Increasing consternation and anger was also voiced about the collection and sale of personal and professional data of the members and congress participants, research and scientific data, and background information on institutions. All societies in this class enter the political arena and begin to cement their status by issuing diplomas and certificates, trying to monopolize the field and getting state backing.
Science and education take a back seat to commerce. I heard through the grapevine that a cardiological society has 70 million euros on its accounts — perhaps even "a little more.
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Who checks it? What about the accounting of other societies? Instead, small meetings of manageable size and cost on a national or regional basis were proposed where participants can have a real exchange of ideas and results. A major worry is the ever increasing number of new congresses and societies in fashionable subdisciplines; this spring, for instance, every other week there was a conference dealing with contrast agent development, many of them trading under the name "molecular imaging.
One of the participants brought it down to: "This conference is quite expensive — too expensive just to attend and learn anything new, too expensive to be a social meeting. It's one of the many societies you don't identify with. It's just another supermarket. However, if I have to show relevant new data I will go.
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Use them as they use us. In other words, if one knows and understands this background, these conferences can be helpful; but they do not replace independent and truly academic and scientific meetings — the old-style family meetings.
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Last year, the ECR was the target of a massive attack about fees — and this year again, indignation among the participants could be felt. There is nothing left from the look into the future in Ultimately it is expected that they will pay no fee at all. Members also receive a newsletter, the abstracts of the ECR if they attend or not , and the journal European Radiology.
Lauterbur rushed out to buy a notebook in which to work out his idea; he completed his notes a few days later.
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He had discovered the basic method used in all MRI scanners around the world, and for this discovery he would share the Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine in This book, by Lauterbur's wife and scientific partner, M. Joan Dawson, is the story of Paul Lauterbur's discovery and the subsequent development of the most important medical diagnostic tool since the X-ray.
With MRI, Lauterbur had discovered an entirely new principle of imaging. Dawson explains the science behind the discovery and describes Lauterbur's development of the idea, his steadfastness in the face of widespread skepticism and criticism, and related work by other scientists including Peter Mansfield Lauterbur's Nobel co-recipient , and Raymond Damadian who famously feuded with Lauterbur over credit for the ideas behind MRI. She offers not only the story of one man's passion for his work but also a case study of how science is actually done: a flash of insight followed by years of painstaking work.
Foreword Edwin D. Science reports are seldom just right or wrong but live from personal impressions that bring colors into the picture. This account of a major advancement in medicine offers a rare glimpse into the inner workings of science progress. Paul Lauterbur and the Invention of MRI is a fascinating story, told by the loving wife of a major contributor. See All Customer Reviews.
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Paul Lauterbur and the Invention of MRI by M. Joan Dawson, Hardcover | Barnes & Noble®
But how? The nuclear magnetic resonance signal is governed by the simple Larmor equation, which holds that the frequency of the signal is proportional to the strength of the applied magnetic field. This was the key. It is of some interest that this concept was simply waiting to be discovered since the days when Bloch and Purcell first found the phenomenon of Magnetic Resonance, and that the reaction of many in the NMR community, especially among physicists was that something so simple could not be true.
After that it was a matter of thinking through each of the things that would have to be done if it were to be a practical technique, and that was spread over a period of at least several weeks. First: Once you have labeled separate regions using magnetic field gradients, how do you separate the signals into an image?
Second: Will NMR be able to pick up small volumes of tissue with useful sensitivity?
This was not at all obvious; excellent scientists in the field remained skeptical for years to come. Third: Can a large enough magnet be built?