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Los Angeles. E ovviamente la strada, fonte di ispirazione e banco di prova. E che nel compie 15 anni, da festeggiare con una serie di iniziative speciali. Oltre a una limited edition pezzi di occhiali realizzati da Safilo. La domanda su suo padre Renzo Rosso, fondatore del gruppo veneto, sorge spontanea.

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Chiaramente ha i suoi pro e i suoi contro: aiuta e penalizza. Abbiamo costruito eventi ed exhibition. Grafica e fotografia sono una grande fonte di ispirazione per le nostre collezioni. Mi piace la grafica. Sono attratto da tutto quello che ha un forte impatto cromatico. Dalla Pop art ad artisti come Thomas Campbell. Colleziono T-shirt usate, vintage, ironiche. Con paesaggi di natura e automobili. Non hanno un particolare valore commerciale, ma il loro impatto grafico mi piace molto.

Come dimensione non credo che 55DSL voglia essere una grande azienda. Amo le collaborazioni e abbiamo diversi progetti in ballo. Stiamo lavorando sulle calzature, che dovrebbero essere protagoniste della nostra prossima iniziativa. Un progetto in ambito tecnologico? Sicuramente in Giappone, dove mi piacerebbe andare a vivere per un anno. Una visione futurista eppure amante del classico: un mix interessante. Le scarpe Adidas e Nike, per il prodotto. Amo soprattutto le collezioni vintage, le riedizioni di modelli storici.

Le Zx di Adidas sono tra le mie preferite. Mi piace anche il lavoro di Undercover e di nomi australiani come Ksubi, Perks and Mini e, sul fronte comunicazione, Insight Mi piace la moda per strada, la grafica, quello che le persone sono. Mi fa un piacere enorme vedere qualcuno vestito da noi, soprattutto qualcuno di interessante. Sono esecutivista, non disegno, non ne sono capace. Ma mi piace il prodotto, averlo tra le mani. Stupendo il materiale video, frutto di 12 anni di riprese fatte e montate con stile da Steven Sebrig. Le rivoluzioni di Patti Smith di Ruggero Marinello.

Per fortuna ci pensa, dopo due anni di assenza, questa manifestazione che propone sempre un cast davvero curioso ma funzionale per tutti. Prendete nota! Oppure una languida ballata di Al Green. Nei negozi a 10 euro. Non male. Da nove anni a Pasqua, Torino si trasforma nella capitale Italiana del tango. Nuovo nome per un bel festival che riesce a coinvolgere migliaia di tangueros: International Tango Torino Festival, grandi ospiti, stage a tutti i livelli e spettacolari esibizioni. E gli autori lo raccontano per epoche dagli Anni 30 ad oggi e generi.

Un libro divertente e intelligente. Il segreto? Ora i Ministri partiranno per un lungo tour e vi invitiamo a cercare, intanto, di beccare un loro concerto, ne vale la pena. Pensa ai templi sacri e alle ardite architetture di oggi, spesso realizzate grazie a un progetto nato dalla mente di un europeo. Le nuove generazioni sono cresciute con una particolare attenzione al visivo. Noi abbiamo un look forte per essere ricordati da chi ascolta la nostra musica.

Influenza la nostra strada, il nostro divenire. Empire Of The Sun realizzeranno un road movie iperbolico, spero ancora di avere qualche illuminazione alla Jodorowsky! Dobbiamo vedere ancora molti posti e paesi prima di completare il film. Prima che si penta del grande passo ride, ndr! Pare una classica produzione alla Timbaland Hai letto i testi? Sei il primo giornalista non inglese che mi cita uno stralcio delle nostre liriche! E poi mi piace che tu abbia colto questa frase, davvero molto Empire Of The Sun! Comunque io ci sono molto affezionato.

Sono curioso di sapere come saranno i vostri concerti. Siamo solo agli inizi, ne vedrete delle belle! Prima di tutto penso che sia la vita stessa che ci condiziona, non pensiamo solo alla nostra carriera ma anche a vivere. Non facciamo niente di particolare, cerchiamo solo di trovare il giusto equilibrio tra vita professionale e vita privata. Non abbiamo dedicato il nostro tempo solo alla realizzazione di questo disco.

Giusto un gioco. Definisce questa canzone che nasce da stimoli musicali molto lontani dal nostro territorio abituale. Miss It So Much voleva essere un brano romantico. In generale quando ci si pone in una situazione romantica noi tutti utilizziamo la forma del ricordo per amplificare le nostre emozioni. La classe e la voce sexy di Lykke Li ben si adattavano a questa nostra richiesta. E ci stava dicendo cosa fare della nostra carriera in Albania! Abbiamo costruito la canzone come si realizza un racconto.

Lei adesso ha la sua carriera da solista, ma quando ha voglia ride, ndr viene in studio da noi. Infatti il nostro precedente disco The Understanding si concludeva con una breve canzone intitolata Tristesse Globale.


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E adesso ce ne stiamo seduti qua a ridere della sfortuna altrui! Missione: raggiungere lo stato di motivazione necessario per affrontare una serata in un club quando ci si trova in giro per il mondo. Solo per voi, ogni mese, una selezione di dischi, i migliori, che muovono aere e sederi qui a Rodeo. Un gioiellino di intelligente leggerezza per prepararsi alla prossima primavera.

Ironiche e taglienti, le liriche,. Ancora loro? Ma non erano caduti in disgrazia?! Scetticismo legittimo, dopo un ultimo album da dimenticare Always Outnumbered, Never Outgunned, e un Best of con relativo tour che sapeva di epitaffio. Che si fa sorpresa quando Invaders Must Die finisce nel lettore. Un vero talento. Proprio come fanno i bravi dj. Didattico e coraggioso. Canzoni da appartamento, con le finestre aperte verso la luce del giorno. Si svolge in un futuro prossimo, parallelo e realissimo il nuovo romanzo di Alessandro Zaccuri, Infinita notte Mondadori, pp.

Una celebrazione del vuoto. Una sintonia impeccabile. Traghettata dalla rete alla carta stampata, in versione 3. Fine del postmoderno, oggetti narrativi non identificati, nuova epica, pop culture, prodotti transmediali. Propaganda o mutazione del reale? Due racconti che valorizzano al meglio la scrittura-coltello, affilata, delicata, devastante, della scrittrice di Okayama. Enzo Mansueto. La televisione, ormai, fa parte del reale. E nel momento in cui ho deciso di ambientare un libro a Sanremo nella settimana del Festival, non potevo fare a meno di considerare una presenza tanto ingombrante.

Dal punto di vista strettamente tecnico, la televisione ha migliorato il procedimento. Nelle zone liberate del ghetto i giovani iniziarono a sfidarsi inventando uno stile nuovo nella danza, nella musica e nella spray art che pose le premesse per la nascita e la diffusione della cultura hip-hop nel mondo. Renegades of Funk Edizioni Agenzia X, pp. Qui un breve estratto in esclusiva per Rodeo.

Vidi un treno e ci feci una tag e, prima che me ne accorgessi, avevo iniziato un movimento di massa. I graffiti nacquero per sfuggire alla disperazione della vita quotidiana. Ogni artista portava nelle sue opere il proprio background e stile. Andavo in giro con un amico e facevamo tag. Prima di rendermene conto stavo dipingendo interi vagoni. Ormai sapevano che andavamo nei depositi e sulle sopraelevate per dipingere. Poi iniziarono a complicarsi le lettere e le forme. Era meraviglioso. Una bomba adrenalinica. Capisci cosa voglio dire? Sono sempre stato il migliore, non scherzo.

Ho sempre spaccato il culo a chiunque. Sono stato un precursore e sono sempre rimasto avanti. La mia arte rappresenta il mio modo di vivere, una tecnica selvaggia. Devi trovare un proposito nella vita e una volta trovato cerchi di svilupparlo al massimo. Intendo dire dedicarsi a qualcosa per ore senza la minima fatica. By Alessandra Sanguinetti. Come in tutte le relazioni, esiste un tacito accordo sui propri confini, e ognuno dovrebbe rispettare gli spazi intimi altrui. Come hai colto gli attimi per te perfetti? Non esistono i momenti perfetti.

Quanto ti ha coinvolto umanamente questo lavoro? Solitamente, non conosco le mie sensazioni fino al momento in cui scatto. Esistono storie da raccontare in tutto il mondo. Qui: Costume Azollini. Collana Alexis Bittar. Scarpe da Charlotte Olympia. A sinistra: Costume intero beyond retro. Collana e bracciali alexis bittar. A destra: Top di perle Kaviar Gauche. Gonna Maria Francesca Pepe. Assistente moda Lauren Intarmah. Assistente fotografo Robert McnicholOutch.

Bomber grigio costume national. Jeans sotto gli shorts Diesel. Leggings grigi american apparel. Stivali tim hamilton. Qui: Felpa con cappuccio vintage adidas. Giacca nera juun. Maglia termica nera, calzoni lunghi neri e stivali tim hamilton. Canotta bianca boris bidjan saberi. Pantaloni neri juun. Shorts e calzoni lunghi tim hamilton.

Leggings con stampe bianco e nero american apparel. Gilet Coming soon. Camicia con borchie costume national. Pantaloni c. A destra: Bomber stampato bianco e nero e canotta dior. Studio di architettura 70m2. A distanza di dieci anni dal premio, lo studio di architettura 70m2 di Livorno gli rende omaggio con la mostra "Little Demon", libera interpretazione di Giga Giancarlo Galatolo , alle opere dell'artista spezzino. Le sue creazioni testimoniano un bisogno vitale di distruggere e ricostruire il mondo.

Sabato 6 settembre dalle ore In occasione di questo evento SIC. A seguire: ore Gli obiettivi della Lucie Foundation sono di onorare i maestri fotografi, scoprire e coltivare nuovi talenti e promuovere la conosccenza della fotografia nel mondo. Franco Bellucci , rinchiuso per gran parte della sua vita in un manicomio Ce ne fut pas facile de les approcher. Samedi 14hh I Graffiti della Mente — N. Dal 17 settembre dalle ore 20 al 24 settembre le sale del Lu.

Per info: Lu. Una casa ha un suo proprio respiro: un soffio che si dilata e si espande, si accelera e rallenta. Dobbiamo occupare tutte le stanze, le sane come le malate, e quelle ariose, con la conoscenza prismatica delle differenze". Il desiderio, la sua "differenza", predilige dimore aperte, rifugi condivisi, locande dove manifestarsi, riconoscersi, rispecchiarsi in altri desideri.

Qui a Genova, da alcuni anni, un gruppo di artisti ama ritrovarsi attorno al focolare di una casa. Una casa dalle porte aperte, che ospita "folli nell'arte" e "artisti folli", che custodisce i loro sogni e li spinge a uscire dal chiuso del rifugio per farsi strada nell'aperto del mondo. Si tratta di un lavoro globale, dove il corpo simbolico si materializza in un reale che si marca sulla carne e, allo stesso tempo, si manifesta in uno spazio di confine tra il pieno dato da un segno e il vuoto del suo senso per il proprio continuo mutamento con il vivere.

Intorno al tema del ritratto, sono stati coinvolti artisti di professione e artisti outsiders, attivi in diversi atelier di pittura. Dal 9 al 27 novembre Inaugurazione 8 novembre alle I due reportages sono collocati dall ' undicesimo al diciannovesimo minuto. Questi hanno lavorato insieme ad artisti outsider durante una residenza di due settimane, per la ricerca di un lavoro congiunto nell'incontro tra le diverse esperienze artistiche, umane e di vita.

Partecipazione libera. Nato a Andreis Pordenone nel , ha avuto un'esistenza difficile che si scopre nella sua poesia. A seguire cena su prenotazione. I loved her letters and journal and the tragedy of her short life moved me. So when I went to Paris, the city she loved above all others, I decided to try to find her. There was a hotel she always stayed in. She stayed there when she was happy and in love and she also stayed there when she knew she was going to die. Rarely do we get an insight into the first moment of inspiration that compels a writer to write a novel. Here we do. Modiano comes across a notice in an old newspaper asking for information about the missing Dora Brudner.

He discovers a deep driving need to know her, or at least to know what happened to her. The book, reminiscent in many ways of the earlier The Quest for Corvo: An Experiment in Biography and Austerlitz and the later HHhH , becomes, on one level, a detective story and on a deeper level an intimate dialogue between the present and the past. Thus she finds her way onto the Jewish register.

As much as he is trying to fathom out Dora, Modiano is seeking out his own pre-history. During the novel he lets us know how many parallels exist between Dora and her family and himself and his own family.

By giving us Dora exclusively through official documents it somehow made her fate much more heartbreaking than any fictional account of her life would have done. Why did she refuse to wear the yellow star? We will never know. The emotion remains raw. There was a telling critique of all historical fiction and especially Holocaust fiction in this book. This was raw and without solace and gives an amazingly vivid idea of what anyone searching for a Holocaust victim after the war must have gone through — especially the chilling matter-of-factness of bureaucratic documentation.

View all 47 comments. Shelves: read-in December 31st, A missing person ad is published in the Paris Soir journal. Her name is Dora Bruder, she is fifteen and of Jewish descent. The setting is Paris during the German occupation. Nine months later, the same name appears in a list of deported prisoners to Auschwitz. It is an elegy to the fate of countless people, young and old, artists and professors, men and women, gentry and peasants, Frenc December 31st, It is an elegy to the fate of countless people, young and old, artists and professors, men and women, gentry and peasants, French people, lawful citizens from all over Europe, who like this unsuspecting girl, saw their lives chopped off by the abomination of war.

In searching for her, Modiano searches for his lost self, groping in the dark of his own emptiness. Life is made of what we want to remember as much as what we need to forget. Like finding oneself on the edge of a magnetic field and having no pendulum with which to pick up its radiations. View all 53 comments.

Patrick Modiano is the winner of Nobel Prize for Literature this year And the Nobel Prize committee cited the following as the specialty of Modiano's writing: "for the art of memory with which he has evoked the most ungraspable human destinies and uncovered the life-world of the occupation". Having read this book I can say that the Nobel Committee's statement about Modiano's writing is very true.

Personally speaking, the memory and the difficult past have been my favourite themes in the n Patrick Modiano is the winner of Nobel Prize for Literature this year Personally speaking, the memory and the difficult past have been my favourite themes in the novels. This book deals with both of them. The author begins a search for a 15 year old girl who went missing in Paris in December Let me now qualify some of the nouns I used in the previous sentence.

The 15 year old girl went missing was a Jewish girl. The Paris in was under the German Occupation. The author came across the notice of the missing girl much later while going through the old News Papers. Then, he begins to reconstruct the life of that missing girl by doing an extensive investigation on the girl. When he looks for the past - the past with an unpleasant memory - he realises that the past had been systematically erased to be free of guilty consciences. Of course, he does not say it very directly and openly. But the reader will inevitable get that feeling.

And these evidences, more than helping us construct the past, increase the feeling of loss and emptiness for they do not give much. They reveal a little and the little is just a flash in the darkness. We are happy for a second and then we fall into the darkness again. Added to these vestiges are the memories of the author himself not of the girl but of the Occupied Paris which he had received from his Jewish father who managed to escape the Holocaust unscathed. The author himself had lived in these places in the later years.

So his memories fill in certain gaps or rather act as some short living match sticks that help us to navigate for few seconds the darkness of the past.

In this sense, the writing is very claustrophobic. Reading this book, I felt myself walking through the streets of Occupied Paris as a Jew. The life would have been really difficult. The writing in many places reminded me of W.

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Modiano can not equal Sebald. But then, the Nobel Committee by giving to Modiano the prize might be seeking the consolation for not giving it to W. Note: I am in the hunt for his some other books. View all 4 comments. In usual style Modiano presents a snapshop of time and masters to unfold every detail in his melodic yet melancholic style- This time though, the inspiration for his novel is bordering the depressing, it being a young girl, first believed to "just" have gone missing. Later we find out that she met a much more sinister fate This is about Vichy - and Im not talking about the mineral water - but of one of the darkest spots in French history.

Rest in Peace, Dora Bruder. The below is taken from: http In usual style Modiano presents a snapshop of time and masters to unfold every detail in his melodic yet melancholic style- This time though, the inspiration for his novel is bordering the depressing, it being a young girl, first believed to "just" have gone missing. The rescue of 7, Jews from Nazi-occupied Denmark in January has passed from history into legend.

With the help of the Danish civil service and police, and the encouragement of King Christian X, almost the entire Jewish population was smuggled out of the country overnight, to neutral Sweden, without alerting the occupying forces. Hungary resisted Nazi demands to hand over Jews It was the most daring of all such actions to save Jews from Nazi persecution through the years of World War Two, but great risks were also taken elsewhere. In , in occupied Holland, for example, Communist trade unionists held protest strikes - ending with the deportation of leading demonstrators.

Even some pro-German states took a stand. Fascist Hungary resisted Nazi demands to hand over Jews until the country was invaded in Italy had anti-Semitic laws, but nevertheless defended French Jews in south-eastern France, which was occupied by the Italian army, and thus saved thousands of lives. The last example is the most relevant to the tragic French experience, whose consequences are yet to be resolved.

More than 60 years after a collaborationist French government helped deport 75, Jewish refugees and French citizens to Nazi death camps, the national conscience has still not fully come to terms with the betrayal of a community persecuted by French anti-Semitic laws. French background After the Revolution, France was the first European country to emancipate Jews, and despite periodic resurgences of anti-Semitism the country had Europe's second biggest Jewish community - , - by About half were recent refugees from elsewhere in Europe, convinced that they would be protected by France's commitments on political and religious asylum.

France was on the verge of a Bolshevik revolution By the turn of the century, however, anti-Semitism was being encouraged by the anti-republican movement Action Francaise, which had a strong following in the Catholic Church, as well as in the army, civil service and the judiciary. The movement supported extremists who believed that Jews could never integrate into a Christian country and were potential traitors.

His appointment added to the fears of those convinced that France was on the verge of a Bolshevik revolution, aided by Jews. These fears intensified, and dominated the French administration during the years of World War Two. He set up his capital at Vichy, a spa in the Auvergne. By then about , Jews had crossed what was known as the Demarcation Line to seek protection from Vichy in the south - only to find they were subjected to fierce discrimination along lines practised by the Germans in the north.

Jews were eventually banned from the professions, show business, teaching, the civil service and journalism. After an intense propaganda campaign, Jewish businesses were 'aryanised' by Vichy's Commission for Jewish Affairs and their property was confiscated. More than 40, refugee Jews were held in concentration camps under French control, and 3, died of poor treatment during the winters of and The writer Arthur Koestler, who was held at Le Vernet near the Spanish frontier, said conditions were worse than in the notorious German camp, Dachau.

During anti-Semitic legislation, applicable in both zones, was tightened. French police carried out the first mass arrests in Paris in May when 3, men were interned. Two more sweeps took place before the first deportation train provided by French state railways left for Germany under French guard on 12 March On 16 July , French police arrested 12, Jews, including 4, children and 5, women, in Paris during what became known as La Grande Rafle 'the big round-up'.

Most were temporarily interned in a sports stadium, in conditions witnessed by a Paris lawyer, Georges Wellers. Within days, detainees were being sent to Germany in cattle-wagons, and some became the first Jews to die in the gas chambers at Auschwitz. In August , gendarmes were sent to hunt down foreign refugees. Families were seized in their houses or captured after manhunts across the countryside. About 11, Jews were transported to Drancy in the Paris suburbs, the main transit centre for Auschwitz.

Children as young as three were separated from their mothers - gendarmes used batons and hoses - before being sent to Germany under French guard, after weeks of maltreatment. During , officials sent 41, Jews to Germany, although the deportations came to a temporary halt when some religious leaders warned Vichy against possible public reaction.

Afterwards, arrests were carried out more discreetly. In and , the regime deported 31, people - the last train left in August , as Allied troops entered Paris. Out of the total of 75, deportees, contained in a register drawn up by a Jewish organisation, fewer than 2, survived. Revolt and aftermath The number of dead would have been far higher if the Italian fascist leader, Benito Mussolini, had not ordered troops in France to defy German-French plans for mass round ups in Italian-occupied south-eastern France.

Thousands were smuggled into Italy after Italian generals said that 'no country can ask Italy, cradle of Christianity and law, to be associated with these Nazi acts'. After the Italian surrender in September , arrests in the area restarted, but by then French public opinion had changed. Escape lines to Switzerland and Spain had been set up, and thousands of families risked death to shelter Jews.

Since the war, Israel has given medals to 2, French people, including several priests, in recognition of this, and of the fact that about , Jews survived in France. Post-war indifference to anti-Semitic persecution pushed the issue into the background until Serge Klarsfield, a Jewish lawyer whose Romanian father died in Germany, reawakened the national conscience. He tracked down the German chief of the Secret Service in Lyon, Klaus Barbie, who was hiding in Bolivia but was subsequently jailed for life in His case threw light on Vichy's complicity in the Holocaust.

It was not until that one of Barbie's French aides, Paul Touvier, who had been a minor figure in wartime France, was jailed for life for his crimes. He was assassinated by a lone gunman in June France began to face up to its responsibility in the persecution of Jews. It was not until Mitterrand retired in that France began to face up to its responsibility in the persecution of Jews.

When the new right-wing president, Jacques Chirac, came to power, he immediately condemned Vichy as a criminal regime and two years later the Catholic Church publicly asked for forgiveness for its failure to protect the Jews. But the most significant step forward was the trial in of Maurice Papon, 89, for crimes concerning the deportation of Jews from Bordeaux. He had served as a cabinet minister after the war, before losing a year legal battle to avoid trial. He was released from jail because of poor health, but his ten-year prison sentence has been interpreted as official recognition of French complicity in the Holocaust, although there are still those who continue to defend his actions.

Since the trial, France has opened up hidden archives and offered compensation to survivors - and ensured that schools, where history manuals used not to mention France's part in the deportations, now have compulsory lessons on Vichy persecution.

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While anti-Semitism is still a social problem in France, there is no official discrimination, and today's ,strong Jewish community is represented at every level of the establishment, including in the Catholic Church, where the Archbishop of Paris is Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger. In , while on the run from the French police, Lustiger converted to Catholicism, but three years later was told that his mother had died in the Auschwitz gas chambers. It seems fitting that he presently June occupies such an important position within French society.

View all 7 comments. I had decided not to read Modiano for sentimental reasons many years ago. And then there was the Nobel Prize. I read "Pour que tu ne te perdes I promised myself of all read of him. I bought 3 books of him today. I begin with Dora. At the beginning there is a simple classified ads in a newspaper of Dora Bruder made a running away.

Dora, a rebellious teenager. Modiano decides to inquire into her life. He visits the places where she has lived, walks on I had decided not to read Modiano for sentimental reasons many years ago. He visits the places where she has lived, walks on her traces. Dora becomes a kind of obsession. The life of Dora mingles with the history of Modiano.

This book makes me think of Yourcenar "Archive of north" when the private is close to History with H. Dora seems the double of Modiano. He could had have the same destiny. Modiano goes much further. With this book, he gives life to the friends of Dora, captives , those which will go in concentration camp. Modiano take their from the nothingness where the Nazis had wanted to lock up them. By naming these phantoms, he gives to them an eternity. He makes an act of resistance. Power of literature. View all 8 comments.

While reading Suspended Sentences: Three Novellas , I was so strongly reminded of the films of Alain Resnais that I went back and watched a few of them. I drew out the resonances in yesterday's column for 3 Quarks Daily. Here I will simply say that Modiano's fiction addresses the same gaps in memory as Resnais's film Muriel, or the time of return , locating these lacunae in an actual place in much the same way that the bombed-out city of Boulogne was employed by the director to suggest impermanen While reading Suspended Sentences: Three Novellas , I was so strongly reminded of the films of Alain Resnais that I went back and watched a few of them.

Here I will simply say that Modiano's fiction addresses the same gaps in memory as Resnais's film Muriel, or the time of return , locating these lacunae in an actual place in much the same way that the bombed-out city of Boulogne was employed by the director to suggest impermanence. There are two towns, the old one spared by the war and the reconstructed town, the topography of which the old inhabitants cannot recognize… As the town plasters over the effects of the war, so do the inhabitants. Walking these streets some years later, the narrator of Dora Bruder finds "nothing but a wasteland, itself surrounded by half-demolished walls.

On these walls, open to the sky," he continues, "you could still make out the patterned paper of what was once a bedroom. Too young to remember the Occupation, but aware of the taint it has left on French history and on his family history Modiano's father dealt in the Black Market and may well have had dealings with the Gestapo , he attempts to fill in the gaps through repeated acts of the imagination. And yet he will not allow these imaginative recreations to endure.

In an earlier novel, Voyage des noces , Modiano provided an insight into his motivations for telling stories that dissolve the moment they are held up to the light. Here Modiano maps Dora's brief life onto his own, just for a moment, until the thread breaks. View all 9 comments. I walk through empty streets. I think of her in spite of myself, sensing an echo of her presence in this neighborhood or that. He was looking at the past; specifically, he was skimming a Paris newspaper, looking for clues to his own past.

Modiano, the Nobel Prize-winner for Literature, is known for his lifetime obsessions: Paris, Paris during the Occupation, the Jewish-Italian father that he never really knew in Paris during the Occupation. The books are about memory, and the failure of memory, about the need to know, and the failure to truly know. And moral compromises, that he observed particularly in his father, and other Parisians, during a terrible time.

So why be curious about this one girl? In one sense it is random. Yet Modiano had lived near her neighborhood, though he was born after she died. His father had lived in this area, too, and had been arrested—at the same time as two teenaged girls—during this time. Like an archeologist unearthing the past, like a detective, unearthing what happened, Modiano is on the case for ten years, and he finds a lot of scraps of information—a photograph here, sketchy police records there.

We have no such letter from Dora, so the fiction writer extrapolates from other documents to understand. But he can never really know, of course. And the course of time and erosion of memory proceeds, steadily. Modiano is piecing together a story using tidbits of facts and his own imagination. Dora stands in, in a way, too, for the father of which he also knew little whom he also tries to stitch together with facts and his imagination.

Is what he does enough? But I live in hope. Who was she? Will Dora finally reveal her secrets?

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What did she feel at the last? To render her fully human, Modiano needs to know and share that rendering with us, and compellingly. To be fully human, we must see her as fully human, to feel as she felt. The school is gone, most records destroyed. Almost nothing is left to even prove she existed. How can we make the past real, when it is so morally crucial for us to do so? Can we really know her? A poor and precious secret that not even the executioners, the decrees, the occupying authorities, the Depot, the barracks, the camps, History, time--everything that defiles and destroys you--have been able to take away from her.

Another that takes place much later: The last photograph of Dora, with her mother and grandmother, unsmiling, haunts me. A sort of typical family photograph, but probably the last taken.