In the lucid--if biting--prose for which Shapiro is renowned, he explains why this requires greater critical attention to how problems are specified than is usually undertaken. He illustrates what is at stake for the study of power, democracy, law, and ideology, as well as in normative debates over rights, justice, freedom, virtue, and community.
Shapiro answers many critics of his views along the way, securing his position as one of the distinctive social and political theorists of our time.
In his introductory essay, Shapiro sets these cases in political, historical, and philosophical context, and gives the reader a sense of what the main issues in the constitutional law of abortion are likely to be in the future. The contributions, all previously unpublished, represent the state of the art in the study of South African politics, economics, law, and social policy. The Bush Doctrine of preemptive war and unilateral action has been marked by incompetence--missed opportunities to capture Osama bin Laden, failures of postwar planning for Iraq, and lack of an exit strategy.
American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy
But Shapiro contends that the problems run deeper. He explains how the Bush Doctrine departs from the best traditions of American national-security policy and accepted international norms, and renders Americans and democratic values less safe. He debunks the belief that containment is obsolete. Terror networks might be elusive, but the enabling states that make them dangerous can be contained. Shapiro defends containment against charges of appeasement, arguing that force against a direct threat will be needed.
He outlines new approaches to intelligence, finance, allies, diplomacy, and international institutions. He explains why containment is the best alternative to a misguided agenda that naively assumes democratic regime change is possible from the barrel of an American gun. President Bush has defined the War on Terror as the decisive ideological struggle of our time. Shapiro shows what a self-defeating mistake that is. He sets out a viable alternative that offers real security to Americans, reclaims America's international stature, and promotes democracy around the world.
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The Rule of Law
The State of Democratic Theory. Ian Shapiro. What should we expect from democracy, and how likely is it that democracies will live up to those expectations? In The State of Democratic Theory, Ian Shapiro offers a critical assessment of contemporary answers to these questions, lays out his distinctive alternative, and explores its implications for policy and political action.
Michael J. This fast-paced book by Yale professors Michael Graetz and Ian Shapiro unravels the following mystery: How is it that the estate tax, which has been on the books continuously since and is paid by only the wealthiest two percent of Americans, was repealed in with broad bipartisan support? The mystery is all the more striking because the repeal was not done in the dead of night, like a congressional pay raise. It came at the end of a multiyear populist campaign launched by a few individuals, and was heralded by its supporters as a signal achievement for Americans who are committed to the work ethic and the American Dream.
The Rule of Law (Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy)
The Moral Foundations of Politics. When do governments merit our allegiance, and when should they be denied it? Ian Shapiro investigates this most enduring of political dilemmas in this innovative and engaging book. Shapiro discusses the different answers that have been proposed by the major political theorists in the utilitarian, Marxist, and social contract traditions over the past four centuries. Showing how these political philosophies have all been decisively shaped by the core values of the Enlightenment, he demonstrates that each one contains useful insights that survive their failures as comprehensive doctrines and that should inform our thinking about political legitimacy.
Shapiro then turns to the democratic tradition. As such, democracy supplies the most attractive available basis for political legitimacy. The Real World of Democratic Theory. In this book Ian Shapiro develops and extends arguments that have established him as one of today's leading democratic theorists. Shapiro is hardheaded about the realities of politics and power, and the difficulties of fighting injustice and oppression. Yet he makes a compelling case that democracy's legitimacy depends on pressing it into the service of resisting domination, and that democratic theorists must rise to the occasion of fashioning the necessary tools.
That vital agenda motivates the arguments of this book. Politics against Domination. Ian Shapiro makes a compelling case that the purpose of politics should be to combat domination, and he shows what this means in practice at home and abroad. This is a major work of applied political theory, a profound challenge to utopian visions, and a guide to fundamental problems of justice and distribution. History is replete with instances of what might, or might not, have been. By calling something contingent, at a minimum we are saying that it did not have to be as it is. Things could have been otherwise, and they would have been otherwise if something had happened differently.
This collection of original essays examines the significance of contingency in the study of politics. That is, how to study unexpected, accidental, or unknowable political phenomena in a systematic fashion. Yitzhak Rabin is assassinated. Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait. Hurricane Katrina hits New Orleans. How might history be different had these events not happened? How should social scientists interpret the significance of these events and can such unexpected outcomes be accounted for in a systematic way or by theoretical models?
Can these unpredictable events be predicted for? Political Contingency addresses these and other related questions, providing theoretical and historical perspectives on the topic, empirical case studies, and the methodological challenges that the fact of contingency poses for the study of politics.
Hochschild, Gregory A. Huber, Courtney Jung, David R.
Shulman, Robert G. This volume contains the full text of the United Nations Charter and the Statute of the International Court of Justice, as well as related historical documents. They are accompanied by ten original essays on the Charter and its legacy by distinguished scholars and former high-level UN officials. A concise and accessible introduction to the UN for students, this collection also offers important new scholarship that will be of interest to experts. Political Representation. Political representation lies at the core of modern politics. Democracies, with their vast numbers of citizens, could not operate without representative institutions.
Yet relations between the democratic ideal and the everyday practice of political representation have never been well defined and remain the subject of vigorous debate among historians, political theorists, lawyers, and citizens. In this volume, an eminent group of scholars move forward the debates about political representation on a number of fronts.
Drawing on insights from political science, history, political theory, economics, and anthropology, the authors provide much-needed clarity to some of the most vexing questions about political representation. They also reveal new and enlightening perspectives on this fundamental political practice.
Topics discussed include representation before democracy, political parties, minorities, electoral competition, and ideology. This volume is essential reading for anyone interested in the ideal and the reality of political representation. Book 2. With 16 original essays all published here for the first time, Theory and Practice focuses on the relationship between philosophical tradition and everyday life in the Western tradition.
What are the relations between philosophical theories and everyday life? This question, as old as it is profound, is the central focus of Theory and Practice. In sixteen chapters--all published here for the first time—the authors examine major attempts to reconcile theory with practice in the Western tradition from Herodotus, Plato, and Aristotle to Kant and Heidegger. Considerable attention is devoted to the role of theory in judicial decision-making, debates between defenders of the value of pure theory and those who argue for the priority of practice, the political implications of theory, practical problems such as global warming, and the theoretical commitments of practitioners from Karl Marx to Vaclav Havel.
One of the most expansive volumes in the NOMOS series to date, Theory and Practice will be of interest to philosophers, lawyers, and social scientists from a wide range of disciplines. Why are democracies so unequal? Despite the widespread expectation that democracy, via expansion of the franchise, would lead to redistribution in favor of the masses, in reality majorities regularly lose out in democracies. Taking a broad view of inequality as encompassing the distribution of wealth, risk, status, and well-being, this volume explores how institutions, individuals, and coalitions contribute to the often surprising twists and turns of distributive politics.
The contributors hail from a range of disciplines and employ an array of methodologies to illuminate the central questions of democratic distributive politics: What explains the variety of welfare state systems, and what are their prospects for survival and change? When does redistributive politics reflect public opinion? Thomas J. Main Carolina Academic Press, forthcoming January Smith, ed.
II Religion and Politics, ed. Steven G. Brint and Jean R. Schroedel, NY: Russell Sage, , pp. Rodgers, in Ethnographies of Neoliberalism, ed. Carol J. Greenhouse Univ of Penn. Pr, Social Justice?
Eisgruber and Andras Sajo Leiden, Nijhoff, Alan Wolfe Princeton Univ. Press, Espada, M. Plattner, A. Wolfson Lexington Books, Stephen Macedo page 6. James F. Hollifield and Calvin C. Jillson Routledge, Bryan S. Turner New York: Sage, George and Christopher Wolfe. George and Christopher Wolfe eds. Robert George Oxford University Press, Ellen F.
Joao Carolos Espada, Marc F. Stephen Macedo page 7. Lynn D.
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Wardle, Mark Strasser, William C. Duncan, and David Orgon Coolidge. Michael Sandel, Oxford University Press John Rawls? Chandran Kukathas London: Routledge, Boylan, ed. Ashgate, Tamir, ed. Oxford: Blackwell, New York University Press, Galston and John W. Chapman, eds. Gaus, eds. Stephen Macedo page 8. Paul and H. Paul, et al. Turner and P.
Hamilton Routledge, - Reprinted in Group Rights, ed.
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