teil I: Grundlagen Bartz Referenten: Hotline: Wilfried. Yanuar email: istpl4 yahoo.
We would be grateful if you are interested in the conference and consider to submit papers. We now provide a web-based electronic paper submission procedure so that you could submit papers easilly. We look forward to meeting you in Kobe next year! Workshop for invited participants: 9. Cox email: jeanette. Faruk Arinc email: arinc metu. Over the past years this concept has been treated theoretically and tested experimentally. This gave rise to the development of a new scientific trend - Physical Mesomechanics, which allows one to relate mechanics of the solids under loading to the physics of plasticity and strength.
Physical Mesomechanics considers solids under loading as a multilevel self-organized system where shear stability loss occurs in a self-consistent way at micro-, meso- and macroscale levels. It gives rise to dissipative mesostructures and fragmentation of solids at the mesolevel.
Fracture is the final stage of fragmentation of solids where its global shear stability loss occurs at the macrolevel. In last ten years a large body of experimental and theoretical research of behavior of solids under loading were done at micro-, meso- and macroscale levels. The results of these investigations allow one to refine understanding of the mechanisms of deformation and fracture of solids in various conditions of loading. Physical Mesomechanics was the topic of several international conferences took place in Russia, Israel, Germany, China and Denmark.
Application of the methods of Physical Mesomechanics to the problems of heterogeneous material response to different loading, fatigue and wear; nondestructive testing, experimental and computational methods, hardening and reconditioning technologies, materials for electronics will be in the focus of the Workshop. A special session will be devoted to geodynamics. There will be Plenary sessions including key-note lectures. Round table and poster sessions will also be organized. Tomsk, one of the oldest and most beautiful cities in Siberia, was founded in and it will celebrate the th anniversary next year.
The wooden architecture of the city, preserved from old times, is harmoniously combined with modern buildings. The present-day Tomsk is an important scientific and cultural center in the east of Russia. The city called Siberian Athens has 6 universities and more than 20 scientific research institutes. Abstracts should be sent in hard copy by mail and in electronic form by e-mail in MS Word or RTF format only as soon as possible and no later than May 1, A book of abstracts will be published before the Workshop and will be available at the time of registration.
The key-note and selected poster papers will be issued in the International Journal 'Physical Mesomechanics'. There is a special discount on the registration fee. The objective of the society is to engage in all activities intended to promote in Europe the development of mechanics as a branch of science and engineering. Mechanics deals with motion, flow and deformation of matter, be it fluid or solid, under the action of applied forces, and with any associated phenomena.
The conference will cover the whole field of Fluid Dynamics, ranging from very fundamental aspects to recent applications. This conference will provide a unique opportunity for fluid dynamicists to see what is going on in this very active field in Europe and to exchange their views on recent developments. The conference will comprise invited lectures, oral presentations, poster sessions, and three mini-symposia dealing with selected topics.
Selection of papers will be made on the basis of a one-page abstract. The use of fax and classic mail is restricted to persons for whom electronic means are not available. Hotel accommodation has to be arranged by the attendees themselves. To help them, a list of hotels with rates and addresses is available at the hotel page.
Classification, Data Analysis, and Knowledge Organization
Note that rooms have been pre-booked until June 30, Conference schedule November 1, Registration possible on the Web site. December 10, Deadline for abstracts submission 1 page. Texts must follow the guidelines sent out and given on the Web site. The authors must also specify preference for an oral or a poster presentation. January 10, Deadline for application for young researchers' fellowships.
March 1, Notification of acceptance oral or poster. Preliminary programme is drawn up and made available on the Web site. April 1, Notification of acceptance of fellowships for young researchers. May 1, Deadline for registration at a reduced fee. Registration deadline for authors of oral presentations. Final programme available on the Web site. June 30, Deadline for payment at a reduced fee and for the reservation of pre-booked hotel rooms. These prizes, euro each, will reward the best oral and poster presentations given during EFMC by scientists less than 35 years old at the time of the conference.
To apply to these prizes, young contributors must send an electronic mail to the EFMC Conference Office efmc imft. This e-mail must specify the date of birth of the applicant, his or her address and the title and number of his or her abstract. Note that applicants must be the presenting author of their contribution oral or poster.
Paticipants less than 35 years old at the time of the conference may apply for a partial financial support. To this end, after having submitted their abstract, they have to send a short vitae, a motivation letter and a copy of their abstract all three in PdF format to the e-mail address: fyrefmc imft. This package must be sent not later than January 10, The possibility for a financial support will be examined only for those of the applicants whose abstract will have been accepted by the Euromech Fluid Mechanics Conference Committee.
The decision will be notified by electronic mail, not later than April 1, There are also frequent trains running to Toulouse from the main French cities facilities and access maps. You can find in the link hereafter general information about Toulouse including urban transport : www.
Mini-symposia will consist of oral presentations on the following topics: Aeroacoustics conveners: J. Delfs, Braunschweig; A. Dowling, Cambridge Experimental techniques: Light and sound conveners: C. Baudet, Grenoble; J. Westerweel, Delft ; Microgravity fluids dynamics conveners: M. Dreyer, Bremen; B. Zappoli, Toulouse Go to authors instructions for further information. Albi Tourist Office. August 26 evening: Banquet: an opportunity to enjoy the tasty world famous cuisine of southwest France, in the Chateau de Croisillat.
For accompanying persons: August 25 afternoon: Visit of Toulouse guided walk in the historical centre of the city Toulouse Tourist Office. Walicki email: E. Walicki ijame. Papers are therefore invited from the fields of mechanics, material science and physico-chemistry that focus on the transient aspect of a particular phenomenon in friction, lubrication and wear. During the last few years it has become clear that the original formula of the Seminar, which was intended as a platform for exchange of ideas between the scientist from the "East" and "West", is exhausted.
We decided to switch the formula to a more typical workshop gathering surfacists, experimentalists and theoreticians, working on rapidly developing research field of surface science. The program of the Workshop is built around invited talks presented by the world leader scientists. Certain number of contributed papers 10 will be selected for oral 20 min. Proceedings of the meeting will be published. There will be ample time for discussion.
Emphasis will be put on the creation of maximum opportunities for informal discussion and the facilitating of direct person-to-person exchanges of ideas about new developement. The idea is to encourage stronger contacts between the young scientists and the senior figures of various fields. There will be young scientists presentations. The format of the Workshop will be limited to about - participants. The venue of the Workshop will be Polanica Zdroj a small spa town located midway between Wroclaw and Prague some km from Prague , on the Polish side of the border.
Organizers: Prof. Objectives The objectives are to highlight the issues of wear and friction between interacting surfaces in relative motion as well as the effect lubrication has on these interacting surfaces which are a prerequisite for product function, quality and cost. These characteristics have environmental as well as life cycle consequences which emphasise the importance their consideration has during the early stages of product design.
It is the purpose of this conference to draw together expertise in this multi-disciplinary field to assist in a better understanding of the issues relating to tribological characteristics so that they can be addressed early in the product design stage. The first conference on Tribology in Environmental Design took place in and was a very great success, with a large international participation. For general information please visit website: www. Abstract Submission Deadline: 15 January Submit your abstract for consideration today!
All costs associated with your participation are your responsibility travel, housing, registration, etc. Interested authors should submit a words abstract in English to www. You will be notified as to the acceptance of your abstract approximately the first week of March Deadline for manuscript submissions will be AT the event and the book published by the end of the year. Organizing Committee: Dr. Phillip J. Stanley A. Darel E.
Henry J. Ming H. Siegfried F. Reiner Jardot,Dr. Franz Joachim,Dipl. Eduard M. Klaus Michaelis,Dr. Joachim Vetter,Dip Hotline: Wilfried. Leonard L. Vasiliev email: Lvasil hmti. It is aimed at people from industry and academic institutions, who have a shared interest in recent developments in elucidating the mechanisms of additives in forming protective coatings, as well as the increasing use, by coating manufacturers, of highly structured approaches to improving wear resistance. Inwited speakers and prowisional titles of talks Prof. Tick boxes as appropriate? Please send the second circular and application form?
Russian and English with translation. Registration Form of a participant is filled in the same way as the one of author. Fortov Deputy Chairmen: acad. RAS D. M Klimov acad. RAS E. Fedosov acad. RAS K. Frolov corr. RAS V. Kolesnikov Scientific secretary: dr. Bronovets Members: acad. Avduevskii acad. RAS N. Anfimov acad. A, Babeshko acad. Bolotin acad.
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RAS R. Ganiev acad. Kolesnikov acad. RAS A. Kurzhanskii acad. Matrosov acad. RAS F. Mitenkov acad. Morozov acad. RAS G. Novozhilov acad. Panin acad. Pashin acad.
Peshekhonov acad. RAS I. Spasskii acad. RAS M. Tishehenko acad. RAS O. Favorskii acad. Chernousko acad. Chorny acad. Shipynov acad. Shorin dr. Bassani Italy dr. Bartz Germany dr. Gerve Germany dr. Franek Austria dr. Jacobson Sweden dr. Johnson Great Britain dr. Holmberg Finland dr. Kato Japan dr. Larsen-Basse USA dr. Mathia France dr. Pascal France dr. Pytko Poland dr. Schiehien Germany dr. Vishnevetsky USA dr. Kolesnikov corr. Goryacheva gen. Slyusar Members: cor. RAS B. Gusev corr. Inozemcev corr. Mahoutov prof. Boushe prof. Garkunoy prof.
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ICershenbaum prof A. Lisitsyn prof. Louzhnov prof. Myshkin prof. Pleskachevskii prof. Homeriki prof. Chichinadze prof. Guda prof. Jevdokimov prof. Elmanov prof. Zarifyan dr. Ivanochkin prof. Maiba dr. Okhotnikov dr. Prihodko dr. Chelokhyan prof. Recent advances in measurement techniques have extended the scope of roughness measurements to much smaller scales and many new results wait to be reported. On the other hand, the methodology and techniques of roughness measurement and characterisation have been extended to quite different fields of technological application with fascinating results.
Scope The measurement, characterisation and analysis of surface roughness on any scale. This is to include experimental, theoretical and computational work. Conference subjects will include: Bioengineering; Nano surfaces; Surface measurements; Instrumentation; Topological characterisation of surfaces; Tribology; Industrial applications; Optical surfaces. There will be a special emphasis this year on applications of 3D measurement. Aims The aims of the Conference are as before, to bring together practising engineers and research workers in a forum where the latest work can be reported, and where the progress made since the last Conference can be discussed and assimilated so that its benefits may be transferred to industry and to scientists and engineers in other disciplines.
Organisations interested in exhibiting should contact the Conference Secretary for further details. Workshop There will be a one-day tutorial workshop on the preconference day on the theory and practice of surface roughness, with the opportunity for hands-on use of the latest measuring instruments. Venue The conference will be organised this year by Halmstad University, currently one of Sweden's leading centres for research in surface topography.
This is oniy the second time that the Conference has been heid at a continental European venue and it will be an excellent opportunity for oyerseas visitors to experience traditional Swedish hospitality in beautiful Halmstad, one of the most popular seaside holiday resorts in northern Europe.
The actual conference venue will be the Hotel Tylosand, in a spectacular beach setting with extensive leisure facilities which will be available to delegates. Offers of Papers Potential authors should forward titles and extended abstracts to the Conference Secretary by 1 ApriI These should be not longer than two A4 sides and should include the authors' names and affiliations. Papers selected for presentation, either in formal sessions or as posters, need not be submitted in their final form till the date of the conference.
Authors whose abstracts are accepted will be given detailed instructions for the preparation of manuscripts or posters. Abstracts and papers should be submitted by email to set. Up-to-date information about the Conference will be available on the Conference home page at www. The 9 th Conference was originally planned to take place at Miskolc in Hungary in ApriI , but unfortunately circumstances have necessitated its postponement.
Anyone who submitted an abstract for the Hungary meeting is warmiy invited to resubmit it to Halmstad. Priority will be given to any such resubmissions. Organising Committee Professor L. Salek email: esalek stle. Predrag Dasic email: dasicp ptt. Adres e-mail. Ryszard Marczak - Politechnika Radomska prof. Heinz-Rolf Stock Referenten: Dr. Ludger Deters, Dr. Karl-Heinz Illgner, Dr. Helmut Kunst, Dr. There is no other event like it - and no more cost effective way to talk to your customers and prospects during Last year, ASM's combined events in Columbus, Ohio drew more than 2, registrants, with nearly attracted by our first-ever surface engineering event.
The enclosed prospectus will tell you more about THE surface engineering business show. To reserve your exhibit, please contact Charles A. We look forward to helping you reach the decision makers YOU want to reach. Sincerely, Arnold H. Add Value Reduce Costs Improve Performance Prevent Wear Prevent Corrosion Company Booth No. The Materials Information Society Since , ASM has been the world's foremost society for providing reliable technical information on metals and metallurgy, and surface engineering remains an area of high member interest.
Nearly 20, ASM members and customers are involved with surface engineering or modification. To meet their need for information about practical industrial applications of surface engineering, we've created a unique event that no other sponsoring organization can match. International Surface Engineering Congress and Exposition To promote the commercial advance of surface engineering technology and to increase surface engineering marketing opportunities for our exhibitors, ASM will co-locate its 2nd International Surface Engineering Congress and Exposition with America's largest heat treating show, the ASM Heat Treating Society Conference and Exposition.
Attention: Testing Equipment Manufacurers and Service Providers Analytical equipment and techniques are keys to the successful application of surface engineering. For many decades, manufacturers of equipment used for testing, analysis and characterization have represented one of the largest groups of exhibitors at ASM expositions. Our expositions in Indianapolis will again attract a large number of engineers and managers who are interested in improving quality, improving product and equipment performance, reducing wear and corrosion and extending product life.
Our surface engineering attendees are looking for new equipment and technology. Be here to meet them, face to face. Take advantage of this unique opportunity to exhibit your latest equipment, products and services. And, talk business - face to face - with your buyers and prospects. The ASM International Surface Engineering Congress and Exposition will attract primary decision makers and infuencers: engineers, division managers, general managers, supervisors and project managers who need your products and services to stay competitive.
Who should exhibit? We support our show - and your exhibit! Nakonieczny Poland - the Chairman prof. Berkowski Poland prof. Burakowski Poland prof. Druga Rumania prof. Fan China prof. Flis Poland prof. Gantois France prof. Gerasimov Russia prof. Grosch Germany prof. Jeziorski Poland prof. Kaczmarek Poland prof. Kolozsvary Rumania prof. Korwin Canada prof. Kula Poland prof. Leroux France prof. Maciejny Poland prof. Mayr Germany prof. Mittemeijer Germany prof. Pokhmurskii Ukraine prof. Precht Poland prof. Przetakiewicz Poland prof. Rogalski Poland prof.
Senatorski Poland prof. Sirotkin Russia prof. Slovetsky Russia prof. Smouan Croatia prof. Sobusiak Poland prof. Spies Germany prof. Tacikowski Poland prof. Tilipalov Russia prof. Totten USA prof.