On a summer evening, while engaged in an aimless conversation that has come round to the topic of hereditary attributes, Doctor Watson learns that Sherlock Holmes, far from being a one-off in terms of his powers of observation and deductive reasoning, in fact has an elder brother whose skills, or so Holmes claims, outstrip his own; as a consequence of this, Watson becomes acquainted with the Diogenes Club and his friend's brother, Mycroft.
Mycroft, as Watson learns, does not have the energy of his younger brother and as a consequence is incapable of using his great skills for detective work: If the art of the detective began and ended in reasoning from an arm-chair, my brother would be the greatest criminal agent that lived. But he has no energy. He will not go out of his way to verify his own solution, would rather be considered wrong than take the trouble to prove himself right. In spite of his inertia , the elder Holmes has delivered the correct answer to a problem that Sherlock has brought to him.
On this occasion, however, it is Mycroft. Melas, a Greek interpreter and neighbour of Mycroft, tells of a rather unnerving experience he has gone through. Melas was called upon one evening by a man named Harold Latimer to go to a house in Kensington , to translate on a business matter. Latimer produced a bludgeon , laying it beside him as an implied threat. For two hours they drove, at last arriving at a house, it was dark, Melas only got a general impression of a large property as he was hustled out of the coach and into the house.
The house itself was poorly lit. In the room into which he was led by Latimer and another, giggling gentleman — whose name is discovered to be Wilson Kemp — Melas noticed a deep-pile carpet, a high marble mantel, a suit of Japanese armour. Another man was brought into the room, he was thin and emaciated and had sticking plaster all over his face, a bandage sealing his mouth. Melas knew that things were not right. Melas was sly enough to observe that his kidnappers were utterly ignorant of Greek, used this to find out some information.
While Latimer and his giggling companion had Melas translate demands that this man sign some papers, Melas added his own short questions to the dialogue; the man not only answered Latimer that he would never sign these papers, but he answered Melas that his name was Kratides, that he had been in London for three weeks, that he had no idea what house he was in, that his captors at the house were starving him.
He wrote all his answers. Evidently, Latimer was trying to coerce Kratides into signing over property to him, a woman was involved. Latimer had warned Kratides. Melas would have extracted the whole story from this stranger had the woman herself not burst in unexpectedly, but that event furnished new information, she recognised Kratides as "Paul", whereupon he managed to get the bandage off his mouth and he called her "Sophia".
They both behaved. Melas was ushered back into the coach for another interminable ride and was deposited far from his home on Wandsworth Common , he made it to Clapham Junction just in time for the last train to Victoria. He has now presented his story at the Diogenes Club to Mycroft, who asks his brother Sherlock to look into it. An advertisement has been placed begging the public for information, it yields a result.
Davenport knows the woman in question , she is residing at the Myrtles , a house in Beckenham. Sherlock Holmes and his brother Mycroft, who received the message from Davenport, decide that they must go to Beckenham to see about this. Watson comes and they decide to pick up Inspector Gregson , Melas as well in case some translating needs to be done.
They find, that he has been picked up, by a nervous, giggling man brandishing a bludgeon. Holmes knows; the thugs know that Melas has betrayed them. After the necessary legal procedures for securing a search warrant have been completed, the group proceeds to Beckenham only to discover that the house, which indeed turns out to be as Melas has described, has been abandoned.
Tracks indicate that a loaded coach has pulled out of the drive. Breaking in, they discover Melas and Kratides bound in a closed room where some charcoal has been lit to gas the two of them: Melas recovers thanks to Watson's timely intervention, but Kratides is dead. Doyle ranked "The Adventure of the Crooked Man" fifteenth in a list of his nineteen favourite Sherlock Holmes stories.
Holmes calls on Watson late one evening to tell him about a case that he has been working on, to invite him to be a witness to the final stage of the investigation. Colonel James Barclay , of The Royal Mallows based at Aldershot Camp , is dead by violence, his wife, Nancy, is the prime suspect; the Colonel's brother officers are quite perplexed at the Colonel's fate, as most of them have always believed that he and Nancy were a happy couple. They have observed over the years, that the Colonel seemed more attached to his wife than she to him, they have noticed that the Colonel sometimes had bouts of deep depression and moodiness for no apparent reason.
As a married officer, the Colonel lived with his wife in a villa outside the camp at Aldershot , one evening Nancy went out in the evening with her next-door neighbor, Miss Morrison, on an errand connected with her church, came back not long afterwards. She went into the seldom-used morning room and asked the maid to fetch her some tea, unusual for Nancy.
Hearing that his wife had returned, the Colonel joined her in the morning room; the coachman saw him enter, and, the last time that he was seen alive. The morning room's blinds were up, the glass door leading out onto the lawn was open; when the maid brought the tea, she heard an argument in progress between Nancy and her husband, she heard Nancy say the name "David. Nancy was angry and shouting about what a coward her husband was; the Colonel cried out, there was a crash, Nancy screamed.
Realizing that something awful had just happened, the coachman tried to force the locked door, but could not, he remembered the outside glass door, went outside to get into the room through that. Upon entering, he found that Nancy had fainted, the Colonel was lying dead in a pool of his own blood; the coachman summoned the police and medical help, found, to his surprise, that the key was not in the locked door on the inside.
A thorough search failed to turn it up. A peculiar club-like weapon was found in the morning room. Although the staff has seen the Colonel's weapon collection, they do not recognize this weapon. Holmes believes that the case is not what it appears to be. Although the staff are quite sure that they only heard the Colonel's and his wife's voices, Holmes is convinced that a third person came into the room at the time of the Colonel's death and, rather oddly, made off with the key; this Holmes deduces from footmarks found in the road, on the lawn, in the morning room.
Odder still, the mystery man seems to have brought an animal with him. Judging from the footmarks it made, it is long with short stumpy legs, like a weasel or a stoat , but bigger than either of those animals, it left claw marks on the curtain, leading Holmes to deduce that it was a carnivore , for there was a bird cage near the curtain. Holmes is sure that Miss Morrison holds the key to the mystery, he is right, she claims to know nothing of the reason for the argument between her neighbors, but when Holmes tells her that Nancy could face a murder charge, she feels that she can betray her promise to her and tells all.
On their short outing, the two women met a bent, deformed old man carrying a wooden box.
The Adventure of the Stockbroker’s Clerk
He looked up at Nancy and recognized her, she did. Nancy asked Miss Morrison to walk on ahead as there was a private matter to discuss with this man, she came back angry, made her friend swear not to say anything about the incident. This breaks the case wide open for Holmes, he knows that there cannot be many men of this description in the area, soon identifies him as Henry Wood , goes with Watson to visit him the next day in his room in the same street where the two women met him. Wood explains all, he had been a corporal in the same regiment as Colonel Barclay, still a sergeant at that time, at the time of the Indian Mutiny.
At this time, he and Barclay were both vying for Nancy's hand. Henry was not deformed, much better looking in those days; the regiment was confined to its cantonment by the turmoil in India , water had run out, among other problems. A volunteer was asked for, to go out and summon help, Henry volunteered to do so. Sergeant James Barclay — the Colonel — instructed Henry on the safest route to take. But as Henry traveled along the route, he was attacked and taken prisoner, being knocked unconscious in the process; when he came to, he gathered from what he knew of the local language, spoken by his captors, that Sergeant Barclay had betrayed him to the enemy, driven by one motive - to get rid of Henry so he could have Nancy for himself.
Henry was tortured, how he became deformed, spent years as a slave or wandering, learnt how to be a conjurer , when he was getting old, he longed to come back to England , he sought out soldiers. Quite by chance, he met Nancy that evening.
More About Sidney Paget
Unknown to her, however, he followed her home and witnessed the argument, for the blinds were up and the glass door open. Having published The Hound of the Baskervilles in —, set before Holmes' "death", Doyle came under intense pressure to revive his famous character; the first story is set in and has Holmes returning in London and explaining the period from —, a period called "The Great Hiatus" by Sherlockian enthusiasts.
Of note is Watson's statement in the last story of the cycle that Holmes has retired, forbids him to publish any more stories. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. New York: W. Retrieved 12 December Revision History. Related Images. YouTube Videos. Originally a physician, in he published A Study in Scarlet, the first of four novels about Holmes and Dr. Portrait of Doyle by Herbert Rose Barraud , The charters of and that established Birmingham as a market town and seigneurial borough.
Matthew Boulton , a prominent early industrialist. Lombard Street is a street notable for its connections with the City of London's merchant, banking and insurance industries, stretching back to medieval times. Blue plaque marking the location of Lloyd's Coffee House , notable in the development of the City's insurance market.
Sherlock Holmes examining Dr Mortimer's walking stick. The story was originally published in Strand Magazine in , and was collected later in The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. Reginald Musgrave, illustration by Sidney Paget.
About this book
The story was originally serialised in Strand Magazine in Sherlock Holmes , Dr. Watson and Mycroft Holmes in the Diogenes Club. Reichenbach Falls. Statue of Holmes outside the English Church, Meiringen. Written in , the story marks the first appearance of Sherlock Holmes and Dr. Watson, who would become the most famous detective duo in popular fiction. Original illustration of Holmes with magnifying glass, by David Henry Friston. Left to right: Watson, Holmes, Lestrade, Gregson.
The Mormon Nauvoo Legion , considerably overlapping with the Danite s. Sidney Paget wearing a deerstalker cap. Holmes examining the ears, illustration by Sidney Paget. A scrip is any substitute for legal tender. It is often a form of credit. Russian-American Company parchment scrip 1 Ruble , from between and A scrip card from a babysitting group.
Watson reading the newspaper to Holmes and Wilson. It is distinguishable from errors in observation or judgment, rumors, urban legends, pseudosciences, and April Fools' Day events that are passed along in good faith by believers or as jokes.
Image: Disinformation vs Misinformation. The Dreadnought hoax ers in Abyssinian regalia ; the bearded figure on the far left is in fact the writer Virginia Woolf. Doyle ranked "Silver Blaze" 13th in a list of his 19 favourite Sherlock Holmes stories. Holmes holding a rose, drawn by Sidney Paget.
22 May : birth of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle in Edinburgh
Doyle wrote four novels and 56 short stories featuring the fictional detective. The cloth-bound cover of The Sign of Four after it was compiled as a single book. It was first published on 14 October ; the individual stories had been serialised in The Strand Magazine between July and June Cover of The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes.
Cover of The Memoirs of Sherlock Holmes. The Strand Magazine was a monthly magazine founded by George Newnes, composed of short fiction and general interest articles. It was published in the United Kingdom from January to March , running to issues, though the first issue was on sale well before Christmas According to Dr. Bert Coules is an English writer, mainly for the BBC, who has produced a number of adaptations and original works. He works mainly in radio drama but also writes for TV and the stage.
The sun had long set, but one blood-red gash like an open would lay low in the distant west. It smacked of inserting Holmes into World War I in a weird way. It will be cold and bitter, Watson, and a good many of us may wither before its blast. Here are my top ten Sherlock quips:. This challenge was enjoyable if for no other reason than it gave me an excuse to re-read all the stories. It had been quite a long time since I had done so. I will also not try to read it chronologically again.
I think it was an interesting experiment, but Conan Doyle was a bit too sloppy with his timelines to make it work. What Conan Doyle needed was some kind of spreadsheet to track events. In any case, it reminds me a bit of the inconsistency in J. They are the 32nd, 33rd, 34th, and 35th stories in the chronology time setting rather than composition. Among the seminal texts of the 20th century, Nineteen Eighty-Four is a rare work that grows more haunting as its futuristic purgatory becomes more real.
Published in , the book offers political satirist George Orwell's nightmare vision of a totalitarian, bureaucratic world and one poor stiff's attempt to find individuality. The brilliance of the novel is Orwell's prescience of modern life—the ubiquity of television, the distortion of the language—and his ability to construct such a thorough version of hell. Required reading for students since it was published, it ranks among the most terrifying novels ever written. I am glad to be able to cross it off my list. I guess most people read this novel in school, but I was never assigned many class texts to read until junior year when I moved to Georgia.
If we want to read classics, we will get to them when we get to them. On the other hand, I also see the value of books that show us who we are and help us understand ourselves and others. I am hoping we all stay vigilant. Holmes enlists Watson to help him burgle the Milverton House, but the two are nearly discovered when Milverton enters his study right after Holmes has cracked his safe. Holmes is pitted against criminal mastermind Professor Moriarty, who unsuccessfully attempts to convince Holmes to stop pursuing him. Holmes meets his match in Moriarty, who will stop at nothing to defeat Holmes.
Of course, Conan Doyle would later famously resurrect his great detective amid public outcry. Sherlock winds up shooting Magnussen and has a great deal of trouble getting out of being punished for the crime. I was interested to learn that Milverton was based on a real person: Charles Augustus Howell , who was an art dealer by trade and is believed to have blackmailed many of his former friends.
Sherlock wonders for the rest of the series if Moriarty has managed to escape death and is hiding, biding his time until he can defeat Holmes for once and for all.
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An innocent man is accused of stealing the jewel. The pay is three times as high as typical pay, but she will need to cut off her long chestnut hair, wear a blue dress, and sit in a window. Jabez Wilson consults Holmes after showing up for this work only to see a cardboard sign indicating the League has been dissolved. Holmes quickly deduces that Wilson has been taken in and that a more serious crime is about to take place. All three of these stories are classics, frequently filmed or otherwise anthologized. I enjoyed all three.
It had been a long time since I had read them. All three are excellent examples of Sir Arthur Conan Doyle at the height of his mystery-writing powers. James Mortimer consults Sherlock Holmes regarding the mysterious case of a legendary curse on the Baskerville family. Sir Charles Baskerville has recently died under suspicious circumstances, and his heir and nephew will soon arrive from Canada to claim his inheritance. Mortimer hopes young Henry Baskerville will not also inherit the Baskerville family curse.
Holmes agrees to take the case, but even before Henry Baskerville leaves London for his Devonshire estate, strange things happen. Someone seems to be following him, and one of his shoes turns up missing. Holmes sends Watson on to Baskerville Hall with Henry Baskerville and asks Watson to keep him updated regarding events until he can extricate himself from a case. Watson soon discovers that there may be some truth the family legend of a vicious dog that hunts Baskervilles, and he also discovers the dog may not be the only mysterious being hiding on the moor.
It has everything that Conan Doyle does well, including an atmospheric setting, suspense and mystery, and a hint of the supernatural. Conan Doyle plants enough clues that many astute readers will begin to suspect the truth behind the mystery, but not so many that it feels obvious to everyone. The setting of Baskerville Hall and the surrounding moor is captured well, and it perhaps the setting that is most remembered about this story.
Henry Knight claims his father was killed by a gigantic hound on the moor, but it turns out that the hounds are images produced as the result of mind-altering drugs, and H. The story is, however, updated to reflect modern concerns. It is the twenty-sixth story in the chronology time setting rather than composition.
Hatherley recounts his story to Holmes, and it is clear the man was lucky to escape with his life after discovering an illegal counterfeit operation. This story is unique also in that Holmes does not bring the criminals to justice, as the remote house where they carried out their operation has burned and they have escaped.
Holmes deduces that the package was not meant for the Susan, but for her sister Sarah, who until recently lived with the woman. He also deduces that one of the ears belongs to a third sister Mary, based on its similarity to those of Susan. With a few quick deductions, he nabs the culprit, who confesses all.
Looks like a simple goof to me. It must tend to some end, or else our universe is ruled by chance, which is unthinkable. But what end? There is the great standing perennial problem to which human reason is as far from an answer as ever. They are the twenty-fourth and twenty-fifth stories in the chronology time setting rather than composition. Watson is shocked to see Holmes in such a place but quickly recovers when Holmes offers him the opportunity to be involved in the case of the missing Mr. Clair is sure her husband is alive after receiving a letter from him that was posted after he went missing.
A beggar named Hugh Boone has been arrested under suspicion of being involved in St. Clair clearly saw her husband from a window. Isa Whitney, brother of the late Elias Whitney, D. He found, as so many more have done, that the practice is easier to attain than to get rid of, and for many years he continued to be a slave to the drug, an object of mingled horror and pity to his friends and relatives. I can see him now, with yellow, pasty face, drooping lids, and pin-point pupils, all huddled in a chair, the wreck and ruin of a noble man.
It was definitely associated with the seedy underbelly of society, but the opium den in the story is a perfectly legal business. He is usually called John Watson, but Mary calls him James in this story. Some have theorized that Mary calls him James because his middle name is Hamish, which is a variant of James.