The social change mandate is based on the premise that social work intervention takes place when the current situation, be this at the level of the person, family, small group, community or society, is deemed to be in need of change and development. It is driven by the need to challenge and change those structural conditions that contribute to marginalization, social exclusion and oppression.
Social change initiatives recognize the place of human agency in advancing human rights and economic, environmental, and social justice. The profession is equally committed to the maintenance of social stability, insofar as such stability is not used to marginalize, exclude or oppress any particular group of persons. Social development is conceptualized to mean strategies for intervention, desired end states and a policy framework, the latter in addition to the more popular residual and the institutional frameworks.
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It is based on holistic biopsychosocial, spiritual assessments and interventions that transcend the micro-macro divide, incorporating multiple system levels and inter-sectorial and inter-professional collaboration, aimed at sustainable development. It prioritizes socio-structural and economic development, and does not subscribe to conventional wisdom that economic growth is a prerequisite for social development. The overarching principles of social work are respect for the inherent worth and dignity of human beings, doing no harm, respect for diversity and upholding human rights and social justice.
The social work profession recognizes that human rights need to coexist alongside collective responsibility.
The idea of collective responsibility highlights the reality that individual human rights can only be realized on a day-to-day basis if people take responsibility for each other and the environment, and the importance of creating reciprocal relationships within communities. Social work embraces first, second and third generation rights. First generation rights refer to civil and political rights such as free speech and conscience and freedom from torture and arbitrary detention; second generation to socio-economic and cultural rights that include the rights to reasonable levels of education, healthcare, and housing and minority language rights; and third generation rights focus on the natural world and the right to species biodiversity and inter-generational equity.
These rights are mutually reinforcing and interdependent, and accommodate both individual and collective rights. The Global Standards for Social Work Education and Training deals with this complex issue by advocating that social workers are schooled in a basic human rights approach, with an explanatory note that reads as:. As culture is socially constructed and dynamic, it is subject to deconstruction and change. Social work is both interdisciplinary and transdisciplinary, and draws on a wide array of scientific theories and research.
Social work draws on its own constantly developing theoretical foundation and research, as well as theories from other human sciences, including but not limited to community development, social pedagogy, administration, anthropology, ecology, economics, education, management, nursing, psychiatry, psychology, public health, and sociology.
The uniqueness of social work research and theories is that they are applied and emancipatory.
Social Work in the Health Field | A Care Perspective, Second Edition | Taylor & Francis Group
Much of social work research and theory is co-constructed with service users in an interactive, dialogic process and therefore informed by specific practice environments. This proposed definition acknowledges that social work is informed not only by specific practice environments and Western theories, but also by indigenous knowledges. Part of the legacy of colonialism is that Western theories and knowledges have been exclusively valorised, and indigenous knowledges have been devalued, discounted, and hegemonised by Western theories and knowledge.
The proposed definition attempts to halt and reverse that process by acknowledging that Indigenous peoples in each region, country or area carry their own values, ways of knowing, ways of transmitting their knowledges, and have made invaluable contributions to science. For both formats the functionality available will depend on how you access the ebook via Bookshelf Online in your browser or via the Bookshelf app on your PC or mobile device.
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Social Work in the Health Field: A Care Perspective, Second Edition
Close Preview. Toggle navigation Additional Book Information. Description Table of Contents. Summary This book provides an introduction to social work practice in the field of health care.
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- Social Work in the Health Field: A Care Perspective, Second Edition - CRC Press Book.
It addresses both physical and mental health, examines various settings such as primary care, home care, hospice, and nursing, and also provides histories of social work practice in traditional industry segments. Chapter 1. Orientation to Social Work in the Health Field 2. Chapter 2. Chapter 3. Social Work in Primary Care Settings 4.
ISBN 13: 9780789021199
Chapter 4. Social Work in Hospitals 5. Chapter 5. Chapter 6.
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Social Work in Nursing Homes 7.