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Member In:. The expense of research, which is the heart of intervention and assessment, in an environment of reduced funding, suggests that the Journal may continue to lack content in these areas. The distribution of Journal articles during the past 5 years has been consistent with that of other editorial periods. Note that much of this percentage increase is linked to the overall expansion of articles.
In general, it has been difficult to solicit authors to prepare literature reviews. This may be a function of increasing emphasis on funded research and third-party billing to cover faculty and staff compensation. Recent writing on specific diseases or conditions tended to center on diabetes, cancer and increasingly, on obesity. Some have suggested that publishing additional literature reviews will increase the Journal' s impact factor, as more of its articles will be cited in these reviews. As mentioned, topics of particular interest were examined in numerous special issues, a special section, and a miniseries Table III.
As noted, the Journal has struggled with a lack of intervention content since its inception, and improving performance in this area has been an ongoing goal. We have made modest progress, increasing intervention articles to 23 from the 14 published between and Kazak, We might hope that the American Psychological Association's support for evidence-based practice American Psychological Association, , coupled with a health care system that increasingly employs evidence-based medicine and demands that all practitioners demonstrate the efficacy of their clinical work, will encourage increased intervention research in pediatric psychology.
Prevention articles present another gap: between and the Journal published just eight such articles, peaking in with five. In the period from to , 3. The large number of assessment articles is encouraging, as assessment is a precursor of clinical studies. The field has evolved to the point that pediatric psychology now has measures specific to chronic illness, rather than borrowing from the psychopathology literature, as was done a decade ago.
Clearly, assessment instruments have increased and are well validated, both in the United States and other cultures. These are promising indicators for future intervention research Table X. For the Journal of Pediatric Psychology , the most important development in this area since has been the increased use of conflict-of-interest forms in research, in which the investigator may, for example, own significant stock in a pharmaceutical company.
By signing conflict-of-interest forms, investigators attest that they have no investment in firms funding their research. Verifications of this type underscore the independence and veracity of research in pediatric psychology, which is essential in maintaining the integrity of the Journal and all academic publications. While pediatric psychologists may not have as many competing interests as our physician colleagues, an awareness of potential conflicts will help maintain high ethical standards. Finally, although the majority of authors acknowledge Institutional Review Board Approval IRB and consent from caregivers, consistent with the observations of Kazak , fewer articles mention assent from children participating in studies.
Also of interest is that over the past 5 years, no articles have appeared on research ethics in pediatric psychology.
These important areas cannot be ignored and must become part of our professional conversation—and of this publication—as our discipline matures. The fact that the Journal is a longer, more frequent publication today indicates that our profession is indeed alive and well. And since much of the interest in pediatric psychology emanates from universities and medical centers, I anticipate that future work will increasingly address the areas in which we now see gaps. For example, I expect that the rate of clinical trials and intervention studies will accelerate, enabling the Journal to increase its reporting in these areas.
I anticipate that the collaboration indicated by the growing number and diversity of contributors will continue, tapping the talents of junior scholars and their mentors to initiate new studies and increase our understanding. We will become ever more accustomed to working in teams across locations and cultures—to execute studies with greater age specificity, leading to deeper knowledge about preschoolers, middle school-aged children and adolescents. In this way, the Journal is an excellent compass: pointing toward areas in pediatric psychology that merit attention and exploration.
To accomplish these things, we must seek new financial support for increasingly expensive clinical trials. The current wealth of applied research in pediatric psychology presages an increase in clinical research. Coupled with the fact that we work within an evidence-based health care system, an approach that is supported by the NIH and other federal funders, our field is well-positioned to compete for grant support for our research. Many of the trends we have seen reflected in the Journal hint at the evolution of scientific research in pediatric psychology.
Children with serious and chronic illness are living longer; this will permit increased study of their psychosocial development and adaptation over time. Interest in longitudinal and experimental research is building, and the Journal responded with a special issue that examined current investigations and the statistical methodology being developed to pursue investigations over time Volume 31, Number 4, Holmbeck, Ed.
The Journal also reflects interest in a range of chronic conditions that affect children and adolescents. Traditionally, cancer has received much attention, but it has now been joined by other chronic illnesses that include diabetes, asthma, and obesity. All research in pediatric psychology will be enhanced by the movement toward multi-site studies, which allow a more coordinated approach to assembling study groups.
By widening our net geographically, we can design research with larger study groups that meet more specific parameters. Ideally, this will strengthen the external validity of our studies and lead to more meaningful conclusions. However, such studies are difficult to conduct without adequate grant support.
Increased assessment research has led to the development of new instruments with which to measure psychological, physiological, and sociological conditions and characteristics in children and adolescents. The development of our own instrumentation signifies the emergence of pediatric psychology as an independent field. Pediatric psychology values methodical and intellectual inquiry. We must respond to developments in our field and events in the wider world that affect our profession and patients.
This means, that we need to be persistent in pursuing issues that affect the way we do our work, such as funding and regulatory matters relating to research, health care access and the definition, integration, and compensation of services.
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We need to rigorously assess the shortcomings of ourselves and our profession, working to remedy them as we pursue high intellectual, ethical, and standards of care. We need to be more inclusive, to open the profession to colleagues from different experiences and professions. For the Journal , this means that the publication must attract diverse authors and editorial board members, extending invitations to scholars of varied ethnicities and countries of origin. We have begun this process by increasing physician representation on the board and adding a prominent physician—researcher, Lonnie Zeltzer, MD, as an associate editor.
That said, we need to do more, adding accomplished investigators from schools of nursing and public health who conduct research in pediatric chronic illness. We also need to address the fact that there are few individuals of color or minority status on the editorial board, despite a search that continued throughout my tenure. This may be a staffing issue, in that nearly all pediatric psychologists are of European ancestry. As such, it is a challenge that will take several years to rectify, as more diverse students are recruited and trained. The Journal continues to seek content on professional practice and issues; this is perhaps one of the richest areas for productive discussion, yet one that attracts little attention.
While the first issue in was specifically devoted to issues of training, these articles were actually solicited and edited by me under my predecessor.
Perhaps, we are reluctant to examine areas so close to home; that is exactly why we should. Perhaps, we are stymied by financial pressure to produce research with more immediate applications, yet examining our profession can only strengthen the relevance of what we do as clinicians and researchers. The wealth of investigation and reporting in pediatric psychology that has made it possible to publish longer and more frequent issues of the Journal of Pediatric Psychology bode well for our profession. We are rapidly deepening knowledge in our field, establishing its relevance to sister disciplines such as public health, child development, and the neurosciences.
New knowledge, communicated in pediatric psychology's expanding literature, signals our ascent as an independent branch of psychology, consistent with the Society of Pediatric Psychology's division status within the American Psychological Association. We now have many more assessment instruments unique to pediatric psychology than previously. Pediatric psychology has evolved from primarily relying on correlation investigations, which indicates the early adolescence of a field, to the establishment of experimental investigations, signaling maturity.
Again, it has been a privilege and an honor to serve as editor over the past 5 years. Indeed, it has been one of the highlights of my career as a pediatric psychologist. Their unwavering support was demonstrated through their diligent management of mountains of manuscripts, and by their service as guest editors of many special issues.
They also generously gave their time to critique my editorials, sharing both intellectual insights and practical advice. I am indebted to Susan Simonian, PhD, continuing education editor for the Journal , and to Carrie Rittle, MA, who has served dutifully as the editorial assistant during my entire term.
I have watched her mature in the process and have had the privilege of watching her family grow. Finally, my sincere appreciation goes to Dennis Drotar, PhD, who will be the next editor.
He was unfailing in his devotion, preparing commentaries related to clinical trials, and providing feedback to me on various editorial statements. There is no finer academic citizen and scholar in our field. I am grateful to Oxford University Press, which has partnered with the Society of Pediatric Psychology to publish the Journal over the past decade.
No publisher better exemplifies quality scholarship than Oxford. In particular, Shelley Andrews, Executive Editor of journals, has been a superb colleague and friend. The editorial board and reviewers have been most gracious in all of the demands that I have made of them over the past 5 years.
Rarely were manuscripts sent back to my office because they could not review them and their comments added so much to the final quality of the Journal. Finally, our authors and prospective contributors have always been most kind to me and the associate editors. They took criticism with grace and utilized the review process to enhance their work.
When there were delays in reviewing, which were not frequent, and when rejections were issued, authors were remarkably understanding. As an editor, I have developed even greater respect for the majesty of the peer-review process. Not only does it enhance the quality of what we publish, it shapes pediatric psychology for the next generation of scholars and enhances the lives of the children we serve.
Having had this opportunity to lead our field in this small way has been the capstone of my career, and I want to thank all of those colleagues and friends who worked with me over the past 5 years. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide.
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Advanced Search. Article Navigation. Close mobile search navigation Article Navigation. Volume Article Contents. Significant Activities. Manuscript Reviewing. Trends in Published Articles. Concluding Comments. Temple University, Department of Public Health. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Overview Today, the Journal is published more frequently, and in greater length, than in when I became editor.
Significant Activities There have been several developments involving the Journal of Pediatric Psychology over the past 5 years. Increased Size The Journal has published a total of articles since , compared with in the previous 5 years Kazak, Expanding Contributor Pool Demographically, senior authors 1 in Volume 32 were two-thirds female, one-third male, which represents a slight increase in women over the current editorial term, as well as compared with previous terms.
Table I. New York: Aldine-Atherton; Dawson T. The role of communication and ego states in patient compliance. Dent Nurs ; Kacperek L. Non-verbal communication: The importance of listening. Br J Nurs ; Versloot J, Craig KD. The communication of pain in paediatric dentistry. Eur Arch Paediatr Dent ; Pinkham JR.
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Patient management. Pediatric Dentistry: Infancy through Adolescence. Interpersonal Communication: Building Connections Together. Dentist's reassuring touch: Effects on children's behavior. Pediatr Dent ;